Holmes, Bertie. Died 20th Nov 1917

Bertie Holmes was born in Leicester in 1894 and baptised on 3rd June at St Lukes, Leicester, to William and Sarah Ann (nee Facer).

In 1901 he was living at 18 Union St., Rugby with his parents and 2 siblings. William was a bricklayer’s labourer.

By 1911 Bertie was with his with his mother at 26 New St., New Bilton. His profession was given as “Bore-maker Cylinder” and he was aged 16. Sarah Ann, a char woman, is listed as married, although William is not with the family. Perhaps he had died, as in early 1912 she married George Etherington.

Bert must have signed up at the start of the war, joining the 1st battalion of the Royal Warwickshire Regiment (service no. 1664) a letter written to the Rugby Advertiser on 24 July 1915 states that he had been in France from November 1914:

Pte H Holmes, 1664 B Company, 1st Royal Warwicks, serving with the British Expeditionary Force, whose home is at 47 Wood Street, Rugby, has written us stating that there are twelve or more men in the regiment to his knowledge without razors, and if any of our readers have old razors that will shave the men referred to would be glad of them. We understand that all men have razors served out to them as part of their equipment, but apparently the men Pte Holmes refers to have lost theirs. Our correspondent informs us that he went out to France on November 11th last year, and has been in hospital twice. He adds:” We are out of the trenches now for a longer rest. Our regiment took part in that affair on July 6th. We were called up on the night we were going to be relieved, but had to stop owing to the Germans keeping on counter-attacking. The Old Warwicks helped to hold them back well.”


Another report on 18th September 1915 records a letter sent to his old schoolmaster at Murray School:
“I have been in hospital myself with gas poison, but it was not very serious. The first time they gassed us was about the 27th of April, and we lost a terrible number of men. The time I got the gas was last Whit-Monday morning (it was not so bad that time). The gas seems to take all the use out of your body, make your eyes smart and run, and your throat sore. It is rotten stuff. We had only got respirators then, but now we have got gas helmets, which are very good, as no gas can get through for two hours. So now we are prepared for it, but on the first occasion we had nothing at all for it. The next time we stepped into the mud again was on the 8th of July, when the Rifle Brigade took the trenches alongside of the Yser Canal. The order came up for us to reinforce the Lancashires because the Germans continued to make counter-attacks. On the 10th they made seven attacks, but they were no good, because a German officer and 26 men were made prisoners, and he said they were all that were left of 600. I have met both lots of Rugby Territorials. We have had the Infantry on the left of us in the trenches, where we are now, and we have had the Battery firing on the trenches in front of us.”

He would have fought in most of the battles on the western front and was awarded the DCM with the following citation:
For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. Acting as a company runner for two years, he has been in the majority of the actions in which the battalion has taken part. He has always proved himself most reliable, and on many occasions has taken messages through very heavy fire, displaying singular devotion to duty.

He died in the aftermath of Passchendaele. His death is “officially accepted to be” on 20th November 1917.

His name is listed on the Arras Memorial.





Hardman, William John. Died 27 Oct 1917

William John Hardman was born in Rugby in 1897. He was baptised on 7th Feb 1899 at St Matthews Church, Rugby, together with his sister Nellie, born in late 1898. His parents were James Hardman and Elizabeth née Giles and they were married at St Matthews on 19th Oct 1890.

To start with the family lived at 3 Vine Place, but by 1901, when William was 3, they had moved to Overslade. Father James was a Domestic Groom.

By 1911 James and Elizabeth Hardman had 7 children, William was the fourth son. There was another younger so and two younger daughters. They lived at 36 Union Street Rugby and William was a shop assistant. Before he signed up he was employed by Mr W Elliott, of Dunchurch Road. (Probably at the Mineral Water Factory.)

He joined the 15th Bn., Royal Warwickshire Regiment in May 1916. By this time the family were living at 9 James Street, Rugby.

William John Hardman died of wounds on 27th Oct 1917. The regiment had taken part in the Second Battle of Passchendaele, which started on the 26th.

He was buried at Lijssenthoek Military Cemetery. Lijssenthoek was the location for a number of casualty clearing stations during the First World War. The village was situated on the main communication line between the Allied military bases in the rear and the Ypres battlefields. Close to the Front, but out of the extreme range of most German field artillery, it became a natural place to establish casualty clearing stations.

His elder brother Walter had died in 1915. Another brother, Charles Henry, James and Elizabeth’s oldest son, was to die in 1918.

Mr Hardman would assist in the opening of the Rugby Memorial Gates, in 1921.



Collins, Arthur William. Died 26th Oct 1917

Arthur William Collins was born in 1888 in Bittesby, Leicestershire and baptised at Claybrooke on 22nd April, that year.

In 1891 the family was living in Willey where William, an agricultural labourer, had been born. Arthur’s mother, Jane (nee Loyde) came from Church Eaton in Shropshire. They were still there, at Cross in Hand Cottage, in 1901 where William was now a waggoner on a farm. No occupation was given for thirteen year old Arthur.

By 1911 they had moved to Rugby, Arthur William was 23, a cement loader. He lived with his parents at 128 New Street, New Bilton. William was also worked at the Cement Works, as a shunter.

Arthur William Collins enlisted with the 15th Bn., Royal Warwickshire Regiment (private 17406), probably sometime in 1916. In October that year he had returned home as the Rugby Advertiser of 21 October, 1916 reports :

AN ABSENTEE.—At the Rugby Police Court, on Thursday (before T Hunter, Esq), Pte Arthur Collins, of the R.W.R, 45 New Street, New Bilton, pleaded guilty to being an absentee from his Battalion since October 14th, and was remanded to await an escort.

In the report of his death, it states that he was wounded in September 1916, probably during the Somme Offensive. A few months earlier, in early July his younger brother Harry had been killed and it was reported then that the family had three other sons serving.

Arthur William Collins died on 26th October 1917, the first day of the Second Battle of Passchendaele, the final phase of the 3rd Battle of Ypres. His body was never found or identified and his name is listed on the Tyne Cot Memorial. He was 29 years of age.

His parents address was given as 45 New Street, New Bilton. He is also listed on the Croop Hill Memorial, Rugby.




Wolfe, Sidney George. Died 22nd Oct 1917

Sidney George Wolfe was born in Sun Street on the 14th February, 1890, to George (Railway Engine Cleaner) and Julie Wolfe and was baptised at St. Andrew’s Church on the 28th March. George James Wolfe was born in Shakerstone, Staffordshire, in about 1869, and married Julie Mary (née Wing), who was born the same year, in Stretton-on-Dunsmore, in Rugby in 1889.

In 1891 the family was living at 854 Old Station Square,[1] Rugby and they had a lodger, Walter Wing, an engine cleaner, who was Julie’s younger brother.

In 1901 the family had moved, or had possibly been renumbered, and was living at 809 Old Station Square, Rugby. George J Wolfe was still a Loco Fireman, and that night they were putting up a two year old nephew, Raymond Wing.

Sidney would have entered Elborow School in 1897/98, under Mr Walker, but the first appearance in the records is in August, 1901, at the Sports Day, competing in the 440 yards flat race, the 100 yards flat, and also the fun-event ‘Coach & Horses’ where thrills and spills abounded. He commenced duties as a Pupil Teacher in September, 1906, transferring to the Lower School VI Form. He made his mark on the sports field, playing regularly for the school football team as well as the occasional cricket match, and was appointed ‘Monitor’ in Lent Term 1907; by July he had become Head of Town House. In December ’07, he gave a lecture on “The World on Wheels” to the Literary & Scientific Society, and in 1908 he was awarded the Old Laurentian English Prize. He returned to Elborow towards the end of the Summer Term to complete his Pupil-Teachership, having taken, and passed, his Oxford Senior Locals exams. He then went on to Saltley College, Birmingham, to gain full qualifications for a teaching career.

By 1911 he was in Sheffield, working as an Assistant Teacher in an (unknown) Elementary School, but returned to Elborow as an Assistant in June 1912, contributing to the School Magazine in July that year. He was, at this time, also appointed ‘Lieutenant’ in the new Elborow branch of the Rugby 1st Company Boys’ Brigade. At that year’s Annual Concert he played the double bass in the Orchestra, but also arranged the ‘Physical Culture’ display by the Junior boys. By November, he had been admitted into the Coventry Rugby Club’s team in September as “a forward with a good reputation”, and on 23rd October he was selected to represent the East Midlands against South Africa at Leicester on November 9th.

2nd Lt. S G Wolfe, Apr 1916

On the outbreak of war, Sidney enlisted in the 7th Battalion, Royal Warwickshire Regiment. He joined up on the 2nd September, and signed his Attestation papers on the 3rd. By 31st October had been promoted to Acting Sergeant, a rank that was confirmed ‘in full’ when he was transferred to the Divisional Cycle Company in January 1915 before embarking for France (Le Havre) in March. After serving in the 48th Divisional Cycle Company for almost a year, Sergeant Wolfe was temporarily attached to the 28th London Regiment in February, 1916, pending a course of instruction at Cadet School, and was then granted a Commission, with promotion to Temporary 2nd Lieutenant on 30th April. Transfer to the 10th Battalion, Lancashire Fusiliers followed.

Unfortunately, Lieutenant Wolfe had only been ‘in post’ a couple of weeks when he was seriously wounded:

“Regret to inform you that 2nd Lieutenant S. G. Wolfe Lancashire Fusiliers admitted Red Cross Hospital Le Torquet May 13th suffering from gunshot wound face severe. Will wire any further news.”
(War Office Telegram)

The Rugby Advertiser for the 27th May 1916 reports:

Lieut. S G Wolfe, of the Lancashire Fusiliers, the well-known Rugby, Coventry and Midland Counties footballer, has been wounded at the front. Lieut. Wolfe gained a commission after eighteen months’ service in the trenches, and he had only been with his new unit a week when he was caught by a German machine gun while he was helping to repair barbed wire entanglements in front of the firing line. The nature of his injuries are not known locally, except that he received two wounds in the neck and one in the face. Lieut. Wolfe was successively a pupil, student teacher, and assistant master at Elborow School, and was selected to play for the Midland Counties against the South Africans.”

Back in the UK, he was very ill for many months, but recovered in hospital and convalesced at home under the care of his wife Nellie (nee Smith), whom he had married just after enlisting; he no doubt took great pleasure in watching the antics of his baby son, Roland, who was born in mid-1916. Nevertheless, he returned to France in May, 1917, receiving a promotion to 1st Lieutenant with the Fusiliers.

His unit was in the Ypres Salient, and was involved in the 1st Battle of Passchendaele which began on October 12th. The British had planned to capture the ridges south and east of the city of Ypres, but after a dry spell in September, rains began on 3rd October and conditions became very difficult. The evening of the 21st October was dry until after midnight, when it began to rain and a thick mist rose and it became impossible to see more than a few yards by the time the advance began on the 22nd. Despite a drying wind for several days, the ground in most places was a morass.    

The attack on 22 October 1917 is described in four pages of the Battalion Diary. The Battalion formed up at 2.30am, and zero hour was at 5.35am and they moved forward close to the barrage, which was ragged and too slow and caused several casualties. They encountered heavy machine gun fire, and later in the afternoon had to repulse a German counter attack which was done successfully.

That day, three officers were killed, including Lt. S G Wolfe, and 27 Other Ranks (ORs); one officer and 42 ORs were wounded and missing; and seven officers and 174 ORs were wounded.

‘He was leading a company into action and was unfortunately killed during the advance. He had scarcely advanced more than 75 yards when an enemy shell fell close and he was killed instantaneously.’[2]

The telegram below was sent to Mrs Wolfe on the 29th October:
“Deeply regret to inform you Lt. S. G. Wolfe, Lancashire Fusiliers, was killed in Action October twenty second. The Army Council express their sympathy.”

The Rugby Advertiser reported his death in the 30th October issue:
“Followers of Rugby football will regret to learn that Lieut. S G Wolfe, Lancashire Fusiliers, the well-known Midland forward, was killed by a shell while leading his men into action on October 22nd. Lieut. Wolfe, who was about 26 years of age, was a native of Rugby, and when he enlisted in August 1914, was employed as senior assistant at the Elborow School, where he had formerly been a pupil. At first he devoted his attention to Association football, and played for Bablake School and afterwards Rugby Lower School. He subsequently became a convert to the handling code, and it is by his exploits in this game that he will be best remembered by many. Of fine physique, he was an excellent forward, and played for both the Rugby and Coventry XV’s. He also played for the Midlands on several occasions, notably against the South Africans at Leicester, and while he was living in Sheffield he was in the Yorkshire County Trial match. He was for a time a lieutenant in the 1st Rugby Co. Boys’ Brigade, and he joined the Army as a private, being subsequently granted a commission. He had been previously seriously wounded in France.”

Part of an article in The Midland Daily Telegraph, for Wednesday, 31st October 1917, states:
Deceased was an Old Bablake boy, and after staying at Saltley College for a period of scholastic training he became an assistant master at a school in Rugby. He was a well-known footballer in Coventry and district, having played for Coventry F.C. and regularly for the Midland Counties as a forward. A good all-round sportsman, he was universally popular.
In a letter addressed to Mrs. Wolfe, and just received from a comrade, it is stated that he deceased officer was leading a company into action, and was unfortunately killed during the advance. He had scarcely advanced more than 75 yards when an enemy shell fell just close, and deceased was killed instantaneously, whilst his servant was badly wounded. “it came as a terrible blow to me,” the writer of the letter states, “and I cannot realise that I shall not see him again. He will be a great loss to the battalion, and he will be missed by all who knew him. As a soldier I cannot speak too highly of him, and as a man I had the greatest affection for him. He was always cheery, whether in the line or out, a great sportsman, and always thoughtful for his men. I should like to offer you my deepest sympathy in the great loss you have sustained.”

His body was either not recovered or not identified. Sidney is remembered on one of the Panels 54 to 60 and 163A of the Tyne Cot Memorial. The Tyne Cot Memorial is one of four memorials to the missing in Belgian Flanders which cover the area known as the Ypres Salient. Whereas those who died before 16 August 1917 are remembered on the Menin Gate, the United Kingdom servicemen who died after that date are named on the memorial at Tyne Cot.

As well as at Tyne Cot, Sidney is commemorated on the Rugby Memorial Gates in Hillmorton Road, Rugby. He is also remembered on the St Peter’s College, Coventry Memorial Tablet,[3] and also on the Bablake School Memorial in Coundon Road, Coventry.

He was awarded the British War Medal and the Victory Medal and also the 1915 Star. His Medal Card and the Commonwealth War Graves Commission records, confirm that he was ‘Killed in Action’ on 22 October 1917. His widow is recorded as Mrs S G Wolfe, who at that later date, lived at 55 Berkeley Road Earlsdon, Coventry.

His formal address when probate was awarded on 15 January 1918 at Birmingham was 157 Westwood Road, Coventry and probate awarded to his widow, Nellie Maud Wolfe, was in the sum of £101-10-6d.

The birth of his daughter (Iris) was recorded in the same column of the newspaper[4] as notice of his death.

BIRTH. Wolfe. – On November 1st, at Earlsdon to the wife of the late Lieut. S. G. Wolfe, a daughter.
DEATHS. Wolfe. – Killed in Action. Oct. 22nd, Lieut. S. G. Wolfe, of the Lancashire Fusiliers, aged 27 years.   Leaves a wife and two children.




This article on Sidney George WOLFE was researched and written for the Rugby Family History Group [RFHG] project, by Anne Rogers and John P H Frearson and is © Anne Rogers, John P H Frearson and the RFHG, October 2017.

Information about Elborow School Career is © Howard Trillo

[1]       Industrial Housing in Rugby – L.N.W.R. Railways – To operate and maintain a railway requires people to work at places spread all along the line, often far from existing settlements. At places where stations are built accommodation for many staff are needed from opening day. People had to live within walking distance of work, and it was useful to the railway to be able to get hold of staff if something unexpected happened. By providing houses for their staff, the railway solved all these problems and the London and Birmingham Railway built several hundred houses along the line for the opening. The houses were each given a number and the earliest in Rugby were in the 700’s. They were all near the new station in Newbold Road, on the west side both north and south of the railway.

[2]         https://livesofthefirstworldwar.org/lifestory/4842770.

[3]       Following the closure of the college, the two WWI memorial tablets have been moved from St Peter’s College to St Saviour’s Church, St Saviour’s Road, Saltley, Birmingham B8 1HW.

[4]       Coventry Evening Telegraph, Friday, 2 November 1917.

Cowley, Henry Moses. Died 19th Oct 1917

Henry Moses COWLEY was born in about 1883 in Rugby. He was the son of Henry Walter [b.c.1863, Clifton] and Anne/ie [b.c.1859, Swinford], née Turland, Cowley.

Their marriage, in late 1882 or early 1883, was registered in Q1, 1883 in Lutterworth [7a, 17] and their first child, Annie E Cowley, was born at Swinford in 1883 – Annie had probably returned home for the first birth. Henry Moses was born in Rugby, two years later, and was baptised on 12 October 1883 at St Andrew’s church, Rugby; his father was a joiner and they were living in South Street, Rugby.

In 1891 the family were living at 3 Alfred Street, Tamworth, probably Henry’s work as a carpenter had taken him there. In 1901, when Henry was about 17 or 18, his father was still a ‘carpenter’; and they were back in Rugby, living at 48 Claremont Road.   Henry was a clerk for the railway, and his elder sister Annie was a clerk for the Cooperative Society. By 1911, when Henry was 28, he was still single and an Engineering Clerk for an Electrical Manufacturer. The family were now living at 46 Claremont Rd Rugby. His father was listed as a ‘carpenter and joiner’. His sister was not at home.

Henry’s Service Records survive among the ‘Burnt Records’, however, there are not all legible, but provide some details of the complexity of his military service.

He enlisted at Rugby, and took the oath of attestation at Rugby on 19 November 1915 and this was approved on 23 March 1916. He was then 32 years and three months old, a clerk, and enlisted for ‘Garrison Duty’.   He was 5ft 5½ inches tall – and his service reckoned from 22 March 1916 when he now seemed to be 33 years and 90 days old! He had shrunk somewhat and was now only 5ft 4½ inches tall and weighed 122 lbs.

His father, Henry Walter Cowley, is mentioned on Henry’s Service Record, and in 1915, he was nominated as Henry’s next of kin and was then living at 111a Clifton Road, Rugby. However his father’s death, aged 53, was registered in Rugby [6d, 812] in Q4, 1916.

Henry seems to have had various numbers including No.5932 [or indeed No.5931] on forms from 5th Bn., the Royal Warwickshire Regiment [RWarR] and there is also an Army Ordinance Corps document and a Royal Engineers form with Henry’s number as 503775, where he was recorded with ‘trade and special qualifications’ as ‘Proficient’ and a ‘Clerk’. This posting to the Royal Engineers as 503775 is confirmed on his Medal Card.

He did not receive the 1915 Star, which also confirms that he did not go to France until 1916. His Service Record shows that he went to France/Belgium with one of the RWarR Battalions, but the actual date of his embarkation at Southampton and of his subsequent disembarkation cannot be read, but he transferred to the 1st/8th Bn., RWarR on either 14 July 1916 or 31 July 1916.

He suffered some illness and on 25 November 1916 he was at 1/1 SMFA [probably South Midlands Field Ambulance] suffering from Diarrhoea having been admitted to 3CRS[1] on 22 November 1916. He rejoined his unit on 1 December 1916.

He seems to have had a further medical problem and was at ‘CRS IFA’[2] on 6 April 1917 but was back ‘to Duty’ on 20 April 1917.

On 7 June 1917 he was transferred to the 1st/8th Bn. RWarR, which had, on 13 May 1915, become part of the 143rd Brigade in the 48th (South Midland) Division and then on 7 September 1917 he was transferred again to 10th Bn., RWarR, which was in the 57th Brigade in the 19th Division, and was his final Battalion, where he served as No.307605, and this number was used for issuing his medals.

The 10th Bn. RWarR were involved in many of the actions in the 3rd Battle of Ypres in 1917: the Battle of the Menin Road Ridge (20 – 25 September 1917); the Battle of Polygon Wood (26 September – 3 October 1917); the Battle of Broodseinde (4 October 1917); the Battle of Poelcapelle (9 October 1917) and the First Battle of Passchendaele on 12 October 1917. Presumably Henry took part in and obviously survived all these. There was then a period of comparative calm before the Second Battle of Passchendaele which started on 26 October 1917.

From 14 October 1917 over the last few days before he was killed, the Battalion had been in the trenches, but had had a quiet relief. For the next few days they were in reserve and the days were ‘quiet’ – although ‘quiet’ typically meant that one or two men were wounded each day.

The 10th Battalion War Diary[3] noted:

Thursday 18 October – the Battalion were again ‘in trenches’ and were ‘lightly shelled’ throughout the day and night. ‘Posts & ground were generally in a very bad state.’

Friday 19 October – ‘At night the Battalion was relieved … Quiet but very slow. Relief reported complete at 4.50am on 20th. On relief Coys. proceeded to camp … (Beggers Rest).

Casualties: 3 killed.

Saturday 20 October – ‘Boys had baths. … Working parties in afternoon & evening.’

It seems that Henry Cowley was one of the ‘3 killed’ from the 10th Battalion on Friday 19 October. He was 34. The other two men were Private Carl Rudolf Wedekind, No.2536, aged 19, from Birmingham; and Private Arthur Morton, No.41676.

Their bodies were either never found or not identified. Henry and his two comrades are remembered on Panels 23 to 28 and 163A of the Tyne Cot Memorial. The Tyne Cot Memorial is one of four memorials to the missing in Belgian Flanders which cover the area known as the Ypres Salient. Whereas those who died before 16 August 1917 are remembered on the Menin Gate, the United Kingdom servicemen who died after that date are named on the memorial at Tyne Cot. Henry is also commemorated on the Rugby Memorial Gates in Hillmorton Road,

Henry Moses Cowley was awarded the British War and Victory Medals.

After his death the Army was instructed that his effects were to be passed to his mother care of H. L. Reddish (Solicitors), 6 Market Place, Rugby, and these were sent on to her on 17 April 1918.

Henry’s Administration was in London on 21 February 1918 to his mother, Anne Cowley, widow, now of Rockingham House, 111a, Clifton Road, Rugby in the amount of £137-0-7d. Various payments were made to his mother by the army: £3-10-10d and 12/2d owing in back pay was paid as £4-3-1d on 6 April 1918 and a further War Gratuity of £6-10s was paid on 15 November 1919.



– – – – – –


This article on Henry Moses COWLEY was researched and written for the Rugby Family History Group [RFHG] project, by John P H Frearson and is © John P H Frearson and the RFHG, July 2017.

[1]       CRS – Camp Reception Station – When away from the Front Line, the doctor’s post was known as the Camp Reception Station [CRS] or Medical Inspection Room [MI Room] and contained 2 – 6 beds for short term holding for those needing rest but not sick enough to be evacuated, see: https://www.ramc-ww1.com/chain_of_evacuation.php

[2]       Probably – ‘Camp Reception Station – 1st Field Ambulance’.

[3]       The National Archives, WWI War Diaries (France, Belgium and Germany), 1914-1920, Piece 2085/3, 10 Battalion Royal Warwickshire Regiment, July 1915-March 1919.

Hayes, George Hinde. Died 10th Oct 1917

George Hinde was born in Brinklow in 1884 and baptised there on 3rd August 1884. He was the second son of Charles and Elizabeth (nee Hinde) Hayes who married in 1881. Charles was an Agricultural labourer and in 1891 the family was living with Elizabeth’s father John W Hinde, a carpenter in Brinklow.

In 1901, the family was living at 51 Pinfold Street, New Bilton and George, his age wrongly given as 18, was a labourer at the cement works. By 1911 Charles was a gardener, living at 80 York Street Rugby and George (26) was still living at home. He worked as a railway carter.

By 1914 George Hinde Hayes was a shunter and driver at B.T.H. and joined the Territorials on 27th April. He arrived in France in April 1917 as Company Sergeant Major in the 7th Bn., Royal Warwickshire Regiment. He was wounded on 4th October 1917 at Paaschendaele and died on 10th of that month at no 11 General Hospital, Wimereux.

His Captain wrote:
“I am grieved to think that George has lost his life doing his duty to his country. As an officer of E Coy, I knew him well, and what an excellent N.C.O. he was, as well as a popular and cheerful comrade to all the other boys. I was not at all surprised to hear of his promotion to Coy. Sergt.-Major, as I know of his excellent qualifications for the appointment, and he is just the stamp of man I would have chosen for such a responsible duty myself.”

and his Coy. Quartermaster-Sergt.:
“We are sorry to lose your son, for he was always ready for duty, and the officers all join me in sympathy; we have lost both a good soldier and an ever-cheerful comrade.”

Coy.Sergt.-Major Hayes was awarded the military Cross, because when the advance was held up by a strong enemy machine-gun position, and all the officers became casualties, he took command, and crawled to a flank under direct fire from the post to a position from which he killed several of the enemy. He then led his men in an attack on the post, which he captured with ten prisoners and a machine gun; he showed splendid courage and initiative.

He was buried at Wimereux communal Cemetery. The inscription on his grave reads:

R. I. P.

He is also listed on the BTH War Memorial, together with his brother Frank Hinde Hayes, who died on 19th July 1916.



Lindley, Joseph. Died 5th Oct 1917

Joseph Lindley was born in Hampstead, London in 1875. His father, Henry Lindley, who was born in Holmfirth, Yorkshire, was a miner/subcontractor on the railway. In 1863 he had married Sarah Hibbert in Heaton Norris, near Stockport. Sarah was born in Chapel-en-le-Frith, as were their two older children, George (1865) and John (1867). Mary Ann (1869) and Arthur (1870) were born Marsden, Yorks and William (1872) in Watford, Herts.

Henry Lindley died in 1879 near Northampton and buried at Hardingstone. He was aged 42. It is not known what happened to Sarah, but in 1881 five year old Joseph was in the Wootton Union Workhouse, in Northampton, together with his sister Mary Ann (12) and William (9). Mary Ann died there a year later.

By 1891, William was a shop boy in West Ham, London and Joseph (16) was boarding at 94 Dunston Street, Northampton. He was a shoe finisher.

On 21st June 1897, Joseph Lindley, now working as a labourer, married Elizabeth Walton in Roade, Northants. By 1901 they were settled at 13 Little Pennington Street, Rugby, with two year old Joseph Thomas.

They were still at the same address in 1911, with Thomas and Mary Ann (8) who had been born in Roade. Joseph was working as a general labourer for Co-op Stores.

Joseph was 40 years of age and a van driver for Rugby Co-operative Society, when he signed up in June 1916. He joined the 1st Bn., Royal Warwickshire Regiment (private 20368) and proceeded shortly afterwards to the front. In Spring 1917 he was invalided home through illness and later returned to France. He moved via the 11th Bn., to the 16th and at the time of his death, 15th Bn. RWR.

This battalion took part in Battle of Polygon Wood (26 Sep – 3 Oct 1917). Perhaps this was where he was injured.

Joseph Lindley died of wounds on 5th October 1917, and was buried at Outtersteene Communal Cemetery Extension, Bailleul, Nord, France.

Outtersteene is a village about 5 kilometres south-west of Bailleul. In August 1917, during the Third Battle of Ypres, the 2nd, 53rd and 1st Australian Casualty Clearing Stations came to Outtersteene.

Joseph was aged 42, the same age his father had died.

Elizabeth Lindley died in Rugby in 1958. In 1939 she was living at 88 Rowland Street, Rugby with her unmarried son Joseph Thomas and her daughter Mary Ann Mace, who was also a widow.