Wright, Frederick. Died 25th Dec 1918

Frederick ‘Fred’ Wright was born on 17 April 1998 in Rugby[1] and his birth was registered in Q2, 1898.  He was the son of John William Wright (b.c.1861, in Ossett, Yorkshire) and Harriett, née Smith, Wright, (b.c.1859 in Northampton). 

In 1901, Fred’s father, John William Wright, was 40 and a ‘steam engine maker’, his wife Harriett was 42, and the family were living at 42 Worcester Street, Rugby.  There were four children at home – Fannie Wright, 17; Sidney Wright, 11; Ethel Wright, 8; and the youngest boy, Frederick Wright, who was two years old.

Before 1911, the family moved to a nine room house at 32 Lawford Road, New Bilton, Rugby.  John William Wright was now an ‘electrical engineer’.  In 1911, Fred’s parents had been married for 28 years, and had had five children of whom four were still living.

For some reason, perhaps because he was a ‘stenographer’ in the BTH Contracts Department, their 21 year old lodger, Arol Deakin, filled in and signed their 1911 census return.  Later that year he married Fred’s sister, Dinah Ethel Wright [Rugby, Q3, 1911, 6d, 1078].  They had a daughter, Eileen in 1913, and a son, John Arol in about early 1916.  Arol Deakin joined up in the Royal Field Artillery and became a Sergeant but died of wounds on 16 August 1917.  He is also remembered on the Rugby Memorial Gate -.[2]

According to a later report in the Rugby Advertiser, Fred Wright …
… was formerly a sailor, and visited the Dardanelles a number of times.  He was afterwards employed at the B.T.H., subsequently joining the army.’[3] 

His service with BTH is confirmed in their memorial publications and also, assuming this is the correct Wright, in a list published in September 1914 in the Rugby Advertiser,
FROM THE WORKS – This is an additional list of men who have left to join the Colours from August 27th up to and including September 2nd: – … Wright, …’.[4]

This suggests that he must have gone to sea in the period between early 1911 and later 1914, when he was between 13 and 16 years old, which would be very young even for a boy sailor, although ‘one in three Royal Navy heroes of World War One were underage, …’.  He still had some time working at BTH, before joining up, and it may be that confusion with another older Fred Wright who was in the Navy on HMS Fox in 1911 may have occurred.

Albert joined up as a Private No.115498 in the Machine Gun Corps (MGC).  As the MGC was not formed until October 1915, and in the absence of any Service Record, it is not known if he joined an Infantry Regiment earlier for his initial training.  His Medal Card has no mention of an earlier unit and it is quite possible that he did not join up and did not go to France until at least the end of 1915 or during 1916, as he was not eligible for the 1914-1915 Star – and indeed he had not reached the necessary age of 18 years until April 1916.

The CWGC record suggests that he was a member of 50th Bn. Machine Gun Corps (Infantry), however, when he was taken prisoner, his PoW record stated he was in the 206th Bn. Machine Gun Corps (Infantry).[5]

In the absence of any Service Record for Fred, the date of any transfer from the 50th to the 206th Bn. of the Machine Gun corps is unknown.  However, the information on these Battalions is as follows:

50th MG Company: Moved to France and joined 17th Division, 17 February 1916 at Reninghelst. Moved into No 17 Bn, MGC, on 24 February 1918.

206th MG Company: Formed at Grantham, 24 October 1916.  Joined 58th Division in France on 24 March 1917.  Moved into No 58 Bn, MGC on 2 March 1918.

The Battalion Diaries are available, and it seems possible that Fred moved during the reorganisation of the MGC in early 1918.  Hence his main records have him still in 50th MG Company, whilst he knew he was in 206th Company – which had become the ‘A’ Company of the 58th Bn. which was in the line at Quessy, some 14 kms south of St. Quentin.

1918 had started fairly quietly, however, the anticipated attack by the Germans, Operation Michael, was launched on 21 March 1918, against the British Fifth Army and the right wing of the British Third Army.  The German artillery targeted command and communications; then, the destruction of artillery; and then the front-line infantry.  The artillery bombardment began at 4.40am on 21 March 1918, and hit targets over an area of 150 square miles, the biggest barrage of the entire war.  Over 1,100,000 shells were fired in five hours.

Prior to March 1918, the history of 206th Co is described in the Summary War Diary.[6]

20/21 March 1918, 58th Divisional Sector astride the River Oise, [adjacent to the French 6th Army to the south].  22 and 23 March – ‘A’ & ‘D’ companies in action with 173rd Infantry Brigade. 

After March 1918, the War Diary, of the 58th Bn.[7] includes some six pages covering the period from 20 – 24 March 1918, from which the activities of ‘A’ Company have been abstracted.

21st – Enemy attacked on a wide front … owing to the existing dispositions … ‘A’ M.G. Coy … became heavily engaged … 10am – O.C. ‘A’ Company sent 3 reserve guns … to a position E of Quessy … with object of preventing the enemy from advancing on to Fargniers. (3000 rounds were fired on this task).  11.0am – O.C. ‘A’ Company received information … that 2nd Lieut T Owen … had been taken prisoner, the enemy enveloping these two guns in the mist – but that one of the guns had been got away … heavy fire was opened which held the enemy off for two hours, inflicting very heavy casualties.  12 noon – two machine guns on the canal bank S.E. of Fargniers and others E. of Fargniers and Quessy were engaging hostile infantry at close range.  1pm – a Corporal in charge of one of the foremost guns arrived at ‘A’ Co H.Q. and reported his gun had held out until 12.15pm, when it was eventually put out of action by hostile M.G. fire.  The enemy are stated to have suffered very heavy casualties from this gun, which was eventually surrounded.  7.30pm – O.C. ‘A’ Company ordered … to withdraw all guns from the battle zone and to hold the W. bank of the Crozart Canal at all costs throughout the night of 21st/22nd

This was done with 8 guns that remained of the 19 guns originally under ‘A’ Coy.  Night 21/22 – ‘A’ Coy with 8 guns holding Canal as above.

The dispositions remained as above through the morning of 22nd inst.  About 2.30 pm the enemy renewed his attack and succeeded in crossing the Crozart Canal. … Here 6 of the 8 guns of ‘A’ Company holding the Canal came into action – the teams firing their guns until the ammunition was exhausted or the guns were put out of action by the hostile shelling – this about 3.30pm  (one of these 6 guns was got away after using all the ammunition).

After all the guns of ‘A’ company … were out of action (3.30pm) … about 30 Machine Gunners held out in Tergnier, preventing the enemy getting into the southern part of the town, until 7.0pm when O.C. ‘A’ Company was ordered to withdraw all remaining guns and men of his Company to the Green Line and finally about 10pm to withdraw to Ognes … three guns of the original 19 still remained.

Meanwhile, four guns of ‘D’ Company were holding out in Viry-Noureuil to the south-west of the ‘A’ Company positions.

The summary of casualties, for the period 21 – 24 March 1918, stated that on 21 March, 26 Other Ranks were missing; on 22 March, 17 Other Ranks were missing; and on 24 March, 44 Other Ranks were missing.

It seems that Fred was one of those 17 ‘missing’ Other Ranks on 22 March, as according to Red Cross Prisoner of War (PoW) records, Fred was taken prisoner at Quessy on 22 March 1918.  This was the second day of Operation Michael, and he was ‘Unverwundat’, that is ‘unwounded’.

Fred was taken to a PoW camp, probably in Germany – and probably had to work and would have received a very poor diet – the blockade on Germany meant even German civilians were on a meagre diet.  Many prisoners died, many later from the Spanish Flu, and Fred was no exception.  He survived the war, but is recorded as dying on Christmas Day 1918.  He is likely to have been buried initially in a camp cemetery adjacent to the German PoW camp where he had been confined, and he had probably remained at the camp being treated after the Armistice.

Later, after the war these many smaller cemeteries in Germany were ‘concentrated’, and Fred’s body was moved to the newly created Berlin South-Western Cemetery, at Stahnsdorf, where he was reburied in grave ref: VII. G. 1.

The village of Stahnsdorf is some 22kms south west of Berlin and about 14kms east of Potsdam.  In 1922-1923 it was decided that the graves of Commonwealth servicemen who had died all over Germany should be brought together into four permanent cemeteries.  Berlin South-Western was one of those chosen and in 1924-1925, graves were brought into the cemetery from 146 burial grounds in eastern Germany.  Many, if not most of these, were from Prisoners of War Cemeteries.

Fred was awarded the Victory and British medals.  Fred is also remembered on the Rugby Memorial Gate; the New Bilton War Memorial by the chapel in Croop Hill Cemetery, Addison Road; on the list of BTH Employees who served in the War 1914 – 1918;[8] and on the BTH War Memorial.[9]



– – – – – –


This article on Frederick Wright was researched and written for a Rugby Family History Group [RFHG] project, by John P H Frearson and is © John P H Frearson and the Rugby Family History Group, February 2017.


[1]      Information from: International Committee of the Red Cross (CH), https://grandeguerre.icrc.org/.

[2]      Rugby Remembers, https://rugbyremembers.wordpress.com/2017/08/16/deakin-arol-died-16th-aug-1917/.

[3]      Rugby Advertiser, Saturday, 11 May 1918.

[4]      https://rugbyremembers.wordpress.com/2014/09/05/5th-sep-1914-rugbys-magnificent-response/, and also the Rugby Advertiser, Saturday, 5 September 1914.  But at least four Wrights from BTH served in WWI.

[5]      Information from: International Committee of the Red Cross (CH), https://grandeguerre.icrc.org/.

[6]      UK, WWI War Diaries (France, Belgium and Germany), Machine Gun Corps, 58th Division, Piece 2996/10: 206 Machine Gun Company (1917 Mar – 1918 Feb).

[7]      UK, WWI War Diaries (France, Belgium and Germany), Machine Gun Corps, 58th Division Piece 2996/11: 58 Battalion Machine Gun Corps (1918 Mar – 1919 Apr).

[8]      https://www.rugbyfhg.co.uk/bth-employees-who-served-war-1914-1918-d.

[9]      This is a list of names on the BTH War Memorial when it was unveiled.  It is taken from the list published in the Rugby Advertiser, 4 November 1921.  See: https://www.rugbyfhg.co.uk/bth-war-memorial.

27th Jul 1918. Rugby and District Food Control Committee


A meeting of this committee was held on Thursday afternoon last week, when there were present : Messrs T A Wise (chairman), H Tarbox (vice-chairman), Mrs Dewar, Mrs Shelley, Mrs Townsend, Messrs G Cooke, C Gay, J Cripps, A Humphrey, R Griffin, T Ewart, and J H Mellor.

The Chairman referred to the suggestion made by the Rugby Magistrates that the committee should provide price lists, and charge retailers a small sum for them and the Executive Officer (Mr F M Burton) was directed to write to the Commissioner for advise on the question,

Mr T E Smart, the representative of the Crick Rural Council, wrote stating that, as he had taken up land work under Sir Auckland Geddes’ scheme for men over 45, he wished to resign his position on the committee.—The Chairman expressed regret at this announcement and a cordial vote of thanks was. accorded Mr Smart for his past services.

At a recent meeting the Executive Officer was instructed to offer three cheeses which had been surrendered to the committee to the local hospitals, but only one hospital required one, and he asked for instructions regarding the other two.—It was decided to let the Institution have half a cheese, and the remainder is to be distributed by the Rugby Housewives Committee.

The Executive Officer reported that he had written to the Commissioner with reference to the frozen meat recently condemned by the local Medical Officer of Health. The Assistant Commissioner had replied that an effort was made to ensure that all frozen meat was inspected before being despatched from Birmingham. Since July 3rd the inspection had been made more thorough, and such an occurrence was less likely to happen in the future.

Mr Ewart reported that the potatoes purchased by a Yelvertoft baker for bread-making were absolutely unfit for use, and he suggested that permission should be obtained to dispose of them for pig food at the earliest opportunity. Several of the potatoes were produced, some of the samples having more than a dozen sprouts 3 or 4 inches long.—It was stated that application had been made for the purchaser to be compensated and this action was endorsed.

The Chairman stated that about a month ago the Executive Officer and his staff were accused of showing partiality in the distribution of sugar for jam. He (the Chairman) expressed his belief at the time that the charges were unfounded ; but the matter was referred to the Rationing Committee, and the person who made the accusations was asked to attend their meeting and to give the names of persons who he alleged had been improperly supplied with sugar. He declined to give any names, but he mentioned several specific instances where sugar was improperly allotted. These cases were investigated, and the committee was absolutely satisfied that there was no ground for the accusation, but that the allotment had been made in strict conformity with the scale and the details on the application forms. He accordingly wrote to the man asking him to withdraw the statements he had made, but so far no reply had been received.

The Foleshill Committee wrote asking the Council for support for a resolution protesting against the issuing of jam to enemy prisoners of war in view of the seriously restricted supplies.—The Chairman said Earl Stanhope recently stated in the House of Lords that only 1oz of jam per week was issued to each prisoner, and it seemed absurd to protest against such a small quantity.—No action was taken.

An application from the Chester Street canteen for 1cwt of sugar for making jam was granted.

Several applications for leave to change retailers were considered, as exceptional hardship was involved, and were granted.—The Executive Officer stated that about 20 people applied for such forms daily, but he refused to issue them because the applications were now too late.—Mr Gay enquired whether the resolution passed by the committee, in which they stated their determination not to consider any application received after July 6th, prohibited them from considering such claims in the future.—The Chairman : We have already broken that rule to-day.—Mr Mellor contended that that resolution referred to the block transfers, and had nothing to do with the individual applications, which should be dealt with in the usual way. He knew a young couple, who were registered at different shops, who were getting married, and he asked if a transfer would be allowed in such cases ?—The Chairman : It would be only common sense to grant such an application.—Mr Mellor : Common sense may enter into other applications also.—Mr Gay suggested that the Executive Officer should be instructed to issue forms to anyone who had a sufficiently strong case.—It was pointed out that it was only a week since a number of changes were sanctioned ; and Mr Humphrey expressed the hope that no more changes would be sanctioned until the present registrations had been completed.—It was decided that no further application should be considered, except on very strong grounds, for two months.

It was decided to grant permission to the Prioress of Princethorpe to receive a side of baron and a ham from America on condition that the rationing regulations were adhered to.

The committee expressed satisfaction with the way in which the Enforcement Officer did his work, and decided to support his application for exemption from military service.


The Minister of Food is releasing a quantity of poultry food which is to be rationed by means of committees throughout the country for the use of poultry of approved utility breeds. Those who desire to participate in the supply should note that their applications must be sent in by to-day, Saturday, July 27th.

Forms of application can be obtained from Mr P J McMicken, of 24 Acacia Grove, Rugby, who has been appointed poultry officer for No. 1 Area of Warwickshire and will be pleased to give all information.

WHITER BREAD.—Flour which will be put on the market shortly will provide lighter bread consequent on a further reduction in the percentage of extraction from the grain. The Wheat Commission is releasing more imported flour, which may be mixed with the G.R article to the extent of 20 per cent.


On and after to-morrow (Sunday, July 28), ham and bacon is to be sold without coupon, but it must be obtained from the retailer with whom the consumer is registered.

Each person will be entitled to not less than 8ozs. of bacon and 12ozs. of ham per week if demanded.

Supplementary ration books will cease to be available, and further instructions will be issued as to their future disposal.


Pte A S Horswill, son of Mr C H Horswill, of 48 Craven Road, who was reported missing twelve months ago, is now presumed to have been killed. He was an old Elborow boy, and for a time was a teacher on the Murray School staff, but at the time of his enlistment he was engaged at a school in Coventry. Besides being a talented teacher, he was a musician of considerable ability.

Pte C H Thatcher, R.W.R, who before joining the Army was employed in the L & N-W Railway Loco Sheds, has written from Italy to his mother, who resides at 20 Dale Street, as under :—“ You will have seen by the papers that we have been in again. It was a terrible time for the Austrians and for us. We defeated them after hard fighting, and they lost thousands of men. Our battalion captured about 500 prisoners. They (the Austrians) thought it was going to be a ‘ cake walk,’ but we were there waiting for them. They are rotters for fighting. We have won a very good name in Italy, and they were about five to one against us. The fight was in a big wood on the mountains ; but, thank God, we beat them off. We are the talk of Italy. It was hand-to-hand fighting, and as soon as the Austrians saw who they were fighting they lost all spirit. The Frenchmen fought well, and the Italians also are doing well. Don’t worry—we are winning.”


At about 11 o’clock on Thursday morning another fatal aeroplane accident occurred in the Midland area. Col Sparkes, of the Royal Air Force, had just commenced a flight, and when about 500 feet high his machine fell to earth and burst into flames. The heat of the burning machine was so intense that it was some time before helpers could extricate the unfortunate officer, and when they did so he was dead, the lower portion of his body having been terribly burned.


Mr H C Levis presided at the annual meeting held on Wednesday, July 17th. He said that the past year had imposed exacting demands upon the employees, and he could not speak too highly of their loyal and efficient co-operation. Of the employees who joined the Forces 180 had been killed in action or had died in service; 21 were missing and were believed to have been killed. In addition, 163 had been wounded. 13 were prisoners of war, and one was interned in Holland, making the total list of casualties 378. Of the 121 holding commissions 87 had been promoted from the ranks, 39 had been awarded special honours, 16 were mentioned in despatches, and 11 had been specially commended for services in the field. As stated in the last report, the company proposed to erect a suitable memorial to those who had died in serving their country. Sir C A Coffin, one of the directors and chairman of the Board of the General Electric Company of New York, had been awarded by the French Government the Order of Officer of the Legion of Honour in recognition of his energetic and fruitful work in connection with the French Red Cross and other kindred organisations ; and the Serbian Government, for the same reason, had likewise conferred upon him a similar Order for work in connection with Serbia. Another of the directors, Mr Owen Hugh Smith, for the past three years had given practically his entire time to work for the Ministry of Munitions, and also as one of the emissaries from Great Britain to America in connection with food problems. They welcomed as a valuable addition to the Board Lord Carmichael. They had on hand at the end of the year Exchequer and National War Bonds to the amount of £175,000. It would be interesting if they could make a statement relative to the character of the work they were carrying out. When, after the War, they could speak freely of those matters, he was sure the shareholders would be very well satisfied with what had been accomplished.


The Chairman mentioned that Capt T A Townsend, R.A.M.C, son of Mr T S Townsend, had been awarded a bar to his Military Cross for gallantly attending to the wounded of his own and neighbouring units under a heavy concentration at high explosives. The official account of Captain Townsend’s gallantry read.—“ Although twice wounded he refused to have his wounds attended to, and continued to dress the wounded under a continuous and heavy concentration of high-explosive and gas shells. Not only did he attend the wounded and gassed at his own unit, but rendered aid, under conditions at great difficulty, to wounded of neighbouring battalions, whose medical officers had become casualties. His complete disregard at personal danger and splendid devotion were a magnificent example to all.” The Chairman added that they all regretted that Mr Townsend had so far received no further news of his son. The action for which he had received this additional honour added to their knowledge of what a very gallant English gentleman Capt Townsend was. They all prayed that he had been spared, and that before long they would receive the good news that they might see him again, and they would then welcome him with the greatest gratitude for what he had done for his country. To Mr Townsend he would like to say how pleased the Guardians were to read of his son’s honour, and how they hoped that they might hear from Capt Townsend before long, and have the honour of shaking hands with him, for it would be a very real honour to shake hands with a lad who had done so gallantly, so bravely, and so nobly for his country.—Mr Townsend : Thank you, very, very much.

HERBERT WRIGHT DISCHARGED.—After 20 months’ service, Pte H T Wright, R.W.R. has now received his discharge through ill-health. He served first in Mesopotamia, then in India, from whence he was transferred to hospital in Bloemfontein. While in South Africa he located the grave of Sergt George French, who fell in the Boer War, and has brought home a photograph showing the memorial erected over it. He and his brother, John French, both fought in South Africa, and the latter was killed while on service in France in October last. They are the gallant sons of Mr & Mrs James French, of this village.

Labour Available for Farm Work.

WOMEN OF THE LAND ARMY, with 6 weeks’ training ; 38 Milkers, 38 Carters, and 114 Field Workers, also 171 unskilled Field Workers (14 days’ training). Others will be available as they leave the training centres. Applications should be made to the County Women’s Agricultural Committee (Miss Margesson, Room 43, 3 New Street, Birmingham), or to the local Hon. Secretaries, Lady Patterson, Bilton ; Miss Townsend, Kings Newnham ; or Mrs. Lister-Kaye, Stretton-on-Dunsmore.

WAR AGRICULTURAL VOLUNTEERS, many with agricultural experience, can be obtained on application to the Employment Exchanges.

INTERNED ALIENS. A number of able bodied men can be licensed for work on the land, including men who claim to have experience of agricultural work, or knowledge of motor implements, steam ploughing tackle, &c. Apply to the Labour Officer, 12, Northgate Street, Warwick.


A delightful entertainment was derived from the performance of “The Masqueraders ” Costume Concert Party at the Co-operative Hall on Wednesday evening, when about 800 people were present to support No. 3 R.F.A Cadet Officers from Weedon in their endeavour to raise funds for the Royal Artillery Prisoners of War Fund. During an interval Capt Doherty, who directed the performance, explained that they did not like to come for support to a town which so nobly helped a local Prisoners of War Fund, but their regiment was practically drawn from all over the world; and they, therefore, could not go solely to one district ; £2,200 was required per month to help their unfortunate brethren. The performance was bright and breezy, and the programme well varied. A capable company of ten artistes included Corpl Pollard, who, as Barrie Seddon, has won considerable distinction behind the footlights. As a mirth-provoker he made good in all items, and received able support from the others. Sentimental items formed a prominent part, and none of them was more popular than the duet, “The Battle Eve,” sung by Cadets Burns and Wallis. It was, as the title of the opening and closing choruses suggested. “ some ” show, and was admittedly the best of its kind given in Rugby for a long period. The patrons were very generous in their applause throughout the performance, which lasted upwards at 2½ hours.

HOSPITAL INFLUENZA CURE.—The deaths from influenza that have occurred have been almost invariably cases in which the patents were in a weak condition beforehand, or when the golden rule of at once lying up in bed has been disregarded. All sorts of remedies are popularly recommended. The hospital cure consists of bed, calomel, open windows, and a milk diet.


KENDRICK.—At Duston War Hospital, Northamptonshire, on the 16th inst. after a short illness (influenza-pneumonia), Private HAROLD KENDRICK, A.O.C, aged 33, beloved husband of Elsie Kendrick, 12 Victoria Avenue, New Bilton.


ALLSO.—In loving memory of our dearly-loved son and brother, LANCE-CORPL PERCY ALLSO, who was killed in action in France July 27, 1916, aged 23.
Two years have passed, our hearts still sore,
Day by day we miss him more.
His welcome smile, his dear sweet face,
Never on earth can we replace.
—From his loving father, mother, and family.

CRAWFORD.—In loving memory of CLEMENT ERIC CRAWFORD, of the 18th Canadians (late of Clifton-on-Dunsmore), who died of wounds in London July 23rd, 1917.
No one knows the silent heartache,
Only those can tell
Who have lost their dear ones
Without one last farewell.
Days of sadness still come o’er us,
Tears of silence often flow
When we think of the loss of our dear one
Just a year ago.
—From Mother, Dad, Brothers, and Sisters.

DICKEN.—In ever-loving remembrance of Lance-Corpl. SIDNEY HAROLD DICKEN, who died of wounds in France on July 20, 1916 ; aged 23 years.—“ We loved him in life, let us never forget him in death.”—From his sorrowing Father, Mother, Sisters, Brothers, and Elsie.

DUNKLEY.—In ever-loving memory of our dear sons, PERCY and HARRY, killed “ somewhere in France ” on July 25, 1916, and July 30, 1916.
“ No one knows the silent heartaches,
Only those can tell
Who have lost their loved and dearest
Without saying ‘ Farewell.’”
—From their loving Mother, Father, Brothers and Sisters.

HART-DAVIES.—Killed in an aeroplane accident on July 27, 1917, IVAN B. HART-DAVIES, Lieut. R.F.C. Always remembered by his old office staff, 3 Albert St.

HART-DAVIES.—In memory at LIEUT IVAN BEUCLERK HART-DAVIES, killed in aeroplane mishap at Northolt July 27th, 1917.—From old boys of 1st Rugby Troop, B.P. Boy Scouts, at home and abroad.

LEA.—In loving memory of Pte. EDWARD CROFTS LEA, 16th Warwicks, eldest son of the late James E. Lea, Denbigh Arm, Monks Kirby, killed in action in France on July 30, 1917.

PARNELL.—In loving memory of Corpl. JAMES PARNELL, 11th R.W.R., who was killed in action in France on July 23, 1917.
“ We do not forget him, nor do we intend ;
We think of him daily, and will to the end.
We miss him and mourn him in silence unseen,
And dwell on the memory of days that have been.”
—From his loving Mother, Sisters and Brother, and Alice.

SPENCER.—In loving memory of our dear son and brother, Signaller J B SPENCER (JIM), 11th R.W.R., killed in action July 22nd, 1917. “ In the midst of life we are in death.”—Always in the thoughts of his loving Mother, Father, and Brothers.

WAKELIN.—In loving memory of Lance-Corpl. C. H. WAKELIN, who was killed in action in France on July 26, 1917 ; aged 26 years.
“ His King and country called him,
The call was not in vain ;
On Britain’s roll of honour
You will find our loved one’s name.
We think of him in silence,
No eyes may see us weep ;
But ever deep within our hearts
His memory we’ll ever keep.”
—From his loving Mother and Father, Sisters and Brother.

23rd Mar 1918. Daylight Saving, Arrival of “Summer Time”


We remind our readers that after midnight on Saturday, March 23rd, [?] on Sunday, March 24th, they must but their clocks FORWARD one hour.

It may for convenience be done when going to bed on Saturday night.

The period of saving has been extended this year five weeks, and will terminate on Sept. 29.


Cadet C Wright, son of Mr E Wright, of Long Lawford, who was sent home in July last (while on active service in France) for a commission, has been gazetted Second-Lieutenant in the 4th Batt. Royal Warwickshire Regt.


A letter which has a bearing on this subject comes from a Rugbeian in an Artillery Regiment on the Western Front. He writes :—

“ How good of you to send us a P.O. I happened to be ‘ stoney broke,’ and we had a feed that night. We can get things at our canteen very cheap. Can get a brand of tobacco for 5d per ounce which costs at home 8½d. I see you are all on the ration system in England. We live extremely well, and begin to feel sorry for all our dear friends at home having to go so short.”

It will, therefore, be seen that, as far as the Western Front is concerned, plenty of food can be procured, provided the men have the money. But in Egypt, and Mesopotamia it is probable that parcels of suitable food which will not suffer from climatic conditions will be more useful.


Thursday, March 14th. Present : Messrs J J McKinnell (chairman), L Loverock, T A Wise, W H Linnell, and W A Stevenson. Mr H P Highton was the National Service representative.

The case of a jersey manufacturer (31) was again considered.—The case had been adjourned for the man to be examined by the Volunteer Corps doctor. He had not received notice to submit to this examination, however ; and even if he was passed fit, he would not now be able to attend the drills, because since the case was last heard his wife had died, and he had one to look after his house. He was making Cardigan jackets for the War Office, and he had not done any civilian work since May. He had not tried to get a protection he thought it fairer to leave for the Tribunal to decide.—The case was further adjourned, and Mr Morson was directed to communicate with Capt C H Fuller. The man was also advised to approach the War Office with a view to obtaining protection.

Other results were :—Clerk, 23, single, B3, June 15th, and advised either to get work in a munitions factory as a clerk or on the land. Fruiterer, 41, married, June 1st, on condition that he took up work of national importance for three days a week. July 15th plumber, married, and wholesale grocer, 40 married. July 1st, blacksmith’s doorman, 33, married, and accountant clerk, 41, single. June 1st, church caretaker, 42, married, and printer’s machinist.


At a Meeting of the Rugby Food Control Committee on Thursday afternoon a resolution was passed protesting against the new system of allocating stock to butchers by which the stock in a market is divided out amongst the whole of the towns in the scheduled area which are represented at the market. As a result of this system the Rugby butchers must attend every market in Warwickshire, Worcestershire, Staffordshire, Herefordshire, and Shropshire before applying to the deputy meat agent for a further supply to make up their quota—a proceeding denounced by several members as wasteful and ridiculous.

(A report of the discussion will appear next week.)


A letter has been issued from 10 Downing Street for publication in the Press. It says :—“ I desire to impress upon all farmers and small growers the vital importance of increasing, to the utmost extent possible, the supply of potatoes this year. There is no crop under existing war conditions which can compare with it in importance as a food for either man or beast, and it would be quite impossible to plant too many potatoes this spring. . . . If we can get a million acres under potatoes in Great Britain this year the food situation will be safe, and farmers will have rendered an immense service to their country. The grower is in the front line of the fight against the submarine. He can defeat it if he chooses, but victory depends on his action and exertions during the next few weeks.—D LLOYD GEORGE.


Messrs May & Rowden, of London, in conjunction with Messrs James Styles & Whitlock, of Rugby, announce that they will sell by auction in June various portions of this property, extending to about 4,550 acres, including the whole of the parishes of Church Lawford and Kings Newnham and a portion of Dunchurch parish.


MEREDITH.—November 20th, 1917, killed in action near Cambrai, OWEN WATKIN WYNN HARDINGE MEREDITH, 2nd Lieut. R.F.C., aged 24, the only and beloved child of the late Ven. Thomas Meredith, M.A., Vicar of Wolston and Archdeacon of Singapore, and of Mrs. Meredith, Park Road, Leamington.


CHEDGEY.—In ever-loving memory of Sergt. PERCY JAMES CHEDGEY, Bitteswell, Lutterworth, who gave his life for his country in France on March 22, 1917.
“ To live in the hearts those we love is not to die.”

DODSON.—In loving of our dear son, Rifleman WILLIAM DODSON, who died of wounds, March 24th, 1915.
“ We loved him—oh ! no tongue can tell
How much we loved him, and how well.
His fresh young life could not be saved,
And now he lies in a hero’s grave.”
—From his loving Mother, Father, Brothers, & Sister.

FOX.—In memory of our dearly loved son, NORMAN H. FOX, killed in action, March 21st, 1915.
—From Father and Mother, who loved him better than life.

HADDON.—In loving memory of Lance-Corpl. C. F. HADDON, of the Winnipeg Rifles, who was killed at Vimy Ridge on March 29, 1917.—Not forgotten by loved ones at home.

LEESON.—In loving memory of our two dear lads, ALBERT (Bert), killed in action, March 20, 1917, and FRED ( Bob), missing since September 25, 1915.
“ Two of the best that God could send — Loving sons and faithful friends.”
—From Father, Mother, Brothers, Sister, & Hilda.

LANGHAM.—In loving memory of HAROLD F LANGHAM, who died of wounds in France on March 23, 1917.
“ He sleeps not in his native land,
But under foreign skies ;
Far from his friends who loved him best,
in a hero’s grave he lies.”
—From his Father, Brother and Sister.

MONTGOMERY.—In ever-loving memory of my dear husband, HERBERT MONTGOMERY, of 6 Oak Terrace, who was killed in Egypt on March 27, 1917.
“ A light from our household is gone.
A voice that we loved is stilled ;
A place is vacant in our home
Which never can be filled.
He bravely answered duty’s call,
He gave his life for one and all.”
—Deeply mourned by his sorrowing Wife and Children.

SALISBURY.—In ever loving memory of WILFRID, the dearly beloved son of Mr. and Mrs. E. Salisbury, 17 Clifton Road, who was killed while mine sweeping on March 25th, 1917.
“ A light has from our pathway gone,
A voice we loved is stilled ;
A place is vacant in our hearts
Which can never be filled.”
—From Father, Mother, Brothers, & Sister.


7th Jul 1917. Baby Week at Rugby


The War has led to a quickening of the public conscience in many directions ; and several much-needed reforms, which have long been advocated, but which only three years ago seemed almost unattainable, have already been elected ; while others are daily becoming inevitable. Few subjects have of late met with more sympathetic consideration than that of the welfare of the children ; and in order to seize the favourable opportunity for securing the adoption of measures to arrest the terrible rate of infant mortality which has occasioned so much concern to all thinking people, the past week has been observed throughout the kingdom as a propaganda week for “ baby,” and lectures and demonstrations emphasising the importance of the proper care of the babies have been given in most towns. Rugby has not been behind in the good work, and for some weeks past a committee of ladies has been arranging a local campaign, which opened on Sunday, when sermons bearing on the subject were preached at most of the places of worship.

On Wednesday afternoon a meeting for mothers was held in the Empire. There was a large attendance, and many of the mothers were accompanied by “ His Majesty the Baby ” ; and, despite the infantile accompaniment which was maintained by a number of the little guests, they were heartily welcomed.

Dr A A David presided, and he was supported by Mrs Nevinson (London), Rev R 8 & Mrs Mitchison, Mrs A A David, Mr & Mrs J J. McKinnell, Dr & Mrs Crookes, Mrs F Merttens (President) and Mrs Waddy (secretary of the movement).

The Chairman who addressed the audience as “ Ladies, gentlemen, and babies,” after a few remarks in a lighter vein, said they were there not only to think about their own babies but to be moved to a sense of responsibility about other people’s babies. Every child born in England belonged to the nation. If it grew up into a strong and healthy life the nation was the richer and the stronger, but if it was sickly the nation had to suffer with it, and if it died when it need not have died, then England had lost something which nothing on earth could ever replace. They were told that every year 50,000 babies died in England who need not die. It was not inevitable. He was always suspicious of that word “ inevitable.” Things happened, and people thought they must happen, whereas if they bestirred themselves they need not happen. This week had been set apart to set in motion forces to remedy this state of affairs. When every man and woman in England knew about these things they would care, and when they cared they would find the time would not be long distant when this grievous waste of life and health would be stopped. Then would come a day of new happiness for England, and also of new strength—strength not only for war—if the need ever arose again, which God forbid—but strength also for peace.

[Full report continues in original newspaper]


The great value of the moving pictures as an educational force is well illustrated at the Empire this week, where two excellent propaganda films are being screened. The first, entitled “ Motherhood,” is shown under the auspices of the National Baby Week Council. The picture is remarkably interesting, especially to women, and the correct and incorrect ways of bringing up children.

MUNITIONS TRIBUNAL.-At Coventry Munition Tribunal on Tuesday, H Boult, fitter, Rugby, employed in a Rugby firm, made an unsuccessful application for a leaving certificate. Boult contended that he could be used to better advantage in national service.


At the Rugby Urban Tribunal on Thursday evening the exemptions granted to the Rugby bakers, 30 in number, were reviewed at the instance of the Military. After a lengthy hearing, the Tribunal decided to make no change, and all the exemptions were allowed to stand.


Pte S C Howkins, of the King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry, son of Mr H Howkins, of 9 Manor Road, has been seriously wounded, and as a result his left leg has been amputated. Pte Howkins, who is in a Military Hospital at Newcastle-on-Tyne, is making good progress.

Sapper George Alfred Wright, Royal Engineers, who prior to joining the Army at the beginning of the War was employed in the Controller Department at the B.T.H, was killed in action on June 7th.

News has been received from the War Office that Pte Jack Beech is in hospital with sand fly fever at Amara. He is the son of Mr W G Beech, New Bilton, and has been 3½ years in the Army, which he joined before he was 17 years of age in February, 1914. He has been through the fighting in the Dardanelles, Mesopotamia, and at the capture of Bagdad. In a recent letter from him he writes :—“ We have taken Bagdad, but my pal, Walter Scarlett, of Long Lawford, got killed by my side, poor chap. He died smiling, and I saw him buried.”


Pte Arthur William Woods, son of the late Mr Joseph Woods, of 153 Grosvenor Road, was killed in action on June 10th. Pte Woods, who was 21 years of age and an Old Murrayian, enlisted in the Oxon and Bucks Light Infantry in August, 1914 ; but he afterwards transferred to the Machine Gun Corps. He was invalided home in December, 1916, suffering from septic poisoning, caused by a shrapnel wound, and he returned to France in April.


Two more local men have been taken prisoners of war, and the facts have been communicated to Mr J Reginald Barker, hon secretary of the Rugby Prisoners of War Help Committee, who has made arrangements for these men to receive, on behalf of the Rugby Committee, the standard parcels of food and bread. They are : Pte A Brown, Royal Warwickshire Regiment, interned at Dolmen, whose home is at Dunchurch, and Pte W Line. Buffs Regiment, interned at Soltau, whose home is at Napton. This makes the sixth addition to the Rugby list within a fortnight.

WAR SHRINE.-A war shrine has recently been unveiled at St. Andrew’s Mission Church. The ceremony was performed by the Rector, the Rev C M Blagden, who delivered a brief but inspiring address. This is the first of the shrines to be erected in Rugby.


DEATH OF PTE ELLOITT G HALFORD.—Mr & Mrs Thomas Halford, who for about 20 years were in employ of Mr Rankin, of Brandon Grounds Farm, have received news of the death of their fourth son, Elliott, of the Cheshire Regiment, who fell in action. He had only been out at the front for seven weeks. Two of his elder brothers—Pte Sidney and Corpl Thomas Halford—have been on service for a long time, but nothing has been heard of Sidney for nearly 12 months, and he is reported missing. Deep sympathy is felt for the parents. In a long letter to the parents Elliot Halford’s Platoon Commander say :— “ He was killed about eight o’clock on the morning of the 7th. We had just turned the enemy out of one of our strongholds, and captured one of the highest points of the ridge. Halford was in the foremost line of our attacking troops, and was conducting himself, as he has done all along with the utmost bravery and devotion. A piece of bursting shrapnel overhead caught him, and the only consolation was that he suffered no pain—it was so sudden. . . . He was an exceptionally nice, good fellow. During the short time he was with us your son showed proof of those good qualities of courage, energy, endurance, and good comradeship which would have made him one of the best.”


RIFLEMAN W FLOWERS.-Mr & Mrs John Flowers, of Brook Street, Wolston, have received news of the death of their son, William. He joined up in September, 1914, and was on service in France for about 18 months, being attached to the 10th Rifle Brigade. He fought at Ypres in May, 1915, and in the Battle of Guillemont, and had been missing since September 3, 1916. His parents were thinking that he might be a prisoner of war until a letter came from the War Office announcing his death. Deceased was well known in local cricket and football circles. For the Brandon and Wolston Cricket Club he was a tower of strength in the field, and a daring football player and very popular.


RED CROSS ACTIVITIES.—The Brinklow Branch of the British Red Cross Society has recently been making requisites for the wounded, and the following articles have been sent to the Central Depot in London :—104 comfort bags, 27 mufflers, 22 pairs day socks, 14 shirts, one vest, five pyjamas, seven pairs bed socks, and one feather pillow. Ninety-six of the comfort bags were made by the school children, the mothers giving the material for 23 ; 24 of the mufflers and 14 of the day socks were also made by the children.


PARKINSON.—On 1st inst., at the Military Hospital, Cambridge, of wounds received in action in France, Second-Lieut. HORACE J. A. PARKINSON, the dearly beloved son of Mr. & Mrs. S. Parkinson, of the Old Bank House, Southam.

SANDS.—On June 17th, in Egypt, of diphtheria, Pte. HARRY SANDS, dearly beloved husband of Jennie Sands ; aged 34.—Deeply mourned.

WOOD.-On June 10th (killed in action in France), Pte. ARTHUR WOOD, Machine Gun Corps, son of the late Joseph Wood, 153 Grosvenor Road ; aged 21 years.—
From his loving Brother and Sisters.


BLAND.—In loving memory of our dear son, Pte. C BLAND who was killed in action July 1st, 1916, aged 18 years.
Not dead to those who loved him,
Not lost but gone before ;
He lives with us in memory,
And will for evermore.
From his loving Mother & Father, Sisters & Brothers.

CASHMORE.—In loving memory of FREDERICK ROBERT, youngest son of the late Reuben & Mrs. Cashmore, of Hillmorton, who died from wounds in France on July 5, 1916. “ The love that lingers round his name is more than fame.”—From his sorrowing MOTHER, BROTHER and SISTERS, and his brother JACK in France.

FACER.—In loving memory of my dear husband Lance-Corpl. FREDERICK FACER, who was killed in action on July 3,1916.
“ Not dead to those who loved him ;
Not lost, but gone before.
He lives with us in memory,
And will for evermore.”
—From his loving WIFE and CHILD.

COLLINS.—In loving memory of our dear son, Pte. H. E. COLLINS, who was killed in action in the Battle of Labosal on July 3, 1916, in France ; aged 25. Gloucestershire Regiment.
“ Not dead to those who loved him ;
Not lost, but gone before ;
He lives with us in memory,
And will for evermore.”
—Never forgotten by his loving FATHER and MOTHER, BROTHERS and SISTERS, New Street, New Bilton.

EADON.-In ever-loving memory of our dear son and brother GEORGE, of the R.W.R., who was killed in action in France on July 1, 1916.
“ Our home has never been the same
Since thy voice has silent been ;
Nor is the world the same to us
Since death has come between.”
—Never forgotten by his loving PARENTS, SISTERS and BROTHER.

HAMMOND.—In loving memory of PTE. ARTHUR HENRY HAMMOND, Church Lawford, 2nd Royal Warwickshire Regiment, killed in action in France on July 1, 1916.
“ Peace, perfect Peace.”
—From his loving Wife and Children.

SEENEY.-In loving memory of SIGNALLER W. SEENEY who was killed in France July 2nd, 1916.
Where is our soldier boy to-night ?
Laid in a soldiers grave,
Far, far away in a foreign land
He died like a soldier brave.
Oh, may we meet our boy again
Far up in that home above,
Where war and strife will be no more,
But all will be peace and love.
—From his loving Mother, Brothers, and Sisters.

THOMPSON.—In loving memory of GEORGE BERRY, youngest son of Mr. and Mrs. J. Thompson, Braunston, who fell in action on July 1st, 1916, aged 21, years.—From Father, Mother, and Brother Sid.— “ They miss him most who loved him best.”

WATSON.—In loving memory of Pte. ARTHUR JAMES WATSON, jun., son of Thomas and the late Harriet Watson, of 51 Pinfold Street, New Bilton. Killed in  action in France on July 2, 1916 ; aged 19 years.
“ Somewhere in France there is a nameless grave,
Where sleeps our loved one among the brave ;
One of the rank and file—he heard the call,
And for the land he loved he gave his all.”