Scotton, Frank. Died 9th Apr 1917

Frank [originally Francis] Scotton, was born in Rugby in about 1891, the eldest son of Theophilus and Matilda Scotton. He had five brothers and sisters. He attended Murray Road School.[1]

In 1911 Frank was 20, unemployed and was still living with his family at 8 Argyle Street, Rugby.   However, the records show that later, until just before the war, Frank was working at British Thompson Houston in Rugby.

At the outbeak of war, he enlisted in Rugby as a Private No.11892, in the 5th Battalion of the Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry [Ox and Bucks].

The 5th (Service) Battalion of the Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry was formed at Oxford in August 1914 as part of the First New Army (K1) and then moved to Cranleigh, Guildford and then moved to Salamanca Barracks, Aldershot in February 1915 to be placed under orders of 42nd Brigade in 14th (Light) Division. They mobilised for war and landed at Boulogne on 21 May 1915.

Frank’s Medal Card shows he went to France a few days later on 26 May 1915 and he would have been engaged in various actions on the Western Front including in 1915: the Action of Hooge, and probably experienced part of the first flamethrower attack by the Germans; the Second Attack on Bellewaarde and in 1916: the Battle of Delville Wood, and the Battle of Flers-Courcelette.

At some stage Frank had been wounded,[2] but was returned to action.

Then in 1917 with the German retreat to the Hindenburg Line, the so called Battle of Arras and particularly, the First Battle of the Scarpe (9–14 April 1917) which was conducted in parallel with the attack by the mainly Canadian Divisions on Vimy Ridge, slightly to the north. Both these being in part diversions for a major French attack to the south, which in the event was unsuccessful.

The 14th Light) Division were part of the VII Corps (under Snow) within the Third Army (under Allenby). The Battalion diary[3] summarised the events in Early 1917 …

The Battalion had its full share in the fighting of the first half of this year, suffering the inevitable heavy casualties, but adding still further to its splendid reputation. It took part in the great British offensive which opened on the 9th April, on a ten-mile front, from the south of Arras to the south of Lens; and it was engaged again in the next great offensive on the 3rd May in the same area, losing no fewer than 185 of all ranks in the former and 300 in the latter.

March 1st-15thThe Battalion had one tour of the trenches, losing 1 man killed and 5 men wounded. On the 15th marched to Sombrin, and went into training for the coming offensive.

March 11th – 31stThis period was devoted to strenuous training, including a rehearsal of an attack on the Harp, the German trench system east of Arras at the junction of the front-line system and the Cojeul Switch.

April 4th – The Battalion moved to Dunedin Caves (Made by quarrying chalk for the building of Arras. For our purposes they were now connected by tunnels and lighted by electricity.) One of the six large caves accommodating some 5,000 men. Three officers’ patrols were sent out at night …

April 5th -7th

At Christchurch Cave supplying working parties.

Attack on the Harp. – The operations now in course of preparation were to take the form of a combined attack to the south of Lens. Elaborate Secret Orders were issued between the 3rd and 7th April, and from the 3rd to the 5th a heavy bombardment was carried out. At 7 a.m. on the 7th the following Operation Orders were issued by the 42nd Infantry Brigade:

  1. The units of the 42nd Infantry Brigade will be distributed as follows at zero on “Z” day:
    5th Oxford and Bucks Light Infantry:
    In Sardine Trench (300 yards). In Roach Trench (260 yards). In Trout Trench (250 yards).
    In Salmon Trench (150 yards) from its right flank (western end) to M.6.C.61.51, where old German cable trench cuts it at right angles. Total: 960 yards.
  1. Units will reach their assembly positions as follows … 5th Oxford and Bucks L.I – from Christchurch Cave by Exit No. 14.F. (G.34.d.02.60). Leading troops to start from Cave at 9p.m., and be clear of the Cave by 10p.m. Route to Assembly Trenches – Rue de Temple – Hatter’s Lane and Halifax to Old German Front Line – Halifax and Arras Way to Assembly Trenches; 200 yards distance to be maintained between platoons. Battalion to be in Assembly Trenches by a.m. on 9th inst.

As detailed by O.C. Battalion, 200 yards distance to be maintained between platoons. Battalion to be in Assembly Trenches by 2 a.m. on 9th inst.


The Battalion left the caves at 9 p.m., and was in position in the Assembly Trenches by 12 midnight. No casualties occurred on the way up. There was practically no shelling of the Assembly Trenches till 5.30 a.m. Between 5.30 and 7.30 a.m. the Assembly Trenches were slightly shelled with whizz-bangs and an occasional 4.2-in. chiefly from direction of Tilloy.   During this time one officer and one man were hit. At 7.34 a.m. the advance began. There was a good deal of crowding on the right owing to the Battalion on our right losing direction. This was rectified as much as possible by the company officers on the spot. During the initial stages of the advance there was practically no enemy artillery fire, but there was a certain amount of machine-gun fire from Tilloy; this, however, was mostly high and caused very few casualties. As soon as the leading line came in view of the Harp three machine-guns opened fire from behind Telegraph Work and the string of the Harp. Lewis-guns and rifle-grenades were immediately turned on to them, and their fire slackened sufficiently to enable the infantry to go forward. On reaching the front line about 50 of the enemy gave themselves up without fighting, and were passed back to the rear. There was a certain amount of resistance from the back of Telegraph Work and the string of the Harp, but the Germans gave themselves up as soon as our men reached them. About 50 Germans were captured here. As soon as both objectives had been reached consolidation was at once commenced as follows :

C Company and a part of D Company from N.7.a.6.6 to N.7.a.5.3.
A Company thence along back line of Telegraph Work to N.7.a.4.1.
Remainder of D Company from N.7.a.2.8 to about N.7.a.2.6.
B Company thence to N.7.a.2.0.

During the consolidation a machine-gun opened fire from about N.7.a.6.9, which caused a certain number of casualties. This gun was knocked out by a rifle-grenade, and was captured in conjunction with a bombing-party of the 9th K.R.R.C. About 20 minutes after reaching the objective the captured position was heavily shelled with 77-mm. and 4.2-in. for about half an hour, and a strong barrage of 5.9 in. put along the bank in M.12.b.l.9 for about one and a half hours. There were no troops advancing over this ground at that time. It only caused a certain amount of inconvenience to communications and very few casualties. About 10 a.m. all hostile artillery fire ceased, and consolidation was completed without further molestation. About this time another machine-gun and its crew were found in a dug-out. They gave themselves up without any trouble. It is impossible to state accurately the number of prisoners taken by us, but it is estimated there were about 100. Three machine-guns were also captured.

Our casualties were roughly 5 officers killed, 7 wounded, and about 180 other ranks. The battlefield was cleared of all casualties by 5 p.m., with the assistance of the prisoners.
H. L. Wood, Lieut.-Colonel, Comdg. 5th Bn. Oxford and Bucks Light Infantry

April 10th

The following was issued today: “complimentary order.”

“The Commander-in-Chief has personally requested me to convey to all ranks of the 14th (Light) Division his high opinion of the excellent fighting qualities shown by the Division. The commencement of the great offensive of 1917 has been marked by an initial success in which more than 11,000 prisoners and 100 guns have been taken on the first day alone. The Division has taken a prominent part in achieving this success and maintained the reputation gained last year on the Somme, and added to the laurels of the gallant regiments of which it is composed.

  1. Couper, Major-General, Comdg. 14th (Light) Division.  10th April 1917.

Frank Scotton was originally buried in ‘Telegraph Hill British Cemetery, Neuville-Vitasse, on the South-Western slopes of the hill between Tilloy and Neuville-Vitasse, captured by the 14th Division on the 9 April 1917. The cemetery contained the graves of 147 soldiers from the United Kingdom, almost all of whom belonged to the 14th Division and fell in April 1917.’[4]

The bodies in that cemetery were later moved as part of the ‘concentration’ of smaller cemeteries and the Report notes that a new road was being built through the cemetery. Frank Scotton and many of his colleagues were exhumed and reburied in various sections of the Tilloy British Cemetery. Frank Scotton was buried in Plot: I. BB. 17.

Tilloy-les-Mofflaines is a village 3 kilometres south-east of Arras, on the south side of the main road to Cambrai. The village of Tilloy-Les-Mofflaines was taken by Commonwealth troops on 9 April 1917, but it was partly in German hands again from March to August 1918.

The cemetery was begun in April 1917 by fighting units and burial officers, and Rows A to H in Plot I largely represent burials from the battlefield. The remaining graves in Plot I, and others in the first three rows of Plot II, represent later fighting in 1917 and the first three months of 1918, and the clearing of the village in August 1918. These 390 original burials were increased after the Armistice when graves were brought in from a wide area east of Arras and many smaller burial grounds including the Telegraph Hill British Cemetery, Neuville-Vitasse. The cemetery now contains 1,642 Commonwealth burials and commemorations of the First World War. 611 of the burials are unidentified, but there are special memorials to 14 casualties known or believed to be buried among them.   The cemetery was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens.

Frank was awarded the Victory and British medals and the 1915 Star. He is remembered on the Rugby Memorial Gate.

One of Frank’s younger brothers, Ernest, had been killed earlier in the war on the first day of the Battle of the Somme, 1 July 1916. He was a rifleman in the 2nd Bn. Rifle Brigade and is remembered on the Thiepval Memorial, and is also on the Rugby Memorial Gate [see also Rugby remembers for 1 July 1916[5]].



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This article on Frank Scotton was researched and written for a Rugby Family History Group [RFHG] project, by John P H Frearson and is © John P H Frearson and the Rugby Family History Group, December 2016.

[1]       Rugby Advertiser, 5 May 1917.

[2]       Rugby Advertiser, 5 May 1917.

[3]       Record of the 5th (Service) Battalion, Oxford and Bucks L.I., 1st July 1916 to 30th June 1917, Compiled by Steve Berridge,



Scotton, Ernest. Died 1st Jul 1916

Ernest Scotton’s birth was registered in the third quarter of 1887 in Rugby.  He was baptized in St Andrews Church Rugby, along with his brother Herbert, on 10 February 1889.  His parents were Theophilus and Matilda Scotton and at the time of the birth registrations Theophilus was recorded as a Fireman and the family lived at 4 Argyle Street, Rugby.

In 1891 Ernest was with relatives in the Albert Street area of Leicester and was recorded as aged 3 and nephew of Walter, Willie and Florence Scotton, shoemakers, the sole occupants of the house on that census date.

In 1901 Ernest was 13.  The family lived at 8 Argyle Street.  Ernest had 5 younger siblings. Herbert who was 12, Francis 10, Reuben 8, Dorothy 5 and Stanley aged 3.  Their father was now a Railway Engine Driver.

In 1911 Ernest was 23 and appeared on the census working as a ‘Clerk Piecework’ in an ‘Ordnance Co’, away from home.  He had formerly been employed in the Production Department of the BTH.

He enlisted with his two brothers at the beginning of the war and joined the 2nd Battalion of the Rifle Brigade, as Rifleman No.Z/464 in the 8th Division and 25th Brigade.  He would have been one of the first Rugby men to join the new army, probably enlisting in the 2nd Battalion of the Rifle Brigade in September or October 1914.

The 2nd Battalion was still returning from India (Kuldana in Pakistan), via Bombay, until they arrived at Liverpool on 22 October 1914, and joined 25th Brigade, 8th Division at Hursley Park, Winchester.  They then proceeded to France landing at Le Havre on the 6 November 1914, ready to engage in various actions on the Western Front.

At that date, Ernest was probably still ‘in training’ with other members of the Battalion who it seems were first posted to Queensbury Pier and then to guard duty at Munster.  He entered into the French theatre of war on 17 February 1915, although his obituary suggested he had been in France since December 1914.

He was probably with his Battalion for the British offensive of the Battle of Neuve Chapelle from 10 to 20 March 1915, when the 25th Brigade of the 8th Division assaulted the German trenches and the 2nd Battalion Rifle Brigade incurred severe casualties from machine gun and artillery fire.  During this time, his fellow Rugby Rifleman, George Judd, was killed on 19 March 1915 [See ‘Rugby Remembers’ for that date].

Later that year the 2nd Battalion was involved in the Battle of Aubers Ridge on 9 May [See ‘Rugby Remembers’ for that date], when they suffered further heavy casualties, with fifteen officers and two hundred and forty-eight men killed, and then at the Battle of Loos in September 1915.

On 18 October 1915, 24th Brigade transferred to 23rd Division to instruct inexperienced troops.  In March 1916, 23rd Division took over the front line between Boyau de l’Ersatz and the Souchez River in the Carency sector from the French 17th Division, an area exposed to heavy shelling.  In mid April they withdrew to Bruay returning to the Carency sector in mid-May just before the German attack on Vimy Ridge, in the sector to their right.  On 15 June 1916, 24th Brigade returned to 8th Division.[1]

In 1916, the 2nd Battalion was in action at the Battle of Albert on the first day of the Battle of The Somme as part of the 25th Brigade in the 8th Division.  The four Battalions of the 25th Brigade were involved in the attack towards Ovillers.

The 2nd Lincolns, the 2nd Berkshires, the 1st Royal Irish, and the 2nd Rifle Brigade [making up the 25th Brigade] attacked over open ground. … This attack failed completely. … The 8th Division suffered 5,121 casualties for no gain whatsoever, and also had such terrible losses that it had to be replaced by the 12th Division.[2]

Ernest was killed in action on that first day of the Battle of the Somme, 1 July 1916, presumably in the attack on Ovillers.  He was 29 years old.

His father, who still lived at 8 Argyle Street, received the news in a letter ‘… from a chum of the deceased, who stated that Rifleman Scotton was struck in the head and killed instantly.  The Chaplain also wrote: “He and his regiment did splendidly under very difficult circumstances.  I am sure that your pride in him will help you bear his loss bravely.”[3]

His body was not found or identified and he is remembered on Pier and Face 16B and 16C of the Thiepval Memorial.

The Thiepval Memorial, the Memorial to the Missing of the Somme, bears the names of more than 72,000 officers and men of the United Kingdom and South African forces who died in the Somme sector before 20 March 1918 and have no known grave.  Over 90% of those commemorated died between July and November 1916.  The memorial, designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens, was built between 1928 and 1932 and unveiled by the Prince of Wales, in the presence of the President of France, on 1 August 1932.

He is also remembered on the Rugby Memorial Gates; on the list of BTH Employees Who Served in the War 1914 – 1918 and on the BTH War Memorial.

His medal card shows that he was awarded the Victory and British medals and the 1915 Star.

His brother Frank, who also worked at BTH, was also killed in the war.  He died on 9 April 1917, aged 27, serving with the 5th Battalion of the Oxford and Bucks Light Infantry and is buried at Tilloy British Cemetery, Tilloy-Les-Mofflaines.



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This article on Ernest Cornelius Scotton was researched and written for a Rugby Family History Group [RFHG] project, by Anne Rogers and John P H Frearson and is © Anne Rogers, John P H Frearson and the Rugby Family History Group, June 2016.


[2]      Thomas Scotland and Steven Heys, Understanding the Somme 1916: An Illuminating Battlefield Guide.

[3]      Rugby Advertiser, Saturday, 22 July 1916.