14th Feb 1919. Rugby’s War Memorial, Big Meeting Favours a Soldiers’ Institute


If the tone of a public meeting held in the Empire Theatre, Rugby, on Sunday evening is any criterion of the feeling prevailing in the town, there is little doubt that Rugby’s war memorial will take the form of a club and institute for ex-service men. Mrs Arthur James presided over the meeting, which was attended largely by discharged and demobilised men, and the necessity for such an institute was eloquently set forth by all the speakers. Amongst those supporting Mrs James on the platform were Major J L Baird. C.M.G, D.S.O, M.P, Dr C R Hoskyn, Mr J J McKinnell, J.P, C.C, Major R Darnley, D.C.M, Messrs W Flint, C.C, C J Newman, H Yates, J Cain, Mr and Mrs van den Arend, Mrs West, etc.

In opening the proceedings, Mrs James referred to the pleasure it gave her to preside at that meeting, which had been called to give expression to the heartfelt wish of the Rugby men who were now returning, their warfare ended, and their work well done. These men were desirous of holding together. They had learned what fellowship meant in their days of trial, and now, in happier days, they still desired to hold together. For this purpose an Association had been formed. It was co-operative, self-governing, and based on the broadest lines, independent of party politics and creeds. It has a membership of over 700, and 150 new members joined that morning (applause). There was an urgent need, therefore, for adequate premises. At the end of last year, Mrs James explained, she called together a committee representative of all classes and interests in the town, and as a result temporary premises, consisting of a club room and a room for the Welfare Bureau, were provided at the Eagle Hotel. These were insufficient for the purpose, however, and it was necessary that the Association should have a permanent building. It had, therefore, been suggested that part of the money raised for the war memorial should be devoted towards building and equipping a club, and, if possible, a hostel in which men temporarily living in Rugby could be boarded and lodged. The first point which naturally arose was that of the site, and in this connection she mentioned that for some time she had been anxious to give a memorial to the town of Rugby in memory of her late husband. She consulted Mr McKinnell on this, and he informed her that the most pressing need of the men was an assembly hall. She accordingly bought a site at the corner of James Street and Albert Street, and on this she proposed to erect a hall. This hall, however, would not cover the whole of the site, and should it be acceptable she would be glad to offer a part of this plot (applause). These proposals had already been laid before the Urban District Council, who had approved of them, but the whole idea would have to be submitted to a meeting of townspeople, whose decision would be final. It was now for the discharged sailors and soldiers to prove to the people of Rugby that they really needed this Institute.

The need for the Institute was ably put by Mr Cain, Chairman of the Association. He said the Trades and labour Council were instrumental in forming them two years ago, and that body look a great interest in them in the beginning. The Association proved a rather unruly child, however, and he was afraid the Trades Council, like most parents, did not like to keep on with a child who did not see exactly eye to eye with them. They then numbered about 200, and the men who were discharged as physically unfit slowly drifted in. Fortunately they were able to enrol two members who had considerable influence in the town, and from that day they started to make progress. They had heard that that day they enrolled 157 members, and the previous Sunday they enrolled 53. The result was that their accommodation was insufficient. The chief object of the Association was to keep alive the spirit of comradeship amongst the men who had been out to fight. People talked of such far fetched ideals as the Brotherhood of man, but the spirit animating the discharged soldiers was something more sublime. This spirit could not be understood by those who had not served in the trenches. It was this spirit which had urged men to give their lives to save the life of a comrade ; it had urged men many a time when they were on short rations, and had an empty stomach, to give a crust away rather than eat it themselves, as they were strongly tempted to do. These men had got a spirit of their own and a code of their own, and this was why it was necessary that they should be banded together. Then there were their interests to be looked after, such as pensions and gratuities, and last, but not least, they had the widows and orphans of men who had made the supreme sacrifice to look after. It was impossible for these people, many of whom did not know to what they were entitled, to look after themselves. Of late they had set apart Monday nights for hearing the grievances of widows and dependents, and already they had been successful in remedying some of these grievances. This all went to foster a good spirit in the district. There was a spirit of unrest abroad, and they did not wish this to be communicated to the Association. If the Institute was not erected as the town’s war memorial, the Association was sure of getting one, although they might have to wait a little longer. However, the lack of adequate premises was seriously handicapping their work, and for this reason he urged all to support the resolution which would be put before them.

Major Baird then addressed the meeting in support of the proposal, and said an Institute such as that proposed would not serve merely as a rallying point for discharged sailors and soldiers, but it would be able to help widows and orphans to get their due, and help also the men to obtain the allowances and pensions. The Government was daily improving the organisation in London for dealing with such matters, but there was an immense lot still to be done, and they would never get the organisation so perfect that it would work without the co-operation of the people directly concerned in the districts. He was greatly indebted to Mr Cain and his Association for the information and assistance they had given to him at his request in regard to cases which had been brought to his notice, and he hoped that between them they had done some useful work. That alone appeared to him to justify every citizen, male and female, giving their utmost support to the Association.

With regard to their War Memorial, it seemed to him that any memorial which failed to recognise specifically what they owed to the Navy, Army, and Air Forces would be singularly inappropriate to the object which they had in view. After all, of all the wonderful things which had happened during the past 4½ years, of all the marvellous developments and self-sacrifice they had seen in the country, there was nothing more remarkable than the growth of the British Army. They knew their Fleet was invincible ; they knew that they were a manufacturing nation, which could turn its hand to any form of manufacture and produce results, second to none, but what they did not know, and what no one would believe, was that they could produce in four years the best Army in the world, an Army better organised, better equipped, and a better fighting machine than the Continental Armies which were the result of generations of military tradition (applause). They must never forget that. There was all the more need for a tangible memorial from the determination which they had all formed that, so far as it lay within their power, no stone should be left unturned to secure that in the future a cataclysm such as mankind had just passed through, must not be repeated ; that if the nations disagreed, their disputes must be settled in ways different from the barbarous methods employed during the past four years. Nowhere was this feeling more strong than among those who had been out and fought. Could anything measure the magnitude and extent of the debt which they owed to their Army ? Was there anything they could do which would hand on to those who cane after them a clear appreciation of the incredible efforts and sacrifices that the Army had made ? It was not merely a professional Army ; the nation was the Army, and the Army was the nation (applause). Was there anything they could do which they could afford to leave undone ? In his opinion they could not possibly do enough to show their gratitude and respect for those who went out and fought for them and won the war (applause). Therefore, any memorial they might desire to erect should be something that the soldiers would appreciate. Such a one was the sort of place described by Mr Cain—an Institute where the men could foregather, where they would instinctively and automatically go for advice and assistance, and where they could hold meetings to celebrate the great days in the history of the local regiment.

SUCH AN INSTITUTION WAS WANTED, and they would never have a more appropriate opportunity for providing it, and he should, therefore, exert all his influence to endeavouring to persuade any—if there were any—who did not share these views. As Mr Cain had said, people who had not served could not possibly understand the bond of union which bound together men who had fought side by side. There was one thing every one of them who had been out there realised—there was not one who could not look back upon some moment when he had to make up his mind and take a decision—Which would he do ? There was the easy thing and there was the difficult thing, and the majority chose to do the difficult. That was why they won the war. He wanted this spirit kept alive, and for the boys of the future, the sons of the soldiers of to-day, to be proud of the fact that their father is a member of the Institute, and to look forward to the day when he goes there to take part in the celebration of some victory in which he had his share (applause). The regimental spirit was utterly and absolutely opposed to what was commonly known as Militarism. They had fought against militarism and had beaten it, and they had beaten it because of

THE REGIMENTAL SPIRIT, which he could only liken to the spirit which imbued a school football team, although the football simile was absolutely inadequate to convey the intensity and keenness of the feeling which necessarily inspired men who had served together in the same unit. The eight regular and Territorial battalions of the Warwickshire Regiment had been expanded to 26 battalions during the war, but that by no means covered the effort put forward by Warwickshire. Warwickshire men had served in innumerable regiments and innumerable branches of the service, and there was not a single theatre of war in which Warwickshire men had not played a prominent, an honourable, and a glorious part (applause). What did that mean ? How did the war end ? It began to finish when they started pulling to pieces the compact machine which Germany had forged in her fight against civilisation. Who started that pulling to pieces procedure ? The British Army, and no one else. It started in Salonika, it went on in Palestine, and it was continued in Mesopotamia. With regard to Salonika, they would find that the magnificent effort of the Serbians—and nothing more splendid had been done in the war—would not have been possible unless a relatively small British force had held in check the bulk of the Bulgarians and Turks, so that the Serbians could break through the line which was thinned in sections. In Mesopotamia, British and Indian soldiers did the whole thing, and in Palestine, though their French Allies and a few Italians were represented, the overwhelming bulk of the forces was British, and the Commander-in-Chief was one of the finest British Generals any man could serve under. He referred to Gen Allenby (applause). That was what started the victory ; that part was played by the British Army, in which Warwickshire men took a glorious part. Therefore, he asked them to ensure that when they put up a memorial worthy of Rugby, the main feature of it should be an Institute worthy of the men in whose honour they intended to erect it (applause).

Major R Darnley, D.C.M, also spoke, and reminded the gathering that 4½ years ago, when he was doing recruiting work at the Drill Hall, the greatest difficulty was to drive men away and tell them to “ Come to-morrow.” The greatest number recruited in one day was 305, and by September 17th the number who had passed through the Drill Hall was 5,800. They could not all get into the Warwickshire Regiment, but when they heard that the County Regiment was closed they did not despair or say they would wait until it was open, but they said at once, “ Anything you like ; let’s get at them ” (applause). These lads had done a lot for the country, and the least Rugby could do was to do something for them (applause) ; and he hoped they would obtain this institute, and thus preserve the same harmony in civil life as prevailed in the various battalions. For this reason he asked them all to strive to further the scheme suggested.

Mrs West also gave her support to the proposal, and, in doing so, mentioned the great assistance the association had given her in carrying out the Government pension work in Rugby. She considered that their war memorial should consist of something which would help the soldiers who were returning, and at the same time would be worthy of those who had made the great sacrifice. Above all, she hoped there would be no quarrelling over the form the memorial should take. It would be a most grievous mistake if there was any quarrelling or any ill-feeling about it ; and she therefore, strongly appealed for unity on this point.

Mr F van den Arend then moved :—“ That this representative meeting of discharged and serving members of H.M Forces, together with those interested, is unanimously of opinion that a club and institute should form a part of Rugby’s War Memorial.” It was not a question, he said, of whether there should be a club and institute or not, but whether it should be a part of the War Memorial. Even if they did not provide such an institute as a town war memorial, he did not think the association would have to wait very long for one, because he believed there were sufficient public-spirited men in the town to put up the necessary money (applause). The memorial should be worthy of the men who had fought and worthy of the town. It was not simply a question of putting a few bricks and some mortar together on the cheap. They must have the most magnificent stone and building material that had ever been seen within 50 miles of Rugby (applaud). They must make the building material suit the materiel which went out and fought for them (applause).

In seconding, Mr G Cooke said it was absolutely necessary that freedom of thought and freedom of action should be allowed in the institute.

Dr C R Hoskyn followed with a characteristically racy address. “ I won’t address you as gentlemen,” he began, “ but as men. I know you are the finest gentlemen that ever lived, but also know you as men. I have cursed you coming out of the ambulance ; I have cursed you when you tried to ‘ swing the lead ’ (laughter), and I cursed you on the Somme when many of you thought you had got shell shock (renewed laughter). I have seen you under the worst conditions, and I have seen you—although you may not know it—when you were at your very best. I have seen you go over the top once, and you looked very funny—much worse than when you were going to an operating theatre. You did not look at your best then, but when you came back muddy, wet and cold, that was when you looked at your best.” Dr Hoskyn then referred to several criticisms he had heard in the town regarding the proposed institute, and he advised the members to find out who started these mis-statements and smash them. Then they should ensure that every discharged and demobilised soldier and those who were ” demobilised on the reserve ”—he did not know what it meant, nor did he suppose Major Baird did, but they could not get their pension or gratuity, and heaven only knew what they could get—should join their association.

The resolution was carried unanimously, and the meeting closed with the “ National Anthem,” after a vote of thanks had been accorded to Mrs Arthur James for presiding, and Mr Morris for the use of the hall, on the proportion of Mr J J McKinnell, seconded by Mr C J Newman.

THE MEMORIAL WINDOW.—The Parish Magazine for February gives a detailed description of the artist’s design for the memorial window. The window consists of five “ lancets ” or lights. The central lancet, beginning at the bottom, pictures the Incarnation, the Christ Child and His Mother. In the centre comes the Crucifixion, and over it the words : “ In hoc signo vinces,” (In this sign thou mayest conquer.) The top picture represents the living glorified Christ. On either side is St Michael, the Archangel of Justice, and St Gabriel, the Messenger of Peace and Goodwill. The three figures represent the ideals we have been fighting for, viz, Justice, Righteousness, and Peace. The first light, beginning at the top, represents Alfred the Great, the real founder of England’s national greatness ; St Nicholas, the Patron Saint of Sailors, and St Edmund, the Martyr King of East Anglia. The second light represents our own Royal Saint, Oswald, with a wooden cross in his hand, which in obedience to a vision before the Battle of Hexham he used as a standard for his army. Underneath it St Leonard, the Patron of Prisoners and Captives. The fourth light represents St Alban, the first Martyr in Britain to give his life for his religion, and underneath St Stephen, the first man in the history of the Church to lay down his life for his faith. The fifth light (to illustrate our connection with our brave Allies the French) gives St Louis, St Martin, and St Denis (all French Saints). At the bottom of each light are the four Patron Saints of Great Britain—St George of England, St Andrew of Scotland, St Patrick of Ireland, and St David of Wales. The Cross in the central light is represented as a tree, its branches stretching out through all the window, illustrating the truth that all acts of heroism, nobility, and self-sacrifice have their source from Him, who said, “ Greater love hath no man than this that a man lay down his life for his friends.”

A parish meeting was held in the Village Hall on Tuesday to discuss the question of erecting a permanent memorial to the men of Dunchurch and Thurlaston who have laid down their lives in the war. Considerably over 100 people were present, and Mr Wm Butlin (chairman of the Dunchurch Parish Council) presided. It has been felt in Dunchurch for some time that a hall and buildings for social purposes are very badly needed, and there was a strong feeling that a Memorial Hall which would meet this need might possibly be erected. But at the opening of the meeting it was announced that Mr S J Waring intends to build a hall, etc, in the village which will meet all the social requirements of the inhabitants. It was decided to send a very hearty vote of thanks from the parishioners assembled to Mr Waring. The form of the War Memorial was then discussed very thoroughly, and after a number of people had spoken on the subject, a committee was appointed consisting of 21 members, four ladies being included, to consider the following schemes and report to another parish meeting at an early date :—(1) The erection of a Cross on the village green. (2) The erection of a statue in the village. (3) The erection of a Cross in the Churchyard. The meeting agreed that in addition to one of the above, some form of memorial be placed in the church, and a brass tablet inscribed with the names of the dead, in each of the places of worship. The meeting was informed that two memorials will be erected to the old boys of Dunchurch Hall who have fallen in the war.


For the Rugby School War Memorial a sum of £50,000 has been subscribed. The first charge upon this fund is the education of sons of fallen old Rugbeian officers, at Preparatory Schools, and subsequently at Rugby. The second object is the erection of a visible memorial in the School grounds. No final decision has yet been made as to the form which the building will take, but general opinion inclines to (1) a small Memorial dispel attached to, but not a part of, Rugby Chapel, and connected with it by a Cloister ; and (2) a Memorial Cross near the cross roads outside New Big School. These projects are being considered by Committees of the Fund. When these two objects have been fully provided, it is proposed to draw upon any balance that may be left for the educational assistance of sons of Old Rugbeians who have suffered financially by reason of the war.

Rugby School has just issued a new edition of a War Register, giving in detail the service, of over 3,100 of her sons. The numbers of killed and missing are 635, and the total casualties 1,700. There are 2,231 War Honours, comprising 1,057 Decorations and 1,264 Mentions in Despatches. Rugbeians are invited to obtain a copy from the School bookseller, so that entries may be checked for a complete and final edition.


A repatriated prisoner, Pte Hope, R.A.M C, has furnished Mrs T S Townsend with several details which throw further light on the fate of Capt T A Townsend, M.C, R A M.C (only son of the late Mr T S Townsend, Clifton Manor), who has been missing since the German offensive of March 21st last. Pte Hope, who was one of the gallant Captain’s stretcher bearers, states that Capt Townsend was badly wounded in the abdomen, and when the Germans came up he was left behind, as he was believed to be dying. When they reached the enemy lines, however, the Colonel persuaded a German officer to take a stretcher party to bring Capt Townsend in. News has also been received, from an indirect source, to the effect that Capt Townsend died after teaching the German hospital.


Fred Davis, a well-known jockey, of Hillmorton, has just returned home from Germany. He was one of the first Englishmen to be interned at Ruhleben. His captivity thus beats every record for duration. “ You see, I’ve had no trouble to keep down my weight,” was his first remark. Davis, who was trained at Mr Reginald Day’s stable at Newmarket, was riding for Mr Robert Utting, of Hamburg, when war broke out. In 1913 he finished second on the list of successful jockeys in Germany, being only beaten by the American jockey Archibald.

In Hamburg, at the beginning of August, 1914, Davis was told by the local authorities that British subjects were given 48 hours to clear out. He did all he could to get away, and after getting his papers in order he was awaiting a train to take him out of Hamburg to Denmark when he was arrested by an officer on the Hamburg Station platform. He found himself landed in Hamburg gaol, where 12 days’ solitary confinement gave him his first taste of German war manners. Then he was sent to an emigrant ship in the harbour for two months, and later to Ruhleben, where he remained until the camp was broken up by the revolution.

His story of Ruhleben is that it was hell until the American Ambassador, Mr Gerard, visited the place, and gave the Germans a piece of his mind. From that moment parcels arrived, and prisoners were no longer forced to work, though every now and then money was offered to them if they would consent. Needless to say, they refused. Davis spent most of his time woodcarving.

The camp officers were insulting according to the tide of German military success. When there had been a victory somewhere they abused their prisoners in the most shameful Hun fashion, “ British swine ” being their mildest epithet. When Germany suffered a reverse it was the old “ Kamerad ” song once more. British imperturbability got the better of both attitudes. At Ruhleben there were no “ food ” conditions at all, as there was no food to speak of.

Davis added, “ My former employers in Hamburg acted quite decently to me after I left camp, and gave me a glowing certificate, but added that they did not think there would be any chance of employing English jockeys or any jockeys at all in Germany for the present.” He intends to ride in this country when the flat racing season commences.


Owing to wartime restrictions on private motoring, the discouraging and obstructive influences of bad weather and worn roads upon cyclists and the lack of vehicular facilities, few people have had an opportunity of seeing what has been happening to the famous Avenue on the London Road during the past few months. Our readers will recollect that the Duke of Buccleuch in the autumn of 1917 arranged with the Warwickshire County Council to transfer to them his interest in the avenue of firs and elms along the road from Dunchurch to Knightlow Hill, on condition that the Council assumed the care and control which had hitherto been exercised by his Grace. A suggestion had been previously put forward by the Rugby Advertiser that the Avenue should be preserved as far as possible as a picturesque feature of the landscape. and also as a memorial to the troops of the 29th Division which passed along the road when reviewed by the King prior to their departure to the Mediterranean, where they were destined to win immortal fame—and, sad to say, were grievously decimated. This suggestion was eventually adopted by the County Council, and a Sub-committee was appointed to inspect the Avenue and report as to the condition of the trees and the best means of maintaining it.

It was obvious that most of the elm trees which lined the road from Blue Boar to Knightlow Hill had seen their best days and were likely to be dangerous to passing traffic ; and in stormy weather disastrous to the important lines of telegraph wires along each side of the road. This, in fact, had happened on several occasions. The Committee, after consulting experts from Kew and elsewhere, decided that it was advisable to clear off the whole of these trees and replant the avenue with young ones of various kinds, devoting a section to each variety ; and that the memorial purpose should be recorded by a monolith to be erected on the triangular plot of turf at the intersection of the London and Fosse Roads, where the King stood and admired the troops of the 29th Division as they marched past.

In the early autumn of 1918 the trees were submitted as they stood to public auction, and were acquired by a timber merchant from Arley, near Atherstone, for £1,700, which was, in fact, the controlled maximum price. The work of cutting down was commenced at once, and before the end of the year every tree was lying low. The wide margins on each side of the road, strewed with the massive boles, the lop and top and other debris, presented a weird and regretful picture, conveying a mild idea, perhaps, of what has happened to many of the well timbered parts of France and Belgium.

But while the necessity for this effacement, as far as the elm trees were concerned, is realised, there exists a strong feeling among people residing in the district that the work has been carried out all too ruthlessly, and that a little more discrimination might have been exercised. Here and there, fine chestnuts, sycamores, and other sound trees added diversity and beauty to the Avenue. These did not appear to be dangerous, but unfortunately they are no longer in the picture.

The clearing away of the arcade and its umbrageous canopy gives one a better idea of the imposing width of the road, and as the hedgerows on the adjoining land are well timbered, the scene of desolation is not so painfully obvious as might have been expected. A ride down the road will still be a pleasant journey, and as years roll by and the new trees which are to be planted grow up, the vistas which present themselves will no doubt be quite as striking as they have been in the past.

By the terms of the sale the purchaser of the trees is allowed till October to remove them, and of course there will be no replanting till next autumn and winter. It has not transpired whether the sub-committee have decided to range the new trees along the old lines eight to ten feet from the edges of the metalled road, but before a decision is come to on that point we would suggest that a more irregular arrangement would be quite as picturesque and not so monotonous as the old straight lines were.

But there is another question to consider. The work of reconstruction is coming along in the country ; the main and trunk roads are to be made more suitable for the heavy transport traffic that is to be thrown upon them. This can only be done by relaying the surface with harder material—and more closely bound with tar or otherwise. Experience has proved that the smooth surface thus produced is not suitable for horse traffic—it as slippery and therefore dangerous—and there is a strong temptation for drivers to take to the side of the road to obtain a better foothold for their horses. Already the side paths which have been made along the London road have been cut up in this way, notably down the hill from Dunchurch to Woolscott bridge, where the path has been destroyed altogether.

Unless the farrier can devise some method of shoeing horses which will enable them to stand up on slippery roads it seems certain that special provision will have to be made where such surfaces prevail, and macadamised tracks on each side of the road exclusively for horse traffic are likely to form part of main road construction in future. There is space on the sides of the London Road between Dunchurch and Knightlow Hill for additional tracks, and the sub-committee, before making their final arrangements for replanting, should take this aspect of reconstruction into consideration, and not establish the new trees too near the metalled road.


SIR,—I wish to call attention to a long-standing grievance. It has been the same ever since I came to Rugby several years ago. It is the housing question. What are the powers that be doing about it ?

I think it would surprise those who have the matter in hand if a census of the town were taken of the number of married people who are having to live in apartments owing to the shortage of houses. I was discharged from the Army four months ago, and have searched in vain for a house ever since. I know several men in the same predicament as myself, both discharged and demobilised soldiers, and I consider it up to Rugby to get a move on and remedy the matter.

There is some talk of building a theatre. That in my opinion is a secondary matter. Let us have houses first, and you will then be doing some good to those who have been across the water and done their bit. We want no “ Wait and See ” in Rugby. That didn’t win the war. Let us have some Coalition promises realised.— Yours etc,


ELLIOTT.—In fond and loving memory of Lance-Corpl H. J. ELLIOTT, Rifle Brigade, who fell in action on February 12, 1917.
“ Could we have raised his dying head,
Or heard his last farewell,
The grief would not have been so hard
For them that loved him well.”
—From his sorrowing Mother, Dad & Brother.

10th Aug 1918. Remembrance Day


Sunday last, the fourth anniversary of the declaration of war, was observed by special intercession services throughout the country. At the various churches in Rugby and the villages around the congregations, despite the holiday exodus, were good.

In the afternoon a drumhead service, arranged by the members of the Rugby Branch of the Discharged Sailors’ and Soldiers’ Association, was held in the Lower School held, by permission of the Rev S R Hart, and was attended by several thousand persons.  The members of the association paraded in the Recreation Ground, and, preceded by the B.T.H Band, marched via Hillmorton Road, School Street, Sheep Street, and Church Street to the Lower School field. The service was very brief but impressive, and was conducted by the Rev C M Blagden (rector). The hymns, which were accompanied by the band, were :—“ Hark, my soul, it is the Lord ” ; “ Oft in danger, oft in woe,” and “ Eternal Father, strong to save.”

[Note: many other services were reported around the town]


“ B ” Company at the 2nd Volunteer Battalion, Royal Warwickshire, left their headquarters in good strength on the 4th inst, to join their battalion and the other battalions of the Regiment at a brigade camp in the South of England. In the unavoidable absence at the Commanding Officer and the second in command, Capt C H Fuller is in command of the 2nd Battalion during camp and Second-Lieut Wharton is in command of “ B ” Company. Sunday being Remembrance Day, the Rector of Rugby (Chaplain to the Company) attended at headquarters, and conducted a short service before the company moved off.


A comprehensive programme, including many unique competitions, diversions, and side-shows, has been arranged for the Grand Red Cross Fete at Clifton Manor on Saturday, August 31st.

In a letter to a friend, Gunner S Walton, R.G.A, who before enlisting was employed in the Advertiser Printing Works, says :—“ We arrived at Hong Kong last Tuesday, and, so far as I can see at present, I rather fancy I shall like the place. Any way, it is a pleasant change from the dusty plains of the Punjaub. . . . I found Will Spraggett (a former member of the Old Rugby Volunteers) at Hong Kong Hospital. He was looking very well. He wasn’t half-surprised to see me, I can tell you. He is a sergeant in a London Regiment.”

Pte W Smith, Northamptonshire Regiment (Rugby), has been reported killed in action, and Pte R L S Healey, Gloucester Regiment (Rugby), has been posted as missing.

Pte W E Howard, Northants Regiment, youngest son of Mr & Mrs S Howard, Long Lawford, is a prisoner in Germany. Before joining up in April, 1917, he was employed at the Rugby Portland Cement Works, and he had been in France almost a month when he was captured on June 27th.—Pte J Isham, Devonshire, son of Mr & Mrs F Isham, Leamington Hastings, is a prisoner at Langensalza, Germany, and Pte Bernard Keates, Wiltshire Regiment (Rugby), is interned at Limburg, and is suffering from wounds in the back and stomach.

The following Rugby men have been awarded the Military Medal for gallantry in the field :—Pte E F Head, R.W.R ; Driver F Calloway, F.R.A ; and Sapper J W Bartlett, R.E.

We are asked to state that Mr Bertram Shepherd, who formerly resided at Rugby, is now a prisoner of war.


The Military Cross has been awarded to Captain (Acting Major) M L Lakin, D.S.O, Hussars, Spec. Res., for conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty in operation whilst commanding a company of Tanks. He led his company across most difficult country, and successfully held up the enemy for ten hours. Later, when fighting on foot a rearguard action with Lewis guns, he remained behind the infantry, who had retired, for eight hours, inflicting severe losses on the enemy. Capt Lakin is the youngest son of Sir Michael Lakin, Bart, of Warwick, and is 37 years of age. He entered the Army in 1900, and served in South Africa. He attained his captaincy in 1908, and retired in 1911 ; but on the outbreak of the War he re-joined his old regiment, the 11th Hussars. He has been twice mentioned in despatches, and won the D.S.O in 1915. Before the War he was well known as a polo player and as a master of foxhounds in Ireland.


We are pleased to learn that Mr T S Townsend, of Clifton Manor, has, in response to an appeal he inserted in several daily papers for information as to the whereabouts of his son, Capt T A Townsend, M.C, R.A.M.C, received letters which justify the strongest hope that the missing officer is a prisoner of war, and, although badly wounded, still alive.

Pte M S B Shorrock, of the 1/20th London Regiment, writing from hospital in France under date August 2nd, says :—

“ I have read in the Continental edition of the ‘ Daily Mail,’ dated the 1st inst, your notice in respect of your son, Captain T A Townsend, M.C. R.A.M.C, who was medical officer to the battalion to which I belong, and under whom I have served as a stretcher-bearer on several occasions. The last occasion, however, was from the last day of November to December 6, 1917. Owing to illness, I regret I had not the good fortune to serve him during our engagement of last March. Nevertheless, I feel I am in a position to give you information which may prove of interest to you. A friend of mine, Pte Michael Foley, who, like myself, is a stretcher-bearer, and served your son, Capt Townsend, of whom I received a full account of the March offensive immediately on my return to the battalion, was actually with your son within a few minutes of his having been wounded and taken prisoner. The actual date on which Capt Townsend was taken prisoner on being wounded was on Saturday, March 23rd. and not on Sunday. March 24th, which latter date has apparently been officially reported to you. May I respectfully point out that your son could easily have escaped but for the fact that he was an exceptionally brave man and such a grand example for many. My friend has informed me that from the moment of the onslaught Capt Townsend worked most nobly and brilliantly. On the third day, however, both his corporal (Corpl Kelly, one of my dearest friends) and our Commanding Officer, Col Grimwood, were wounded, Capt Townsend immediately dressed each, and remained with them. Capt Townsend was wounded when the enemy was no considerable distance away. Previously to his having been wounded he was seen to perform a most conspicuous act of gallantry in face of the enemy. I am somewhat dubious of giving you details of this particular act owing to the censorship restrictions. Perhaps I may have an opportunity of communicating these details under somewhat pleasanter circumstances.

“ Now comes an item of extreme interest Corpl Kelly, to whom I have referred, states distinctly in a letter which he has sent through to one of our boys, that ‘There are here with me (in hospital) the M.O, Capt Townsend ; Pte Smith, ‘ B ‘ Company ; and Drummers (reserve stretcher bearers) Bridger and Roberts. We are all getting on slowly but surely !’

“ I am afraid that no one knows exactly whereabouts your son was wounded, but, however that may be, so it may not have proved possible for him to unite you.”

After promising to endeavour to obtain further information, the writer adds —

“ Your son proved himself marvellous in ‘ Bourion Wood,’ when he worked unceasingly under awful conditions. I never was able to understand however he managed to escape being gassed. No greater man ever attended the wounded and dying as did he on that never-to-be-forgotten occasion.

“ I fear there is nothing else I can add at present. I will again write you so soon as is possible. Meanwhile may you soon hear from your brave son.”

This statement is substantially confirmed by another letter Mr T S Townsend has received from Capt W T Cave, who was captured on the same day by the Germans, and who reports that Capt Townsend was in hospital at Cambrai on March 27th and 28th, badly wounded.


GENERAL regret is felt in this village at the death of Pte Fred Barnwell, of the Marines, which took place in hospital last week-end. Pte Barnwell, who was 31 years of age, worked for many years at Bawnmore, and afterwards for Messrs Willans & Robinson, till he was called up about nine months ago He went out to France about the middle of July, and had only been there a few days when he was returned to England with serious heart trouble. Other complications set in, his friends were sent for, death taking place not long after their arrival. He was the main support of his widowed mother, Mrs Barnwell, of Lawford Road, Bilton, and was a great favourite in the village, being a member of the Working Men’s Club, the Cricket and Football Clubs, and for many years a chorister at the Parish Church. At village entertainments Fred Barnwell’s songs were usually a feature and very popular, and he was always ready to lend a helping hand to any useful work. The sympathy of the whole parish is extended to his mother and his fiancée, who was making preparations for their future marriage.

The remains were brought home for internment, and the funeral took place at the parish church on Thursday. The coffin, covered with many beautiful floral tributes, was borne by six members of the Bilton Brass Band, of which deceased was formerly a member. The Burial Service was read by the Rector, the Rev W O Assheton, R. D, and hymns were sung by the choir in the church and at the graveside.

Representatives of the various village institutions, to which the deceased belonged, followed the relatives in the cortege, and the church was filled with parishioners and friends anxious to show their sympathy and respect. Blinds were drawn at most of the houses. In the evening a muffled peal was rung on the bells, deceased having been one of the band of ringers.

PRISONER OF WAR.—Mrs R Collins has received news that her husband, Rifleman R Collins, 2nd Battalion, rifle Brigade, who has been missing since May 27th, is a prisoner of war at Frankfort.

LIEUT WILFRED COLEMAN WOUNDED.—Mr & Mrs T P Coleman, of Marston Hall, have been notified that their son, Lieut Wilfred Coleman, has been wounded again. When war was declared he was a member of the 3rd Troop of the Warwickshire Yeomanry, and was called up at once. He went out to the Dardanelles in April, 1915, where he was wounded. His next active service was in Egypt, where he soon met with promotion, and afterwards rose to sergeant. Here he saw much fighting. For his good work he was offered a commission, and after training in Egypt went to Palestine, where again he helped to rout the enemy on numerous occasions. His parents were looking forward to his home-coming, but he was sent to France, although he had been fighting for so long. He is now in hospital in France, wounded in the hand, head and neck, but is making good progress.

PTE G BOSTOCK.—Mr & Mrs Arthur Bostock have received news from the War Office that their son, Pte G Bostock, of the Machine Gun Corps, has been killed. It is now nine months since his parents were notified that he was missing. He joined the Army more than three years ago, and saw a lot of fighting in France, where he was previously wounded. Deceased was a finely built young man, and before joining the Army was a respected employee of Mrs W Eales, grocer, of Coventry. Much sympathy is felt for his parents, who are respected inhabitants, and have resided in the parish for many years.

AEROPLANE DESCENDS.—The landing of an aeroplane in the parish on Wednesday afternoon caused considerable excitement, hundreds of people rushing to the spot. Fortunately the pilot was unharmed, though Dr Ormerod was quickly on the scene in case his services were needed. The machine; which sustained little damage, was guarded by volunteers until it could be got away again.


The limit of weight for parcels for prisoners of war has been raised from 10lbs to 15lbs each. The Rugby Prisoners of War Help committee are now despatching to all Rugby and district men through the Regimental Care Committees of each man’s unit one 15lbs parcel per week, instead at three 10lb parcels every fortnight The weight of food will, therefore, remain the same, but there will be a considerable saving in the cost of parking materials as well as labour. The usual bread parcels will be maintained.

The cost of the new parcels will 15s each, or £3 every four weeks, and an additional 7s 6d per mouth for bread ; thus the cost to provide for each man is now £3 7s 6d every four weeks, or £3 13s per calendar month. The total cost of the food parcels for all the men on the Rugby Committee’s list now exceeds £400 a month, all of which has to be raised by voluntary subscriptions.

This week’s parcel contains : 2lbs of beef, ½-lb vegetables, 1lb tin rations, ½lb tea, 1lb tin milk, ½-lb dripping or margarine, 1lb tin jam, 1½lbs biscuits, 1 packet Quaker oats, grape nuts or milk pudding, 50 cigarettes, 1 tin sardines, 1 tablet soap, 1lb tin herring, 1lb beans, ¼lb cocoa, ½-lb bacon.

Next week’s parcel will consist of : 1½lbs biscuits, ½-lb cocoa, 1lb milk, 1lb Lyle’s syrup, 1lb rice or dates, 1 small potted meat, 1 tablet soap, 1lb tin rations, 1lb tin sausages, 1lb sugar, 1lb suet pudding, ¼-lb chocolate, ½-lb tin veal, ham or beef, 1 packet Quaker oats, grape nuts or milk pudding, 2ozs tobacco, 1lb cured beef.

Relatives and friends who would like a parcel sent in their own names to local prisoners of war should send the cost of same, i.e. 15s, to the Hon Organising Secretary, Mr J Reginald Barker, 9 Regent Street, Rugby, who has undertaken this special service in the hope of maintaining the “ home-touch ” with the prisoners.

Correspondents should in every case quote the regimental number, rank and battalion of the prisoner in whom they are interested.


At a meeting of this committee, held on Thursday in last week, there were present : Messrs T A Wise (chairman), H Tarbox (vice-chairman), Mrs Dewar, Mrs Shelley, Mrs Townsend, Messrs A Appleby, J Cripps, G Cooke, T Ewart, R Griffin, A Humphrey, C Gay, W A Stevenson, and A T Watson.

The Executive Officer (Mr F M Burton) intimated that the butchers had decided to take all imported meat for the week ended August 10th, and all English meat for the following three weeks.—Mr Cooke : I admire their decision. Everybody will be away next week.

The Executive Officer reported that the work in connection with the new ration books had now been completed, and the committee passed a vote of thanks to Mr J T Clarke and the ladies who had rendered voluntary assistance.

It was reported that the Housewives’ Committee had distributed the cheese handed over to them by the committee.—The Executive Officer stated that the Housewives’ Committee had been accused of making a profit out of the cheese by charging 8½d per lb for it, but that was the price they paid to the Food Control Committee. These accusations had been made, not by the people who had received the cheese, but by those who wanted to buy some and had been unable to do so.—Mrs Shelley said members of the Housewives’ Committee had been insulted by many people, who had said they were liable to be prosecuted for charging the extra ½d per lb.—The Executive Officer : It is not Government cheese.

It was decided to grant facilities to the committee arranging the Rugby Hospital Fete to obtain supplies for refreshments; and the Executive Officer was directed to make the necessary arrangements.

The Education Committee of the Co-operative Society wrote stating that the annual children’s treat was to be held on August 10th, and requesting the committee to allot 40lbs of fat to the Confectionery Department of the Society to make 2,000 small cakes for the children, and also to allow them ½-lb of tea.—The Executive Officer pointed out that all the fat was allotted, so that the committee could not allow the society an extra supply.—A member suggested that dripping should be used ; but the Executive Officer replied that coupons were required for this ; 1lb of dripping could be obtained for one coupon.—Mrs Shelley said the usual tea now had to be dispensed with ; but the committee wished to give each child a small cake, otherwise they would get very hungry.—The Chairman said the New Bilton children had their annual treat in his field the previous day, and he was very much struck by the fact that they all brought their tea with them ; even the smallest infant brought a small parcel.—It was decided that no additional fat could be allotted for this purpose ; but the committee agreed to offer the promoters permission to obtain sufficient tea for each child.

Permission was given to the committee of the Hillmorton Show and Sports to purchase 3lbs of tea for supplying refreshments.

The Executive .Officer reported that 15 licenses for the sale of meat without coupons were granted on the previous Saturday evening in respect of 274lbs of beef and 325lbs of brawn, suet, &c. This showed a decrease of 276lbs of beef and an increase of 225lbs of other meat.

“ WAR BREAD ” AND ITS EFFECT.—A searching enquiry into the effect of the war bread and flour on the general health of the population in typical industrial areas has been made by the Local Government Board, and the results are now under the consideration of the Minister of Food. The general deduction is the war bread and war flour are to be considered as only among the many factors affecting the health of the community. Other elements, such as the diminished supply of fats, the rationing of meat, and the scarcity and enhanced price of fruit and fresh vegetables enter into the calculation, and all have their effect on the general health. As far as bread and flour are concerned, the worst days are over.

WASPS AND FRUIT.—While there have been no general complaints this year as to the presence of wasps nests, reports have been received from one or two districts, in which it is said that nests appear to be rather numerous. It may be well, therefore, to remind leaders to keep a look-out for nests, and to destroy them by any of the well-known methods. There is so little fruit this year that it would be a pity if that little were to be eaten by wasps ; while, further, wasps’ nests in the harvest fields may at any time lead to serious accidents.

The date for returns of Registration Forms expired on the 31st ult, but a large number of owners of goods-carrying vehicles have failed to register. Another 14 days has, therefore, been granted, but particular stress is laid on the fact that if any owner fails to register he not only becomes liable to serious penalties, but will probably have his vehicles impounded, licenses cancelled, and petrol removed. All goods-carrying vehicles (except horse-drawn up to 15cwt load capacity) must be registered and permits issued for use thereof.


Not since the critical days of August, 1914, has there been such an exodus of holiday makers from Rugby as was experienced during the week-end. Many people, with a patriotism which is commendable, if hardly wise from a health point of view, have dispensed with their regular holidays since the beginning of the War, but the constant strain and stress of war conditions has been such that in many cases the only alternative to a break down in health has been a complete rest far away from all the worries, anxieties, and petty annoyances of business. This being so, a number of local businesses establishments closed on Saturday evening for the week ; while other traders suspended business until Thursday morning. The large works also closed on Friday for ten days, and this afforded many of the workers an opportunity, of which full advantage was taken, of accompanying their families on holiday.

The bookings at the L & N-W Railway were exceptionally heavy, Blackpool and North Wales, with about 250 each, attracting the largest numbers of visitors. Scottish, Irish, and South Coast resorts were also well patronised. Friday and Saturday were the two busiest days, and on Monday and Tuesday the local bookings were very heavy.

“ The busiest time we have had since the War started ” is the report of an official at the Crest Central Station. All the trains were packed to their utmost capacity, and the rush of passengers was reminiscent of pre-war excursions to Cleethorpes and other popular seaside resorts. Bookings to the West of England, London, Yorkshire, and Cleethorpes were exceptionally heavy ; but all through bookings to Scarborough and the North-East Coast watering places were suspended. Owing to the inclement weather, the number of short-distance tickets issued on Bank Holiday was rather below the average.


BARNWELL.—On August 2nd, at the Military Heart Hospital, Colchester, Pte. FREDERIC BARNWELL, 1st Battalion, R.M.L.I., aged 31 years.—“ Peace, perfect peace.”


ARIS.—In loving memory of Lance-Corpl. MARK ARIS, killed in action on August 6, 1915.
“ There is a link Death cannot sever,
Love and remembrance last for ever.”
—Fondly remembered by his loving Sisters and Brothers.

PURTON.—In loving memory of my dear son, Lance-Corpl. G. H. PURTON, late Oxon and Bucks L.I., who died of wounds in France on August 6, 1916 ; aged 24 years. Also of my dear husband, HARRY PURTON, who passed away on December 3, 1912 ; aged 43 years.
“ Can we forget them ?
Ah! no, never,
For memory’s golden chain
Binds us on earth
To them in heaven
Until We meet again.”
—From Mother, Ernest, Rose, and Violet.

REYNOLDS.—In ever-loving memory of my dear husband, Pte. HARRY REYNOLDS, who died of wounds received in action at St. John’s Ambulance Hospital, France, on August 12, 1917.—“ R.I.P.”—Sadly missed by his Wife and Children, Spencer and Eva.

27th Jul 1918. Rugby and District Food Control Committee


A meeting of this committee was held on Thursday afternoon last week, when there were present : Messrs T A Wise (chairman), H Tarbox (vice-chairman), Mrs Dewar, Mrs Shelley, Mrs Townsend, Messrs G Cooke, C Gay, J Cripps, A Humphrey, R Griffin, T Ewart, and J H Mellor.

The Chairman referred to the suggestion made by the Rugby Magistrates that the committee should provide price lists, and charge retailers a small sum for them and the Executive Officer (Mr F M Burton) was directed to write to the Commissioner for advise on the question,

Mr T E Smart, the representative of the Crick Rural Council, wrote stating that, as he had taken up land work under Sir Auckland Geddes’ scheme for men over 45, he wished to resign his position on the committee.—The Chairman expressed regret at this announcement and a cordial vote of thanks was. accorded Mr Smart for his past services.

At a recent meeting the Executive Officer was instructed to offer three cheeses which had been surrendered to the committee to the local hospitals, but only one hospital required one, and he asked for instructions regarding the other two.—It was decided to let the Institution have half a cheese, and the remainder is to be distributed by the Rugby Housewives Committee.

The Executive Officer reported that he had written to the Commissioner with reference to the frozen meat recently condemned by the local Medical Officer of Health. The Assistant Commissioner had replied that an effort was made to ensure that all frozen meat was inspected before being despatched from Birmingham. Since July 3rd the inspection had been made more thorough, and such an occurrence was less likely to happen in the future.

Mr Ewart reported that the potatoes purchased by a Yelvertoft baker for bread-making were absolutely unfit for use, and he suggested that permission should be obtained to dispose of them for pig food at the earliest opportunity. Several of the potatoes were produced, some of the samples having more than a dozen sprouts 3 or 4 inches long.—It was stated that application had been made for the purchaser to be compensated and this action was endorsed.

The Chairman stated that about a month ago the Executive Officer and his staff were accused of showing partiality in the distribution of sugar for jam. He (the Chairman) expressed his belief at the time that the charges were unfounded ; but the matter was referred to the Rationing Committee, and the person who made the accusations was asked to attend their meeting and to give the names of persons who he alleged had been improperly supplied with sugar. He declined to give any names, but he mentioned several specific instances where sugar was improperly allotted. These cases were investigated, and the committee was absolutely satisfied that there was no ground for the accusation, but that the allotment had been made in strict conformity with the scale and the details on the application forms. He accordingly wrote to the man asking him to withdraw the statements he had made, but so far no reply had been received.

The Foleshill Committee wrote asking the Council for support for a resolution protesting against the issuing of jam to enemy prisoners of war in view of the seriously restricted supplies.—The Chairman said Earl Stanhope recently stated in the House of Lords that only 1oz of jam per week was issued to each prisoner, and it seemed absurd to protest against such a small quantity.—No action was taken.

An application from the Chester Street canteen for 1cwt of sugar for making jam was granted.

Several applications for leave to change retailers were considered, as exceptional hardship was involved, and were granted.—The Executive Officer stated that about 20 people applied for such forms daily, but he refused to issue them because the applications were now too late.—Mr Gay enquired whether the resolution passed by the committee, in which they stated their determination not to consider any application received after July 6th, prohibited them from considering such claims in the future.—The Chairman : We have already broken that rule to-day.—Mr Mellor contended that that resolution referred to the block transfers, and had nothing to do with the individual applications, which should be dealt with in the usual way. He knew a young couple, who were registered at different shops, who were getting married, and he asked if a transfer would be allowed in such cases ?—The Chairman : It would be only common sense to grant such an application.—Mr Mellor : Common sense may enter into other applications also.—Mr Gay suggested that the Executive Officer should be instructed to issue forms to anyone who had a sufficiently strong case.—It was pointed out that it was only a week since a number of changes were sanctioned ; and Mr Humphrey expressed the hope that no more changes would be sanctioned until the present registrations had been completed.—It was decided that no further application should be considered, except on very strong grounds, for two months.

It was decided to grant permission to the Prioress of Princethorpe to receive a side of baron and a ham from America on condition that the rationing regulations were adhered to.

The committee expressed satisfaction with the way in which the Enforcement Officer did his work, and decided to support his application for exemption from military service.


The Minister of Food is releasing a quantity of poultry food which is to be rationed by means of committees throughout the country for the use of poultry of approved utility breeds. Those who desire to participate in the supply should note that their applications must be sent in by to-day, Saturday, July 27th.

Forms of application can be obtained from Mr P J McMicken, of 24 Acacia Grove, Rugby, who has been appointed poultry officer for No. 1 Area of Warwickshire and will be pleased to give all information.

WHITER BREAD.—Flour which will be put on the market shortly will provide lighter bread consequent on a further reduction in the percentage of extraction from the grain. The Wheat Commission is releasing more imported flour, which may be mixed with the G.R article to the extent of 20 per cent.


On and after to-morrow (Sunday, July 28), ham and bacon is to be sold without coupon, but it must be obtained from the retailer with whom the consumer is registered.

Each person will be entitled to not less than 8ozs. of bacon and 12ozs. of ham per week if demanded.

Supplementary ration books will cease to be available, and further instructions will be issued as to their future disposal.


Pte A S Horswill, son of Mr C H Horswill, of 48 Craven Road, who was reported missing twelve months ago, is now presumed to have been killed. He was an old Elborow boy, and for a time was a teacher on the Murray School staff, but at the time of his enlistment he was engaged at a school in Coventry. Besides being a talented teacher, he was a musician of considerable ability.

Pte C H Thatcher, R.W.R, who before joining the Army was employed in the L & N-W Railway Loco Sheds, has written from Italy to his mother, who resides at 20 Dale Street, as under :—“ You will have seen by the papers that we have been in again. It was a terrible time for the Austrians and for us. We defeated them after hard fighting, and they lost thousands of men. Our battalion captured about 500 prisoners. They (the Austrians) thought it was going to be a ‘ cake walk,’ but we were there waiting for them. They are rotters for fighting. We have won a very good name in Italy, and they were about five to one against us. The fight was in a big wood on the mountains ; but, thank God, we beat them off. We are the talk of Italy. It was hand-to-hand fighting, and as soon as the Austrians saw who they were fighting they lost all spirit. The Frenchmen fought well, and the Italians also are doing well. Don’t worry—we are winning.”


At about 11 o’clock on Thursday morning another fatal aeroplane accident occurred in the Midland area. Col Sparkes, of the Royal Air Force, had just commenced a flight, and when about 500 feet high his machine fell to earth and burst into flames. The heat of the burning machine was so intense that it was some time before helpers could extricate the unfortunate officer, and when they did so he was dead, the lower portion of his body having been terribly burned.


Mr H C Levis presided at the annual meeting held on Wednesday, July 17th. He said that the past year had imposed exacting demands upon the employees, and he could not speak too highly of their loyal and efficient co-operation. Of the employees who joined the Forces 180 had been killed in action or had died in service; 21 were missing and were believed to have been killed. In addition, 163 had been wounded. 13 were prisoners of war, and one was interned in Holland, making the total list of casualties 378. Of the 121 holding commissions 87 had been promoted from the ranks, 39 had been awarded special honours, 16 were mentioned in despatches, and 11 had been specially commended for services in the field. As stated in the last report, the company proposed to erect a suitable memorial to those who had died in serving their country. Sir C A Coffin, one of the directors and chairman of the Board of the General Electric Company of New York, had been awarded by the French Government the Order of Officer of the Legion of Honour in recognition of his energetic and fruitful work in connection with the French Red Cross and other kindred organisations ; and the Serbian Government, for the same reason, had likewise conferred upon him a similar Order for work in connection with Serbia. Another of the directors, Mr Owen Hugh Smith, for the past three years had given practically his entire time to work for the Ministry of Munitions, and also as one of the emissaries from Great Britain to America in connection with food problems. They welcomed as a valuable addition to the Board Lord Carmichael. They had on hand at the end of the year Exchequer and National War Bonds to the amount of £175,000. It would be interesting if they could make a statement relative to the character of the work they were carrying out. When, after the War, they could speak freely of those matters, he was sure the shareholders would be very well satisfied with what had been accomplished.


The Chairman mentioned that Capt T A Townsend, R.A.M.C, son of Mr T S Townsend, had been awarded a bar to his Military Cross for gallantly attending to the wounded of his own and neighbouring units under a heavy concentration at high explosives. The official account of Captain Townsend’s gallantry read.—“ Although twice wounded he refused to have his wounds attended to, and continued to dress the wounded under a continuous and heavy concentration of high-explosive and gas shells. Not only did he attend the wounded and gassed at his own unit, but rendered aid, under conditions at great difficulty, to wounded of neighbouring battalions, whose medical officers had become casualties. His complete disregard at personal danger and splendid devotion were a magnificent example to all.” The Chairman added that they all regretted that Mr Townsend had so far received no further news of his son. The action for which he had received this additional honour added to their knowledge of what a very gallant English gentleman Capt Townsend was. They all prayed that he had been spared, and that before long they would receive the good news that they might see him again, and they would then welcome him with the greatest gratitude for what he had done for his country. To Mr Townsend he would like to say how pleased the Guardians were to read of his son’s honour, and how they hoped that they might hear from Capt Townsend before long, and have the honour of shaking hands with him, for it would be a very real honour to shake hands with a lad who had done so gallantly, so bravely, and so nobly for his country.—Mr Townsend : Thank you, very, very much.

HERBERT WRIGHT DISCHARGED.—After 20 months’ service, Pte H T Wright, R.W.R. has now received his discharge through ill-health. He served first in Mesopotamia, then in India, from whence he was transferred to hospital in Bloemfontein. While in South Africa he located the grave of Sergt George French, who fell in the Boer War, and has brought home a photograph showing the memorial erected over it. He and his brother, John French, both fought in South Africa, and the latter was killed while on service in France in October last. They are the gallant sons of Mr & Mrs James French, of this village.

Labour Available for Farm Work.

WOMEN OF THE LAND ARMY, with 6 weeks’ training ; 38 Milkers, 38 Carters, and 114 Field Workers, also 171 unskilled Field Workers (14 days’ training). Others will be available as they leave the training centres. Applications should be made to the County Women’s Agricultural Committee (Miss Margesson, Room 43, 3 New Street, Birmingham), or to the local Hon. Secretaries, Lady Patterson, Bilton ; Miss Townsend, Kings Newnham ; or Mrs. Lister-Kaye, Stretton-on-Dunsmore.

WAR AGRICULTURAL VOLUNTEERS, many with agricultural experience, can be obtained on application to the Employment Exchanges.

INTERNED ALIENS. A number of able bodied men can be licensed for work on the land, including men who claim to have experience of agricultural work, or knowledge of motor implements, steam ploughing tackle, &c. Apply to the Labour Officer, 12, Northgate Street, Warwick.


A delightful entertainment was derived from the performance of “The Masqueraders ” Costume Concert Party at the Co-operative Hall on Wednesday evening, when about 800 people were present to support No. 3 R.F.A Cadet Officers from Weedon in their endeavour to raise funds for the Royal Artillery Prisoners of War Fund. During an interval Capt Doherty, who directed the performance, explained that they did not like to come for support to a town which so nobly helped a local Prisoners of War Fund, but their regiment was practically drawn from all over the world; and they, therefore, could not go solely to one district ; £2,200 was required per month to help their unfortunate brethren. The performance was bright and breezy, and the programme well varied. A capable company of ten artistes included Corpl Pollard, who, as Barrie Seddon, has won considerable distinction behind the footlights. As a mirth-provoker he made good in all items, and received able support from the others. Sentimental items formed a prominent part, and none of them was more popular than the duet, “The Battle Eve,” sung by Cadets Burns and Wallis. It was, as the title of the opening and closing choruses suggested. “ some ” show, and was admittedly the best of its kind given in Rugby for a long period. The patrons were very generous in their applause throughout the performance, which lasted upwards at 2½ hours.

HOSPITAL INFLUENZA CURE.—The deaths from influenza that have occurred have been almost invariably cases in which the patents were in a weak condition beforehand, or when the golden rule of at once lying up in bed has been disregarded. All sorts of remedies are popularly recommended. The hospital cure consists of bed, calomel, open windows, and a milk diet.


KENDRICK.—At Duston War Hospital, Northamptonshire, on the 16th inst. after a short illness (influenza-pneumonia), Private HAROLD KENDRICK, A.O.C, aged 33, beloved husband of Elsie Kendrick, 12 Victoria Avenue, New Bilton.


ALLSO.—In loving memory of our dearly-loved son and brother, LANCE-CORPL PERCY ALLSO, who was killed in action in France July 27, 1916, aged 23.
Two years have passed, our hearts still sore,
Day by day we miss him more.
His welcome smile, his dear sweet face,
Never on earth can we replace.
—From his loving father, mother, and family.

CRAWFORD.—In loving memory of CLEMENT ERIC CRAWFORD, of the 18th Canadians (late of Clifton-on-Dunsmore), who died of wounds in London July 23rd, 1917.
No one knows the silent heartache,
Only those can tell
Who have lost their dear ones
Without one last farewell.
Days of sadness still come o’er us,
Tears of silence often flow
When we think of the loss of our dear one
Just a year ago.
—From Mother, Dad, Brothers, and Sisters.

DICKEN.—In ever-loving remembrance of Lance-Corpl. SIDNEY HAROLD DICKEN, who died of wounds in France on July 20, 1916 ; aged 23 years.—“ We loved him in life, let us never forget him in death.”—From his sorrowing Father, Mother, Sisters, Brothers, and Elsie.

DUNKLEY.—In ever-loving memory of our dear sons, PERCY and HARRY, killed “ somewhere in France ” on July 25, 1916, and July 30, 1916.
“ No one knows the silent heartaches,
Only those can tell
Who have lost their loved and dearest
Without saying ‘ Farewell.’”
—From their loving Mother, Father, Brothers and Sisters.

HART-DAVIES.—Killed in an aeroplane accident on July 27, 1917, IVAN B. HART-DAVIES, Lieut. R.F.C. Always remembered by his old office staff, 3 Albert St.

HART-DAVIES.—In memory at LIEUT IVAN BEUCLERK HART-DAVIES, killed in aeroplane mishap at Northolt July 27th, 1917.—From old boys of 1st Rugby Troop, B.P. Boy Scouts, at home and abroad.

LEA.—In loving memory of Pte. EDWARD CROFTS LEA, 16th Warwicks, eldest son of the late James E. Lea, Denbigh Arm, Monks Kirby, killed in action in France on July 30, 1917.

PARNELL.—In loving memory of Corpl. JAMES PARNELL, 11th R.W.R., who was killed in action in France on July 23, 1917.
“ We do not forget him, nor do we intend ;
We think of him daily, and will to the end.
We miss him and mourn him in silence unseen,
And dwell on the memory of days that have been.”
—From his loving Mother, Sisters and Brother, and Alice.

SPENCER.—In loving memory of our dear son and brother, Signaller J B SPENCER (JIM), 11th R.W.R., killed in action July 22nd, 1917. “ In the midst of life we are in death.”—Always in the thoughts of his loving Mother, Father, and Brothers.

WAKELIN.—In loving memory of Lance-Corpl. C. H. WAKELIN, who was killed in action in France on July 26, 1917 ; aged 26 years.
“ His King and country called him,
The call was not in vain ;
On Britain’s roll of honour
You will find our loved one’s name.
We think of him in silence,
No eyes may see us weep ;
But ever deep within our hearts
His memory we’ll ever keep.”
—From his loving Mother and Father, Sisters and Brother.

13th Apr 1918. The New Man Power Proposals


By the New Man Power Bill, introduced in the House of Commons on Tuesday by the Prime Minister, it is proposed to raise the age for military service to 50 ; and in certain cases, such as medical men, to 55. Men of 45 to 50 to be taken for home defence, and ministers of religion for non-combatant service.

All exemptions on occupational grounds to be cancelled, and restriction of right of appeal to the medical grounds only.

Substantial combing out from Civil Service, munition works, mines, and a number of occupations. Tribunals to be re-organised.


Lance-Corpl T E Boyes, Oxford and Bucks L.I, who has been missing since August 16, 1917, is now reported a having been killed on that date. Prior to joining the Forces he was employed in the B.T.H Controller Factory.

Corpl A Ashmore, youngest son of Mr & Mrs Ashmore, 7 Oliver Street, Rugby, and formerly of Marton, 29th Machine Gun Corps, has been awarded the D.C.M for gallant conduct at Cambrai.

Gunner G H Mann, R.G.A, of 102 Oxford Street, has died in France of gunshot wounds in the right leg. Before he joined up two years ago, he was a painter in the employ of Mr J Young. He was 38 years of age, and leaves a wife and three children.

The news will be received with general regret in this neighbourhood that Capt T A Townsend, M.C, R.A.M.C, is reported as wounded and missing on March 21st. Capt Townsend returned to the Cambrai Sector on March 18th, after a fortnight’s leave. There is, of course, the possibility that he is a prisoner, but no further information is at present obtainable.


Wednesday was a sad day for Hillmorton, news being received that three soldiers belonging to the village had been killed in action, and another was posted as missing. Those killed are : Lieut Rathbone, Staffordshire Regiment, son of the late Mr W T Rathbone ; Sergt S Chambers and Pte Charles Chambers, sons of Mr W Chambers, farm bailiff. Lieut Rathbone was formerly employed in the London City and Midland Bank, and Sergt S Chambers was in the Rugby Co-operative Society’s Boot Department. Pte J Hart, son of Mr J Hart, Lower Street, is reported missing, and Pte T Griffiths son of Mr T Griffiths, Upper Street, has been gassed.


Mrs Chant, 43 Union Street, Rugby, has received news that her husband, Driver George Chant, R.F.A, has been killed by a shell which fell among a group of officers, men, and horses standing near the Brigade Headquarters. In a kind letter conveying information, the Brigadier-General writes :—“ I feel deeply for you and your young family in your great loss. It is a great loss to me also, Chant had been with me since the early days of the War, and I had the greatest confidence in him. He looked after the horses splendidly, and when I was busy with other things I felt I never need worry about them, and that Chant would do everything that was required.” Driver Chant, who was 38 years of age, was employed at the B.T.H when the war broke out. He was the first to volunteer from those Works, and went out at once on August 15, 1914, so that he had been all through the fighting. He previously served in the South African War, and gained two medals.


WOUNDED.—On Wednesday morning a letter was received from France, stating that Sergt W Cleaver, of the Hussars, was wounded in both arms during the recent fighting. Sergt Cleaver has seen eight years’ service, and this is the second time he had been wounded.


THE LATE LIEUT O W W H MEREDITH, R.F.A.—When the news reached Wolston that this young officer had lost his life, very sincere regret was expressed on all sides. During the seven years that his father, the Venerable Archdeacon T Meredith, was Vicar of Wolston, Lieut Meredith made scores of friends. His bright and cheerful disposition was shown alike, not only to those in his own social position, but also to the poorest of the inhabitants, and none more than these regret that so fine a young life should have been cut short. The sympathy of the inhabitants is freely expressed for his poor widowed mother, especially as it follows closely upon the death of her husband. Lieut Meredith was educated at Harrow School and Cambridge University. He distinguished himself in all Mechanical Examinations in London and at the Aerodromes of Castle Bromwich and Dartford. He received his wings July, 1917, and went to France in October last. On November 20 he was taking part in the attack on Cambrai. He left the ground at 7 a.m. with others of his Flight to support the advance of the Infantry and Tanks. The work they were engaged on was of the utmost importance, and they succeeded in doing it. Lieut Meredith was last seen shooting at German infantry from low down some five miles the other side of the lines. Owing to the fog and low cloud, nearly all the machines—there were 15 others from the same Squadron alone—got separated. The Commanding Officer of the R.F.C writes : “ It was to a great extent owing to the co-operation of our low-flying aeroplanes that we scored a marked success on the initial day. Lieut Meredith, fully realising the risk, gave his life in helping what was very nearly the biggest victory of the war. He was a gallant officer, an excellent and fearless pilot, very popular, and died a death which cannot but be a source of pride to all who were connected with him.”



OWING to delays in printing of forms application for sugar for home-made jam preserving, the last day for receiving these forms from the public has been extended to Saturday, April 13th. No forms of application can be accepted after that date.


No person may keep any food or meat card which does not belong to him or to some other person for whom he is authorised to buy food. For instance, he must not keep a card belonging to a person who has left the country, or joined H.M. Forces, or died, or gone into hospital or other institution. Anyone who has in his possession a card belonging to person who is no longer entitled to use it as a member of the same household, must return it to the Local Food Office at once, or if the holder of the card is in any institution, must send it to the head of the institution. It is an offence to keep such a card ; it is obviously an offence to try to use it to get an extra ration.

A person may not lend his card to anyone else or sell or give the ration he has bought on it to anyone else. This does not affect the sharing of food by members of the same household or guests or by persons taking common meals.

Rationing covers every kind of meat, including bacon and ham, poultry, game, venison, edible offal, sausages, bones, and all cooked, canned, and preserved meat, etc.

It is an offence to break any of these rules. The buyer as well as the seller is liable to prosecution.

Coupons for the purchase of meat rations must in all cases only be detached by the seller. Coupons detached by the holder of the card are worthless. Butcher’s meat can only be bought from the butcher with whom you are registered.


The work of classifying and grading is now proceeding, and due notice will be given of time and place where applicants may receive their cards.


As from May 5th a supplementary meat ration will be allowed to boys who on March 1st, 1918, were not less than 13 nor more than 18 years of age—i.e., to boys born after February 28th, 1900, but before, March 1st, 1905—except they are already receiving supplementary meat rations as heavy workers. Forms of application may be obtained at the Local Food Office after April 14th.


A person shall not deal in fish by wholesale either on his own account or on the account of any other person after the 10th of April, 1918, unless he has applied for a license as a wholesale dealer in fish ; or after the 1st of May, 1918, unless he is the holder of a license for the time being in force, granted by the Food Controller authorising him to deal in fish by wholesale. Every application for a license shall be made to the Secretary (Fish Supplies Branch) Ministry of Food, 14, Upper Grosvenor Street, W,1.

A person shall not after the 1st May, 1918, deal in fish by retail except in, about, or in connection with premises in respect of which he is the holder of a certificate of registration as a retail dealer in fish for the time being in force, granted by the Food Committee for the area in which the premises are situate, but this shall not prevent a dealer duly registered from selling from his cart in the ordinary course of business in the area in which such premises are situate.

Forms of application for registration may be obtained from the Local Food Office.

ENQUIRIES may be made at the Local Food Office between the hours of 9.30—12.30 p.m. and 2.15—4.30 p.m. Saturdays—9.30 to 12.30.p.m. Only.
F. M. BURTON, Executive Officer.


From the commencement of this week the country generally has been rationed, and no one will be able to buy meat or a meat meal without producing a card and depositing a coupon. It is desired by the Ministry of Food that people should be reminded that after May 5 bacon may only be bought at a shop where the buyer has previously registered his or her name, and that holders of meat cards who wish to use any coupon for the purpose of buying bacon after that date should immediately register their names at the shop of the retailer with whom they propose to deal. To-day (Sat.) is the last day for such action.

After May 5 only two coupons each person, instead of three per week, will be available for the purchase of butcher’s meat.

Any or all of the coupons will be available for the purchase of bacon or other meats. Increased supplies of bacon will be provided to meet the third coupon, which will no longer be available for butcher’s meat.

This arrangement is being made in order to utilise the additional supplies of bacon now being received from America, and at the same time diminish the call upon home-grown cattle during the months when their weight can be materially increased by fattening on grass.

Although it is too early yet to express an opinion as to the measure of success attending the Rationing Scheme which came into effect this week, the indications are that it is working smoothly. The butchers’ shops have presented almost a normal appearance, the blinds being raised so that the supplies of meat could be seen, and many householders are reaping the benefits of a more equitable distribution.


In the summary of regulations under the new Rationing Scheme published in our last issue the weight of tea allowed for each person weekly was by a typographical error put at 1¼oz. It should have been 1½oz.


British farmers as a body have responded admirably to the call of the Government for increased production, and the outlook for our corn crop is extremely encouraging. Unfortunately, the potato prospect is by no means so satisfactory. Up to the present it is doubtful whether as much land has been prepared for potatoes this season as last ; and it is hardly to be expected that the 1918 yield will be as large as that of the 1917 crop, which was well above the average.

The Prime Minister a few weeks ago appealed to farmers to grow more potatoes this year than last year, when, in response to his earlier appeal, the farmer beat all records of potato planting England and Wales. A certain number of large growers have been moved by the Premier’s recent message to arrange for the growing of more potatoes ; but this movement does not seem to be general.

As the Food Production Department points out, the situation is most serious. We need a million acres of potatoes in Great Britain this year to make the food situation safe, and only the farmers can give us this million acres. We want another million and a half tons of potatoes grown this year, apart from the allotment holder and gardeners’ crops and only the farmers can grow them. As things now look, there is reason to fear that we may be as much as 400,000 acres short of our probable requirements in potatoes during 1918. This must be prevented at any cost.

Many farmers have protested against the proposal that they should increase their 1918 acreage under potatoes because they have been unable to sell satisfactorily a large part their 1917 crop. The Ministry of Food has met them in this difficulty. On May 18, 1918, the Food Controller will purchase all sound ware potatoes in the United Kingdom for which the grower cannot otherwise find a market. The Food Controller will pay not less than £7 per ton for 4-ton lots free on rail.

These concessions in relation to the remainder of the 1917 crop should induce many hesitating farmers to increase their 1918 acreage of potatoes. The Ministry of Food has always guaranteed to buy at minimum prices of from £6 to £7 per ton all the crop grown on new land this year, and to pay a generous price for the remainder of the 1918 potato crop—prices for the latter being fixed by a Joint Commission of the Board of Agriculture and the Ministry of Food after visiting each area and taking evidence from the growers as to yields, cost of production, etc.


In view of the possibility that the preserving of eggs not produced by householders’ own birds might be considered an offence under the Hoarding Order, the Food Controller has issued a general license authorising any person to acquire eggs for the purpose of preserving them for use in his own household, provided that notice of the number eggs to be acquired and preserved is sent to the Food Control Committee for the district in which the person usually resides, and that the number of eggs so acquired does not exceed the number of eggs stated in such notice, or, if objection is taken by the committee to the number stated, the number permitted by the committee. A Food Control Committee has power to reduce the number proposed if they think it necessary, after taking into consideration the size of the household and the quantity of supplies available in their district. Subject this reasonable limitation. Lord Rhondda wishes to encourage the preserving of eggs for use in the household during the winter months.

RESCUED FROM DROWNING.—On Wednesday in last week two Rugby boys—John Bull, son of John Overton, 7 New Street, and Alfred Pickering, of the same address—were playing near the river at Newton, when Bull fell into the water. A soldier belonging to the R.F.C was attracted to the spot by the shouts of Pickering, and he at once jumped into the river and brought Bull to the bank in an unconscious condition. Artificial respiration was successfully applied, and the boy was conveyed to his home in a float lent by Mr S Nicholas, of St Thomas’ Cross.


BICKNELL.—LANCE-CORPL. A. BICKNELL, killed in action about April 2nd, son of Mr and Mrs Arthur Bicknell, of 123 Oxford, Rugby, aged 30 years.

CLEAVER.—April 9, 1918, CHARLES RICHARD CLEAVER, the beloved husband of Bertha Amy Cleave, of 27 Victoria Street, Bilton, Rugby.

ELSON.—Pte. ALFRED WILLIAM ELSON, 1st Hants. Regiment, died of wounds on April 6th in France, son of Mrs. Anderson, 39 Pinfold Street, Bilton.
“ He sleeps not in his native land,
But ‘neath a foreign sky,
Far from those who loved him best,
In a hero’s grave he lies.
Some day we hope to meet him ;
We know not when.
We shall clasp his hands in the Better Land,
Never to part again.” R.I.P.
—Deeply mourned by his Mother, Wife, Brothers and Sisters.

HAY.—PRIVATE DOUGLAS HAY, of the 1/4th Yorks & Lancs. Regt. son of Mrs Hay, of Murray Rd., Rugby. Killed in action March 18th, 1918.

LINNELL.—On April 8th, 1918, at No. 9 General Hospital, Rouen, of tetanus from wounds received in action, WILLIAM HENRY LINNELL.


BURTON.—In loving memory of MONTAGUE (MONT) BURTON, who killed in action on April 10, 1917.
“ We have lost him, we who loved him,
And, like others, must be brave ;
For we know that he is sleeping
In a British soldier’s grave.”
—From his loving Mother and Sister.

In ever-loving and affectionate remembrance of Lance- Corpl G. B. COLEMAN, the dearly-beloved son of Mr. & Mrs. T. Coles, Old Lodge Farm, Binley, who was shot by a sniper at France on April 11th, 1917, aged 23 years.
A loving son and faithful brother,
One of the best towards his mother,
He bravely answered duty’s call,
And gave his life for one and all.
Some may think that we forget him,
When at times they see us smile,
But they little know the sorrow
Which is hid behind that smile.
He is gone, but not forgotten,
Oh, dear no, not one so dear ;
He is gone safe home to heaven,
And we hope to meet him there.
—From his ever-loving Mother and Father, Brothers and Sisters.

DALE.—In memory of Pte. HARLEY DALE, of the 11th Royal Warwickshire Regt., who was killed in action somewhere in France, April 11th, 1917.
God knows how we all miss him,
And He counts the tears we shed,
And whispers, “ Hush, he only sleeps.
Thy brother is not dead.”
—From his loving Mother and Sister and Brothers at Long Lawford.

HINCKS.—In proud and loving memory of Lance-Corpl. EDWARD WARNER HINKS, Middlesex Regiment, younger son of Mr. & Mrs. Marlow Hincks, The Holts, Southam, killed in action near Arras on April 12, 1917 ; aged 20.—From Father, Mother, Brother & Sisters.

MANSFIELD.—In memory of Lieut. H. Mansfield, 1st Cheshires, who died in France on April 12, 1916.—Not forgotten, “ M. W.”

PRESTIDGE.—In loving memory of our dear son and brother, JOSEPH PRESTIDGE, Barby, aged 21 years ; killed in action in France, April 11, 1915.

PYWELL.—In loving memory of Sergt. F. W. PYWELL, who was killed in action on April 9, 1917.
“ He sleeps, not his native land,
But under foreign skies,
Far from his friends who loved him best ;
In a hero’s grave he lies.”
—From his Father, Brother and Sisters.

2nd Mar 1918. Food must not be Wasted


Under the Waste of Foodstuffs Order, 1918, which came into force on Monday, it is an offence for a person to waste any foodstuffs or permit it to be wasted.

The definition of waste is given as follows :—

(a) Whenever the foodstuff, being fit for use in human food, is wilfully or negligently damaged or is thrown away ; or

(b) Whenever any person having the control or custody of the foodstuffs omits to take any precaution which ought reasonably to be taken for its preservation ; or

(c) Whenever a person procures for any purpose a greater quantity of foodstuff than is reasonably required for such purpose, and any part of such foodstuff becomes unfit for human food ; or

(d) Whenever any person having the disposal of the foodstuff unreasonably retains the same undisposed of until the same becomes unfit for human food.

An exception is made in the case of trade waste not arising from want of due care, where the trader has been ready to sell foodstuff at reasonable prices, and could not reasonably have made it available for human food otherwise than by way of sale.

Any person authorised in writing by the Food Controller may enter premises where he has reason to believe that foodstuff is being wasted and may take samples.


The Food Distribution Scheme now being set on foot in the above Districts will come into force on MONDAY, 25th MARCH NEXT.

The Foodstuffs to be first rationed will be Butter, Margarine, Tea. and Meat.

Ration Cards will be issued, one for Butter, Margarine, and Tea, and one for Meat.

Forms of application are now being delivered through the Post Office to every house in the district, and it is hoped that the delivery of these will be completed this week. The following is a table of dates which everyone must keep carefully in mind, as it is essential to the smooth working of the Scheme that the dates shall be strictly adhered to:—

WEDNESDAY, 6th MARCH.— Last day for receiving Shopkeepers’ Applications for Registration as Retailers.

SATURDAY, 9th MARCH.— Last day for receiving applications from the Public for Food Cards.

Do.     Do.            Last day for receiving applications from Caterers and Institutions for Authorities to obtain supplies.

THURSDAY, 14th MARCH.— Last day for Public to lodge their Food Cards with their chosen Retailers.

FRIDAY, 15th MARCH.— Last day for Caterers and Institutions to lodge their Authorities with Retailers.

SATURDAY, 16th MARCH.— Last day for receiving Retailers’ Returns of Individual Cards and Caterers and Institutions Authorities lodged with them.


An Enquiry Office for the Rationing Section has been opened at Benn Buildings, Rugby,

where all information may be obtained.

F. M. BURTON, FREDK. FELLOWS. ) Executive Officers.
Food Office, Rugby, 28th February, 1918.


In the “ London Gazette ” of February 18th the following appeared :—
Awarded bar to Military Cross, Capt Thomas Ainsworth Townsend, M.C, R.A.M.C ; M.C gazetted 25th November, 1916.

Capt Townsend (son of Mr T S Townsend, of Clifton Manor) has been serving in France since 1915. He is regimental surgeon to the 20th London Regiment.

SOLDIER’S WEDDING.—On Saturday a very pretty wedding took place at St. Peter’s Church between Sergt C A Carter, R.F.A, nephew of Mr & Mrs G East, Daventry Road, Dunchurch, and Miss Allen, of Grosvenor Road, Rugby. The Rev — Perry officiated,and the bride was given away by her father. Her two sisters were bridesmaids, and her youngest brother was best man. The guests numbered between 30 and 40, and there were many handsome presents. Sergt Carter has been in the Army nine years, and has been in the fighting ever since the War began. He wears the bronze star. He goes to back to the front again to-day (Saturday), and leaves Dunchurch with the best wishes of the parishioners.

There are now


Six Standard Food Parcels, of an average gross weight of 10lbs, each parcel are sent to every man in the course of every four weeks, in addition to 26 lbs. of Bread.

The cost to provide for the 72 local men is now


Are you helping to provide for our own Men ?

The poor boys count on the parcels, not merely as a means of keeping body and soul together, but as the break in the monotony of their prison life, which saves them from unutterable despair.

Proofs of this are abundant in the assurances of exchanged prisoners that the parcels stood between them and starvation, and they speak not only for themselves but for their comrades who are still in captivity.

DONATIONS or promises of regular or Monthly subscriptions, which will be gladly acknowledged, should be sent to


Hon. Organising Secretary,


9, REGENT STREET, RUGBY (Registered War Charity).

To the Editor of the Advertiser.

DEAR SIR,—At the last meeting of the Urban District Council a was expressed that a Roll of Honour to the memory of those men of Rugby who have, during the present terrible war, made the great sacrifice in their countries cause, should be compiled. The Council are very anxious and desirous of carrying out this object, but to enable them to do so it is necessary to prepare a list of all the men so far as can be ascertained. May I appeal through your columns to the relatives of all our Rugby men who have given up their lives in the noble cause, to send their full names, together with their rank and the Navel or Military unit to which they belonged, to me, so that the Council may be in possession without delay of as accurate a list of Rugbians as is possible.—Yours faithfully,

ARTHUR MORSON, Clerk of the Council.


CHEDGEY.—On February 23rd, ROBERT EDWIN CHEDGEY, officer’s steward, H.M. Destroyer “ Norman,” lost overboard and drowned at sea ; third son of Mr. & Mrs. Chedgey, Bitteswell, Lutterworth ; aged 23 years.


HEWITT.—In loving memory of ELLIS JOHN (JACK), youngest son of Mr. & Mrs. Hewitt, 42 Dunchurch Road, Rugby, who was killed in action on February 27, 1917.—Not forgotten by his loving Mother, Dad, and Brother.

PRATT.—In loving memory of our dear son, Pte. F. PRATT, of the 6th Oxford and Bucks L.I., (New Bilton), who died of wounds on March 1, 1917, in France.—Still sadly missed by his loving Father and Mother, Sisters and Brothers.





13th Jan 1917. B.T.H. Airman Killed


News has been received at the B.T.H this week that Second Lieut J E Townsend, R.F.C, was killed while flying near Bristol on January 2nd. Lieut Townsend, who was, until the outbreak of war, employed in the tinsmith department at the B.T.H Works, enlisted in 1914 in the Worcester Regiment, and was subsequently granted a commission and transferred to the Royal Flying Corps. It was stated at the inquest, at which a verdict of accidental death was returned, that Lieut Townsend was under instruction, and had had sufficient experience to fly alone. He was navigating a machine, and Second Lieut Francis Bissicks, a trained pilot, accompanied him. There was nothing in the weather or engine conditions to explain the accident. The machine seemed to lose speed and nose-dive to the ground. Lieut Townsend was killed instantly, and his companion received injuries to which he succumbed at the Bristol Royal Infirmary.


Sir Henry Horne, K.C.B, whose home is at East Haddon, Northants, has been promoted Lieutenant-General as a Now Year Honour. The Czar of Russia has also conferred on General Horne the Order of St Vladimir.

“ No more men must be called from the land for military service under present circumstances.”-Mr Prothero’s instructions to Tribunals.

Miss M Cook, of Holmby, Clifton Road, Rugby, has paid over £21 16s 9d from the whist drive held in the Co-operative Hall recently in aid of the Star and Garter Fund.

An oak lining has been placed round one of the pillars of St Peter’s Church by Mrs Duncuff, in memory of her husband, L-Corpl A P Duncuff, who was killed in action in France on August 3rd, 1916.

Captain (temporary Major) Eustace C Brierley, formerly of Rugby, has been awarded the D.S.O.

Temporary Major Leonard Tate, of Swinford Lodge, was mentioned by Sir Douglas Haig in his despatches, and his name appeared in the list published on Jan 3rd.

Second Lieut S E Rogers, of the Somerset L.I, formerly for some years in Rugby, was mentioned in Sir Douglas Haig’s recent despatch for gallant service in the Somme fighting.

Temporary Major Henry Noel Hoare, A.S.C, was one of the recipients of the D.S.O in the New Year Honours list. When living in Rugby some years ago, he was well known as a very capable exponent of Rugby football (on the three-quarter line), hockey, and cricket, playing fairly regularly with the town clubs.

Capt F S Neville, Northampton Regiment, is among the officers mentioned for special bravery in the field in the Commander-in-Chiefs recent despatches. Capt Neville, who was badly wounded early in the Somme Battle, is an Old Laurentian, and was a member of the staff of St Matthew’s Boys’ School when the War broke out.

In his monthly letter in the Parish Magazine the Rector says :— Mr Dugdale has just written home to me to say that he has been appointed Chaplain to the 5th Army Infantry School for Officers and N.C.O.’s, and that he now has a chance of doing “ a permanent piece of work—that chance which one always longs for in a battalion and never gets.” He is anxious to start a regular Institute, with a reading room and a chapel in it.

Amongst the Army Chaplains specially mentioned in Sir Douglas Haig’s despatch relating to operations on the Western front, appears the name of the Rev C T B McNulty, who is well known in Rugby and district. The reverend gentleman has been Vicar of Holy Trinity, Leamington, since 1912. Ordained in 1898, he served as Curate in Edgbaston Parish Church for two years. He left to become Curate of Holy Trinity. Coventry, and in 1905 was preferred the living of Dunchurch, and remained there for seven years.


The first public sitting of the War Losses Commission for awarding compensation in respect of property taken over by the Government under the Defence of the Realm Regulations was held at Spencer House, St James, on Tuesday. The Commission, which was composed of Sir James Woodhouse (chairman), Mr E Shortt, K.C, and Sir Matthew Wallace, has already held over a hundred sittings in private.

The prohibition of the Wool Sales at Rugby last summer formed the subject of an application by Messrs Cropper, Steward, and Cattell, auctioneers, of Rugby, who asked for compensation for loss sustained by reason of the prohibition of their wool sale by the Government. It was stated that the wool was gathered from the farmers in the district, and the sale had been extensively advertised for June 21. On June 8, however, a general order was made prohibiting dealings in wool, and the War Office telegraphed prohibiting the sale.

The Chairman ruled that as the prohibition was in the nature of a general order affecting the whole of the United Kingdom, any loss which had been sustained by reason of such order was outside the warrant of the Commission. They were not authorised to grant compensation for losses sustained in common, and the claim was therefore barred.

Mr Cattell urged that it was rather a hard case.

The Chairman : We have a good many hard cases before us. We cannot act on sympathy.

The firm were allowed their expenses.

A similar application by Messrs Tait, Sons, and Pallant was dealt with in a like manner.



At a meeting of the Bilton Parish Council held in the Church House, Bilton, on Wednesday evening, representatives from several surrounding parishes attended for the purpose of debating the Board of Agriculture’s scheme for increasing the home production of food as plained by Miss Day, of the Board of Agriculture.

Mr A E Warr (vice-chairman of the Parish Council) presided, and other members of the Council present were : Messrs F M Burton, J Veasey, A T Watson, G H Frost, and E J Smith. In addition there were also present : Mr Graham Patterson and Lady Rowenao Patterson (hom secretaries of the Rugby Sub-Committee of the County Agricultural Committee), Miss Day, Major and Mrs Neilson, Mrs Latouche, Miss Hastings, Mrs J Parnell, Mrs C Nickalls, Mrs P Nickalls, Mr and Mrs W Barnett, Miss Line, Capt Miller Rev W O Assheton, Mr H P Burdekin, and Mr C N Hoare.

The Chairman read a letter of apology for absence from Mr M E T Wratislaw (Chairman of the Council), who was on military duty at the Coventry Tribunal, and he expressed the hope that the Council would give a favourable reception to the committee dealing with the Waste Land Scheme.

Mr Graham Patterson explained that the representatives of Hillmorton, Dunchurch, and Bilton had taken the opportunity of attending that Council meeting, at the kind suggestion of Mr Wratislaw, to ask their advice and assistance in the scheme to bring into cultivation waste lands and vacant allotments there and in the adjoining villages. Time was pressing for the spring planting, and they begged the support of, and suggestions from, the Council to make the vacant plots prolific and productive.


Miss Day then briefly sketched the proposals of the Board of Agriculture for dealing with the pressing need for increased food production. She did not think she was sounding a note of pessimism when she said that the only thing which might lead to an inconclusive peace would be the lack of food to go on fighting. The difficulties of getting food for three or four months hence were very great indeed, and they would have to rely far more on the resources of their own country. Mr Lloyd George saw that the question was one of urgent necessity, and he put a very able man at the head of the Board of Agriculture. She did not suppose that anyone could suggest anyone better for this position than Mr Prothero, who had gone very carefully into the matter. The proposals at present were to make the War Agricultural Committees in every county a sort of Local Board of Agriculture. These committees would have the district War Agricultural Committees under them, and these in turn would, it was hoped, call in the assistance of the Parish Councils, because, if this work was to be done properly it must be done by the people on the spot, who knew the local conditions. It was not suggested that the Board of Agriculture in London should write to any farmer and tell him to grow such and such a crop. That was to be decided by the parish or Rural District committees. Wheat was urgently needed, but if it was undesirable to grow wheat and they could get better crops of other cereals, it was as well to grow the better crops. The question which faced them all was:


It was no use going wildly and madly into any scheme. The first thing to decide was how to bring in more land which was going out of cultivation ; secondly, to reclaim land which had gone out of cultivation during the last five years. This was all they would be able to do for the spring sowing. With regard to the autumn, they would have time to consider what pasture land it would be useful to plough up. If they were to do this work, she supposed the burning question of the moment was labour. Everyone was prepared to do the work if they could only get the labour. They all agreed, however, that the war had got to be won, and that Englishmen were required to win it. She had been asked by farmers in many cases whether they were going to lose the men they had now got. It was absolutely impossible for one to answer that question. It depended on how the war went on. If the Germans could retain Roumania till June, they would get the whole of the Roumanian wheat crop, which would certainly lengthen the war, and it was a question whether the Russians would be able to regain Roumania in that time. The whole matter rested on that. With regard to labour, the Government had at their disposal 10,000 German prisoners who had been employed in agriculture, and there were also large numbers of interned aliens, who were doing useful work. Where one or two men, or any number up to five men were required, she considered interned aliens were more useful the German prisoners, because they did not require a guard. Farmers simply had to apply to the Home Office for them and notify the police when they arrived. The aliens were not allowed to go more than five miles distant from where they lived, and if anything went wrong the farmer could notify the police, who would remove them. The farmer did not have to pay the fares for the men to come or go. They would be paid at the ordinary rates for unskilled labourers. There were also conscientious objectors, but she found that as a rule the farmers preferred aliens to these men.


Then there were the women, who could do a certain amount of work, although she did not suggest that they could do the heavy land work. They were now making a stronger appeal than they had ever made before to the girls of the educated class. They were appealing to women who would, naturally, be taking up scholarships at the Universities. Men had given up their scholarships to join the army, and it was only fair that the women should put their scholarships aside for a year or two to help their country. A certain number of soldiers would also be available for the work. Then, too, machinery would be much more used than was the case in the past, and Mr Prothero, immediately on going to the Board of Agriculture, ordered a thousand motor tractors for the use of the War Agricultural Committees. Men were also being trained to drive them. Warwickshire had ordered some, and these would be ready about the third week in January. She thought there would be sufficient to do the work Required in the country.


Dealing with the cultivation of small waste plots, Miss Day said it was suggested that they should get more people to take up allotments, and where, as in some cases had happened, large and small gardens had been allowed to go out of cultivation, it was hoped that arrangements would be made for having these cultivated again. There were also building and other vacant plots which might be used. To do this work they would have to go to the owners, and they wished to do this as gently as they could, and to get as much as possible done by persuasion. If this failed, they could go in by force ; but so long as they did the work peacefully they would got far more done than by putting peoples backs up. She wished to impress on them, and she hoped they would try and teach others, that there was


They would have very little difficulty in getting things done if people only realised that things were going to be short, that there would not be sufficient to go round, and that they would be lucky if they were only hungry. This was the problem facing the agricultural population at the moment. Where land or gardens were not being properly cultivated, powers would be given to an accredited body like the Parish Council or Rural District Council to go in and take them over. She thought the Parish Councils would probably be the medium, because that was where they got down absolutely to the parish. To carry this scheme through they would want a small committee in every village. Dealing with the


Miss Day suggested that where vacant plots were concerned, they should obtain expert opinion as to the value of cultivating them or not, so that no time should be wasted. With regard to the digging, she suggested that they should get the clergy or postmen and policemen to help them in their spare time. Digging was too heavy for the average woman. In the towns they could get a good deal of help from the volunteers. If they could not get the digging done in any village, they should refer the matter to the War Agricultural Committee. Machinery might be available for the larger plots. After the digging was done the women, properly organised, should be able to do the planting. She was very anxious that they should grow produce with a certain amount of common sense. She wished them to produce the same variety of vegetables as far as possible, because the Board would be prepared to market their surplus stock. They could not do this, however, if all the produce was of a different variety, because it had to be cooked in bulk. In order to do this, they might get some people who had sufficient ground to grow a number of seedlings for distribution at so much per score.


Miss Day then advocated pig keeping, and said food could be produced more quickly in that way than by any other method. If it was not possible for one person to get enough food to keep a pig, they might have co-operative pigs. She believed if they once started a village piggery they would find it would grow very quickly. The school children should be enlisted to help in various ways, and Mr Prothero himself had approached the head of the Board of Education to try to get as much assistance from the schools as possible, and several counties had requested that the children should be allowed three half-days off per week, such absence to count as attendance if they were working in agriculture. The Board of Agriculture were going to stick at nothing in reason in order to get this food grown, and they were quite prepared to work, and to work hard, but it was quite impossible for the Board of Agriculture or any other Board to say that they should have anyone back who had gone into the army ; but where it was shown that there was a recognised shortage of skilled men they would try to get them back. The munition factories and mines were to be combed, and it was not proposed, as a general rule, to take any more men from agriculture. She quite understood the difficulty ; but it had to be faced, and it would not be satisfactory to the agricultural community of England to feel that an inconclusive peace had to be made, unless they felt that they had strained every nerve to get the food which was necessary for the country.

In reply to Mr Barnett, Miss Day said the Government were considering the advisability of providing artificial manures.—Mr Hoare asked if they would fix the price of seed potatoes, and in connection with this Mr Follows read a letter from Mr Gordon Everitt, of the County War Agricultural Committee, asking the Parish Council to ascertain what seed potatoes were required in the parish. The County Committee would be able to supply these, but they did not know the prices or varieties yet. Not more than 5cwt would be sold to any one man, and the price would be less than £14 per ton.

In reply to Mr Burdekin, Miss Day said where new land was ploughed up, expert advice as to the best crop to be grown could be obtained.

Mr Watson asked if the restrictions as to pig keeping were to be relaxed, and Miss Day said she believed they were to be suspended, provided the pigs were kept clean and to the satisfaction of the sanitary inspector.

In answer to Mr Fellows, it was stated that two men were sent out with the motor tractor.—Major Neilson : Is the ploughing done free, or do people have to pay ?— Miss Day : A charge of so much per acre is made.

Mr Warr assured Miss Day that the Council would do all they could to further the scheme.—It was decided to elect a committee of seven, three of whom should represent the Parish Council. Those elected from the village were Messrs J E Cox, H P Burdekin, W Barnett, and T Smith. The Parish Council representatives chosen were Messrs M E T Wratislaw, E J Smith, and A J Askew, with Mr J J Cripps in reserve in case either of these failed to serve.



2nd Dec 1916. Courage on the Battlefield, Doctors Decorated


One of the doctors who have been recently decorated with the Military Cross is Captain Thomas Ainsworth Townsend, R.A.M.C, the only son of Mr Thomas Sutton Townsend, of Clifton Manor, and 68 Queen’s Gate, London, for many years a magistrate and county councillor for Warwickshire. Educated at Rugby, where he was in the School House under Dr James, and afterwards at New College, Oxford. Captain Townsend then went to Guy’s Hospital, where he took his medical degrees. In 1914 he was sent to Serbia, where he was surgeon under the Red Cross ; and in June, 1915, was given a commission in the 1st London Field Ambulance. In October the same year the War Office sent him to France as medical officer to the 24th Battalion of the London Regiment, whose surgeon had been killed in action, and with which he has been at work ever since.

Captain T A Townsend, R.A.M.C., received the medal for conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He displayed great courage and determination in rescuing several men, who had been buried, under heavy fire. On three previous occasions he had done very fine work.


A number of Zeppelins visited North and North-Eastern Counties during Monday and Tuesday night.

The casualties were slight, considering that the enemy craft dropped over a hundred bombs. There was one death—that of a woman from shock—and sixteen persons were injured. The material damage was not great, and no damage at all of military importance was done.

A daring raid on London by a hostile aeroplane was made about noon on Tuesday. Again the material damage was slight, and only nine persons were injured.

As a set-off to this two of the Zeppelins were brought down in flames and totally destroyed, together with their crews, and the aeroplane was accounted for by French aviators on its way home. The two officers on board had in their possession a large scale map of London.


The new official scheme for the co-ordination of relief to British prisoners of war came into operation yesterday (Friday). It will only be possible to send food parcels to prisoners through an authorised packing and distributing organisation or regimental care committee. As this scheme involves certain changes in the conditions under which parcels have hitherto been sent to Rugby and district men by the Rugby Prisoners of War Help Committee, it may be useful to state briefly the reasons for its adoption and its scope. For over eighteen months enough food has been sent from this country to feed a large number of Germans, in addition to the prisoners to whom it was addressed. It has also been proved that while very many prisoners received a dozen or more parcels a week, others received none. Then, too, unskilful packing and insufficient addressing made it impossible for thousands of parcels sent by private individuals to be delivered, the food, and money being consequently wasted. The contents of others were quite inadequate to sustain physical and mental strength. In these circumstances the War Office decided that regulations were necessary to secure for our men an adequate supply of food.

The Central Prisoners of War Committee have been entrusted with the administration of the new scheme, and every organisation must be authorised by them. The aim is to send to every man in German prison camps three parcels of food in the course of every 14 days, each parcel of a gross weight of 10lbs, in addition .to 13lbs of bread. The cost will be about 42s 6d per man per month.

Meetings of the Executive of the Rugby Committee have been held this week, and the Hon Secretary (Mr J Reginald Barker) was able to report that he had completed the necessary arrangements in connection with the local men on their list.

The men belong to 25 different regiments, and the Care Committee of each man’s unit have undertaken to pack and despatch, on behalf of the Rugby Committee, two of the parcels of foodstuffs every fortnight to each local prisoner of war, the third parcel being provided by the man’s regimental committee, until such time as the Rugby Fund is in a position to undertake the complete cost of all the parcels. The parcels will bear the name of the Rugby Committee on a special Red Cross label, and the men will acknowledge the receipt of same to Rugby as in the past. Mr Barker said he would continue to advise the prisoners of the coming of the panels subscribed for by their fellow-townsmen, and also keep the relatives informed of news he has from the men. The best way, therefore, in which relatives and friends can help is by subscribing to the Rugby Committee sums they would otherwise have spent on personal parcels.

The results hoped for from the scheme are that each prisoner shall receive an ample sufficiency of good food, while none goes to enemy destinations ; that the parcels guaranteed by the special Red Cross label shall pass to him quickly, unmolested and in good order, and that none of the great monetary expenditure now being made on behalf of men in captivity shall be wasted or mis-carried. It is essential that everyone interested in the welfare of their own townsmen should co-operate in the scheme. As an example which might well be followed, Mr Barker mentioned that of the staff of the Rugby (L.N.W.R) Erecting Shop. Every Friday for over four months they have had a “ whip round,” and have been able to hand him for the Rugby Fund 18s per week, in addition to an organised effort producing over £10. The employees at the Rugby Steam Shed had also rendered excellent assistance.

The Executive hoped that similar efforts would be made on the part of other works and shops in the town so that a regular weekly income is assured.

Cheques were signed for the payment of the first four weeks’ parcels, and forwarded to the Regimental Care Committees concerned.

The most convenient time for personal calls upon the Hon Secretary is between the hours of 5.30 and 7.30 any evening at his office, 9 Regent Street, Rugby.

It is very essential that he be informed, as soon as news is received, that a local man has been taken prisoner, so that he can make immediate arrangements for the “ first capture ” parcel to be despatched forthwith, as in most circumstances the man is in urgent need of ordinary necessities of existence as distinct from food and drink. The parcel contains one Cardigan jacket, three handkerchiefs, two towels, tin of vaseline, brush and comb, tooth brush, tooth powder, shaving brush, stick of shaving soap, safety razor, tin opener, spoon and fork, housewife and mending materials. Arrangements will,. of course, be also made for the regular parcels of foodstuffs.

This week’s parcel includes : ½lb biscuits, 1lb beef, 1lb cheese in tin, ¼lb tea, 50 cigarettes (Woodbines), 1lb tin jam, 1 tin rations, ½-lb vegetables (cabbage, Brussels sprouts, turnips or carrots), ½-lb milk, ¾-lb sugar, ½-lb margarine, 1 tin sardines.


Second-Lieut G N Sutton, R.F.A, who died on October 14th, was the eldest son of the late N L Sutton, formerly of Bilton, and Mrs Sutton, of 36 Angles Road, Streatham. Historian, musician, and journalist by profession, he received a commission in the Cheshire Regiment, being transferred to the R.F.A in September, 1915.

Lance-Corpl H Mayes, whose parents live at 28 Abbey Street, is in a hospital at Bristol, suffering from wounds in the thigh, arm and hand. Before enlisting in the Oxon and Bucks L.I at the outbreak of war, Lance-Corpl Mayes, who is 20 years of age, was employed as a moulder at the B.T.H. This is the second time he has been wounded.

News has keen received that Pte Ernest Andrew Batchelor, of the Worcester Regiment, was killed in action on October 24th. He was the second son of Mr and Mrs Batchelor, of 35 Worcester Street, Rugby, who have four more sons with the Forces. Pte Batchelor, who was only 29 years of age, was an old St Matthew’s boy, and prior to the War was employed by a firm in Birmingham. An officer of the regiment, in a sympathetic letter informing the parents, added :-“ He was one of our best bombers, and was always cheerful and good-hearted.”

The men employed in Messrs J Parnell & Son’s workshops have presented the firm with a very handsome Roll of Honour, containing the names of 22 men who have enlisted from the yard and shops. The “ roll,” which was tastefully designed and executed by Mr F J R Cole, Rugby, with appropriate and patriotic embellishments, was framed in oak, and the names enrolled thereon are :- Lieut R W Friend, Corpl F Robinson (killed), Ptes A A Ashworth, T Coles, R Collins, C Hobbs, E Gray, W Welsby, G Wood, T E Walden, A Canham, W Tailby, G H Mills, A Adams, J Mann, W Dumbleton, Lance-Corpl W Booth, Ptes H A Eagles, E Lockwood, T Lord, A Coles and F Pickford.


Lance-Corpl John Worrall, R.E. (youngest son of Mr and Mrs Worrall, Queen Street, Rugby), and Pte J Enticott, old scholars of St Matthew’s boys’ School, have been awarded the Military Medal for bravery in the field.


ROLL OF HONOUR.—News has reached Barby that Mr Joe Muddiman, who at the time he enlisted was the village schoolmaster, has been killed in action. Death was instantaneous, and was the result of shell fire.


MR T MORTIN, only son of Mr Thomas Mortin, of Wolston, has been promoted to lance-corporal in the 7th Warwicks. He has been on foreign service for a long time, but is now suffering from rheumatics and is in hospital at Stockport.

LIEUT BLUEMEL WOUNDED.—Lieut W Bluemel, only son of Mr and Mrs F H Bluemel,has been wounded, and now lies in hospital at Boulogne. He was an officer in the Heavy Section of the Machine Gun Company, and was in charge of a “ tank.” He went to France in August, and did excellent work until he was disabled. Before the War broke out he was a regular attendant at the Works of Messrs Bluemel Bros, Ltd, of which his father is a large shareholder and director. He is rather seriously injured in both arms and his back, but there are still hopes of his recovery. The parents have the deep sympathy of the inhabitants, of Wolston; and the neighbouring villages, where Mr Bluemel is a friend to every good cause. Lieut Bluemel was wounded by a shell bursting when he was carrying out a duty outside his “ tank.”


To the Editor of the Advertiser.

DEAR SIR,—In your valuable paper of the 11th ult. mention is made of the Rugby farmers’ motor ambulance, and that your informant was probably the only local man in the locality who saw it. I am sure it will interest both yourself and all Rugbeians to know that the ambulance in question must have been seen by scores of Rugby soldiers on the Somme front, where it has done splendid work. With the best of wishes,—I remain, yours truly, OLD MURRAYIAN.

B.E.F, France, November 20th.


The Postmaster General announces that letters and parcels intended for delivery to the troops by Christmas Day should be posted as long as possible in advance of the dates given below :-
`                       Letters.            Parcels.

British Expeditionary Force in
France and Belgium                                                Dec. 16        Dec 11.

Egyptian Expeditionary Force                                 Dec. 2            Nov 25.

Salonika Force                                                         Dec. 2            Nov. 25.

Fruit, perishable articles, bottles, pudding basins, and the like are prohibited. The name and address of the sender must be written on the outside of parcels. Parcels which do not comply with this rule will be refused.


BATCHELOR.—In memory of my dear son, Pte. Ernest ANDREW BATCHELOR, Worcester Regiment, who was killed in action on October 24, 1916.
“ Sleep on, dear son, in a far-off grave :
A grave we may never see ;
But as long as life and memory lasts we will remember thee.
No matter how we pray or how we call,
There is nothing to answer but the photo on the wall.”
—Gone but not forgotten by his loving MOTHER, FATHER, BROTHERS and SISTERS.


DODD.-In loving memory of Company Sergt-Major A. J. DODD. Killed in action in France, Dec. 2, 1915.
-Ever in the memory of Bill.

DODD.-In loving remembrance of my dear son, Company Sergt-Major DODD, who was killed in France, December 2, 1915.
“ In a soldier’s lonely grave,
Beneath France’s blood-stained sod,
There lies my dearest son,
Resting in peace with God.
Though rolling seas divide us,
And he sleeps on a pitiless shore,
Remembrance is a relic
That shall live for evermore.”
—Never forgotten by his loving mother, sisters, and step-father.

EDMANS.—In loving memory of our dear son, Frank, who lost his life on H.M.S. Bulwark, November 26, 1914.—“ Thy will be done.”

5th Feb 1916. Midlands visited by Zeppelins




Many people in Warwickshire did not regard it as probable, or even possible, that Zeppelins would ever come so far inland as the centre of the country, but that feeling of security was shattered on Monday night when it became known that German aircraft were cruising over a wide district, which included the Midlands and the Eastern Counties, and The Official Report from the War Office was eagerly awaited and this was issued in the early hours of Tuesday morning. Supplementary reports being issued in the evening.

From these it was gathered that the raid was undertaken by six or seven Zeppelins, and covered a larger area than on any previous occasion ; but the raiders were hampered by the mist. After reaching the coast they steered various courses, and dropped over two hundred bombs in Norfolk, Suffolk, Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Lincolnshire, and Staffordshire. Considerable material damage was caused in one part of Staffordshire, but in no case was there any military damage.

The latest particulars of the casualties are :—

Killed : Men, 33; women, 20; children, 6; total, 59.

Injured : Men, 51; women, 48; children, 2; total, 101.

Total killed and injured, 160.

One church and a Congregational chapel were badly damaged, and a parish room wrecked. Fourteen houses were demolished, and a great number damaged less seriously by doors, window-frames, etc, being blown out. Some damage, not very serious, was caused to railway property in two places ; only two factories, neither being of military importance, and a brewery were badly damaged, and two or three other factories were damaged slightly.

In many localities pre-arranged regulations for extinguishing all lights and taking other precautions were promptly carried out, and it would appear that those places suffered most where such means to baffle the invaders were not adopted.

Trains on railways were brought to a stand-still, and in many instances passengers had to remain seated right through the night while Zeppelins were passing and repassing over them, and bombs were being dropped in the vicinity.

Some very pathetic fatalities are recorded, Staffordshire seems to have suffered somewhat badly. Two visits were paid to some districts in that county, and there was considerable loss of life.

In one house a man and his wife, with their daughter and son-in-law and their two children, were killed instantly. The bombs fell on footpath of the narrow thoroughfare, smashing in the front of the house. The occupants, who were sitting round the fire, were terribly mangled.

A boy walking along the street received the full force of the explosion and was killed on the spot, while a man standing in front of his house some distance away also met with instant death. In another case a man was carrying on his business in a small shop, and the place collapsed and he was killed. One of the bombs, falling in a field, made a hole 6ft or 7ft deep and 10ft square.

Another bomb fell in front of a public house and demolished it, but the, landlord, his wife, and their two sons had a wonderful escape.

Passing on, the Zeppelins dropped five bombs on a small township some miles away. A man walking along was killed. In an adjoining borough some heavy bombs fell, and damage was done to small houses. A family of five, sitting together here, met with an instant and terrible death, a bomb dropping directly on the roof of the house and scattering the brickwork and furniture in all directions.

In another borough, one man was killed instantly, and another has since died. The Mayoress was struck by a fragment of a bomb, and seriously injured, and now lies in a critical condition. A bomb removed a portion of the roof of a congregational church, and another dropped in a public park.

Some of the victims were killed as they hurried through the streets. In one street a woman and her child lost their lives, while another woman had both legs blown off. Over an area of about one and a half miles several bombs were dropped in all direction.

On the other hand,a great many bombs were dropped on open spaces, where they did no damage except to excavate enormous holes ; but generally speaking the raiders paid particular attention to localities where lights were visible.

The Zeppelin fleet was observed passing the coastline between 4.30 and 7 o’clock on Monday night, and most of the damage in the Midlands was done between the latter hour and about 1 a.m.



One result of the Zeppelin raid over the Midlands on Monday night has been to convince those who considered restrictions with regard to lighting which have been enforced in Rugby unnecessary and vexatious, that the authorities were right after all. The fact has been established all too clearly that these airships can reach the Midlands, and that in all probability many towns within the area covered by the visitation of the Zeppelin fleet owe their immunity from damage to the happy circumstance that the regulations had been complied with, and being in total darkness they could not be located by the navigators.

While the raid lasted, it was a very anxious time for the heads of police in the various localities.

As far as Rugby is concerned, Superintendent Clarke is much gratified with the way in which the inhabitants have fallen into line with the requirements. At Northampton about 100 tradesmen and householders were summoned this week for non-compliance, but at Rugby it has not been found necessary in any case to do anything more than to point out here and there that a little more might be done, and in every instance the suggestions of the police have been cheerfully and promptly carried out.

Superintendent Clarke feels sure the inhabitants will continue to do their best to keep their lights subdued or screened for the next few weeks, especially on dark, still nights, and, where possible, go a little farther in securing total obscuration.

In order to minimise the danger to pedestrians during the dark evenings, the posts in the Church Walk and other narrow passages in the town have been painted white. A much needed improvement has also been effected near the Lawrence Sheriffe Almshouses, where the protruding arm of the iron railings and the awkward step have been removed and the path levelled.



The “London Gazette ” contains a long list of new regulations under the Defence of the Realm Act. They deal with a variety of offences. One of the regulations provides that if any person without lawful authority or excuse, by the raising of blinds, removal of shades, or in any other way uncovers wholly or in part any light which has been obscured or shaded in compliance with any directions given in pursuance of such an order, he shall be guilty of a summary offence against these regulations.”


Another regulation provide that “if any person (a) without lawful authority or excuse kills, wounds, molests, or takes any carrier or homing pigeon not belonging to him ; or (b) having found any such carrier or homing pigeon dead or incapable of flight, neglects forthwith to hand it over or send it to some military port or some police constable in the neighbourhood, with information as to the place where the pigeon was found ; or (c) having obtained information as to any such carrier or homing pigeon being killed or found incapable for flight, neglects forthwith to communicate the information to a military post or to a police constable in the neighbourhood; he shall be guilty of a summary offence against these regulations.”


With regard to intoxicants, it is laid down that if any person gives, sells, procures, or supplies, or offers to give, sell, procure, or supply, any intoxicant (a) to or for a member of any of his Majesty’s forces with the intent of eliciting information for the purpose of communicating it to the enemy, or for any purpose calculated to assist the enemy ; or (b) to or for a member of any of his Majesty’s forces when not on duty with the intent to make him drunk or less capable of the efficient discharge of his duties ; or (c) to or for a member of any of his Majesty’s forces when on duty either with or without any such intent as aforesaid ; he shall be guilty of an offence against those regulations.”


A substituted regulation sets forth that “if any person assists any prisoner of war or interned person to escape, or knowingly harbours or assists any such person who has escaped, or without lawful authority transmits, either by post or otherwise, or conveys to any prisoner of war or interned person any money or valuable security or any article likely to facilitate the escape of any prisoner of war or interned person, or in any way to interfere with the discipline or administration of any place of detention for prisoners of war or interned persons, he shall be guilty of an offence against these regulations.


The figures for Rugby have shown a distinct falling off during the past week, and only about twenty men have attested. All of these have enlisted under the Group System, and there have been no volunteers for immediate service.

The departmental, non-combatant units are now closed, and only fighting men are needed.

The recruiting appeal tribunals for the Urban and Rural districts have held several sitting during the last few weeks, and we understand that a large number of men have been either exempted or put back until later groups.


Employers desirous of obtaining assistance in nearly every occupation, could obtain such help by means of disabled sailors or soldiers on application to the Recruiting Officer, Drill Hall, Park Road, Rugby, who would see that these are forwarded to the proper quarter ; or by applying direct to the Soldier’ and Sailor’ Help Society.


Lieutenant Thomas Ainsworth Townsend, R.A.M.C, has been gazetted Captain—promotion to date from December 25th.

Captain Townsend, who is in France, is regimental surgeon to the 24th London Regiment, which has done so splendidly in and around Loos and the Hohenzollern Redoubt. He has had a very busy time of late, and on the occasion of the visit of the sailors from the Grand Fleet to his trench, the Germans exploded five mines close to them.

We are glad to learn that he is well, and in a recent letter to his father, Captain Townsend says :—

“ We have had rather a strenuous time of late and you can imagine how welcome news is, and the Rugby Advertiser is always a joy. We are now resting in very pleasant surroundings till probably ——, when we go up to a fresh line of trenches. Last week we had a mine attack, and have had a very thrilling time on the whole. This piece of line was always rather a nasty bit and I think we got out of it pretty luckily. Strangely enough, on the day they blew up the mines, quite close to us, we had a visit from the Navy! I was fortunate enough to be in the front line at the moment, and our Colonel had taken up —(who was in command of the Naval chaps) that day. Tremendous explosions followed—hell let loose—but our men had manned the parapets in no time, and the sailors were soon letting fly with anything they could lay hands on. I only had about thirty casualties, I am thankful to say.

“ We had a pretty lucky escape in our Aid Post, which was a dug-out and unusually close to the front line—in the support trenches. An hour or so after I had got back, blest if the back part of it wasn’t blown in by a shell, and we were lucky to get off with a few bruises. My orderly (who was in rubber trench boots at the time) had one of them cut right across and got his toe damaged, and I was well bruised over the right leg and left foot—as I was standing at the time — writing up my cases !

“ I must have had a near shave, as we were all temporarily laid out for a second or two.

— behaved awfully well, as it was our second dug-out that day, in fact, -—’s third, and he took it in very good part.

“ Tea is a wonderful stand-by, and after a bit of a rest I enjoyed a very good dinner, but was simply covered with mud from head to foot. We had a pretty disturbed night, and units, from all and sundry, came in from the Brigadier downwards, through the night.

“ The next day cooled off considerably, and we have now moved into reserve, and all is well with us.”



Official news was received in Hillmorton on Friday last week that Pte Walter Brown, of the 11th Hants Pioneers, whose home is in School Street, Hillmorton, had been killed in action on January 23rd. Pte Brown, who leaves a widow and two children, was at one time employed in the Locomotive Department on the L & N.-W Railway, but he afterwards became a bricklayer’s labourer.

The following letter has been received by Mrs Brown from the officer in charge of his company:

DEAR MRS BROWN.—It is with regret that I have to inform you of the death of your husband, Pte W Brown, No 12272. He was wounded by rifle fire last night, and died about 8.45 a.m to-day. He was buried this evening, and the service was conducted by the Rev Webb Peploe (Major), Chaplain to the Forces. His loss will be deeply felt by all in the company and by myself, as he was always a good soldier, keen and smart, and a great example to all those with whom he came in contact, and he received his wounds whilst bravely doing his duty. In extending to you my sincere sympathy, I feel that it may be of some help to you in your loss, to know his end came quietly and he died in the execution of his duty.—Yours faithfully, CAPT. ANDREWS.

[Walter Brown is remembered on the Hillmorton War Memorial]


In a recent letter to his brother and sister a private of the 1st/5th Warwickshire Regiment states that they went into the trenches again on January 28th. The company they relieved had a very trying time, the Germans sending over about 2,000 shells of all sizes. Fortunately only two men were killed. The enemy also sent a bombing party to the trench, but they were soon driven out. The Germans left a chalk line so that they should be able to find their way back to their own trenches. The 7th Warwicks had to stand at attention all night as the Germans made a gas attack on the left of the Warwicks’ position, but no infantry attack followed.