20th Jan 1917. No Grain for Pheasants

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.

THE NEW FOOD ORDERS.
NO GRAIN FOR PHEASANTS.

An 81 per cent wheaten loaf will come into existence by order of Lord Davenport, the Food Controller, on January 29.

Unless the loaf be made of wheat milled to the extent of 81 per cent, the flour must be
mixed with oats, maize, barley, or rice up to that percentage.

Other Orders made by Lord Devonport on Thursday last week were :

Wheat must be used only for seed and floor.
No grain food must be given to pheasants or game birds.
Sweet-making must be reduced by half.
No chocolates may be sold dearer than 4s a lb, and no other sweets dearer than 2s 6d a lb.
No sugar-covered or chocolate-covered cakes must be made.
No milk must be used for milk chocolate before April 1st next.
Export of oats from Ireland is prohibited.
The wholesale price of 1916 potatoes (those now in use), will be £8 a ton—i.e, a shade less than [?] a pound.
Prices are fixed for seed potatoes to plant now.
Very soon Lord Devonport will issue Orders as to the control and distribution of bread, meat, sugar, and milk.

PIG KEEPING.

All pig-keepers, notwithstanding the present high price of feeding stuffs, are urged to make every possible effort to maintain the supply of pigs. Sows with access to shelter will pick up a considerable part of the food they require out of doors. Where grass is scarce, a few swedes or mangolds, together with a pound or two of beans or finely-ground palm kernel cake, will serve to carry most sows through till farrowing time. For fattening pigs, 8 pounds of swedes, boiled, are equivalent to one pound of cereal meals or offals. Small or blemished potatoes are twice as valuable as swedes for feeding purposes ; but these should be reserved for the later stages of fattening.

To supplement roots, the cheapest and most suitable foods at the present time are finely ground palm kernel cake, bean meal, maize gluten feed, and dried grain. Later on, clover, sainfoin, and lucerne, will be available in place of roots, and small holders should consider whether they can find space to add these to their crops.

Edible domestic refuse should be reserved as far as possible for pig-feeding. The pig pail should be kept free from brine, lemons, corks, tins, wire, and other injurious substance.

For fuller information and guidance the Board Leaflet No. 298, on Pig Keeping (free by poet on application), should be consulted.

THE L & N.W & ALLOTMENTS.—The L & N.W Railway Company announce that they will consider applications for the use during the present emergency of vacant land both inside and outside the railway fences, subject to a short agreement and the payment of a nominal rent of 1s per annum. Applicants should address their inquires to the nearest station-master.

LOCAL AID FOR ALLIES’ FARMERS.—According to the latest list issued by the Agricultural Relief of Allies Fund (16 Bedford Square, London, W.C) the central counties of England are credited with the following contributions to the fund :—Notts, £2,608 ; Shropshire, £2,581 ; Northants, £1,847 ; Warwickshire, £1,124 ; Leicestershire, £1,092 ; and Worcestershire, £189.

PRESENTATION.—On Friday evening last week, at the Peacock Hotel, Mr F T Lambert was presented with a gold watch, suitably inscribed, by the soldier munition workers (numbering over 100) employed at Messrs Willans & Robinson’s Works, in recognition of services rendered. Gunner Townsend made the presentation, and the recipient suitably replied. The remainder of the evening was spent in harmony.

LOCAL WAR NOTES.

Among those mentioned in Sir Douglas Haig’s despatches published was Lieut C H Shaw (Hussars), only son of Mr J F Shaw, of Bourton Hall.

Lieut R C Herron, M.T, A.S.C, son of Mr R Herron, of Great Bowden, and formerly of Rugby, was among the list of names mentioned in Sir Douglas Haig’s recent despatch.

PRISONERS OF WAR.

Two more local men have recently fallen into the hands of the Germans. Private A Goodwin, of Rugby, 1st South Staffordshire Regiment, has been interned at Dulmen, and Private E Rollins, of Newton, Oxford & Bucks L.I., is interned at Wahn. In both cases Mr Barker has made arrangements for the men to receive the regulation food parcels. Goodwin will be “ adopted ” by his Regimental Care Committee and Rollins by the Rugby Committee.

LOCAL CASUALTIES.

Lieut. Geoffery H. T. Wanstall, Dorset Regiment, brother of the Rev H C Wanstall, Vicar of Wollaston, Stourbridge, has been severely wounded in France, and is now in a Red Cross Hospital at Le Touquet.

MR J E COX’S SON WOUNDED

News was received from the War Office (Tuesday) morning that G H Cox, of the Warwickshire Yeomanry, son of Mr and Mrs J E Cox, of Lodge Farm, Lawford, was wounded in Egypt on January 9th. Further particulars are not known.

ANOTHER B.T.H MAN KILLED.

News has been received at the B.T.H this week that Pte C B Crossby, of the 11th Royal Warwickshire Regiment, died on November 16th from wounds received whilst acting as a stretcher-bearer. Before the War Pte Crossby was employed in the Carbon Lamp Department.

SOLDIERS’ GRAVES.

The Cemetery Committee had considered the question of setting apart a portion of the Burial Ground for the interment of Rugby soldiers dying through the war and brought home for interment. They recommended that, owing to the lack of room in the Cemetery, no portion be set apart for such interments, but that a selected grave be provided free in every case.

THE REV. C. T. BERNARD McNULTY ON HIS ARMY EXPERIENCE.
BROTHERHOOD IN THE RANKS.

The Rev C T Bernard McNulty, vicar of Holy Trinity, Leamington, and formerly vicar of Dunchurch, has returned to his parish, after an absence of two years and a half at the front as Territorial Army Chaplain.

Preaching on Sunday, he said that in the ranks there was real brotherhood. Men and officers were liable to the same fear, the same anxieties, and the same sorrows and the officers thought first of the men and the men first of the officers.

“ There is no brotherhood so wonderful as the brotherhood which exists in the Army, and once a man puts on khaki he is admitted into that brotherhood. I have learned this lesson in the last two and a half years : Whether you are rich or whether you are poor ; whether you are high or low Church; whether you are Church of England, Roman Catholic, or Nonconformist, or whether you are orthodox Christian or not, when you come to face death, when you come down to the bedrock of the real thing that matters there is nothing much to choose between any of us.”

“ THE EMPIRE’S FIGHTERS.”

This famous war film, for which Mr B Morris paying the largest fee ever paid by a Rugby Cinema proprietor, is being shown at the Empire this week and on Monday there were full “ houses ” at each show. The photographs were taken by Mr H D Girdwood, B.[?] F.R.G.S, geographer and historical photographer to the Indian Government, in many instances under hostile shell fire. The film gives a very vivid impression of life at the front, and of the excellent work which is being done by the gallant British regiments and their brothers-in-arms from India. English Lancers, Jacob’s Horse, Jodhpur Lancers, King’s Dragoon Guard, Gurkhas, Indian and English Artillery, are all shown together with the necessary but often underestimated work of the A.S.C and the R.A.M.C. Several actual incidents in the firing line are depicted, including capture of a German trench by the Gurkhas and the work of consolidating the position, which is shown to be not the simple process many have imagined. Another striking scene is a charge by the Leicesters, who are seen to fall in all directions, but who doggedly had their way through the barbed wire and capture the position. The film is accompanied by Mr Girdwood and his explanations of the incidents add greatly to the interest. Mr Morris has invited the soldiers at the local Red Cross Hospitals to visit the Empire free of charge, and arrangements have also been made for the children attending the Elementary Schools to see the film.

22nd Apr 1916. Local War Notes

LOCAL WAR NOTES.

Mr J H Fazakerley, of the teaching staff of Murray School, has been called up in his Group, and has joined the 17th Battalion R.W.R.

Second Lieutenant Vernon Harris, Royal Warwicks, who at the outbreak of war was a science master at the Lower School, Rugby, has been killed in action.

Mr F J Kittermaster, of Rugby, has received notification from the War Office that his brother, Capt A N C Kittermaster, of the Worcestershire Regt, has been killed in action, Capt Kittermaster was the second son of the late Rev F W Kittermaster, M.A, of Meriden, Coventry, and Bayston Hill Vicarage, Shrewsbury. He was educated at Rugby, where he obtained his “ Cap,” being a member of the School House, 1886 – 1890. From 1896 to 1916 he was an assistant-master at Dulwich College, During the whole of this time he was a devoted and enthusiastic officer of the O.T.C, and for the last five or six years had been the O.C the Dulwich College Contingent. About a year ago he gave up the Boarding House, to which he had lately been appointed, in order to take a commission with the Worcestershire Regiment, and went out to Gallipoli in August. He took part in the evacuation of Suvla and of Cape Helles, and later on accompanied the 13th Division to the East. He was killed on April 4th or 5th.

The Bishop of Worcester points out that the reason for the small number of deacons just ordained in the diocese of Worcester is that he declined to ordain any young men who had not offered themselves for military service.

Pte F Cleaver, of E Company, son, of Mr W Cleaver, of 61 Rowland Street, Rugby, is in the Canadian Hospital, Dorsetshire, suffering from a bullet wound in the right side and back, and is progressing well. Another son of Mr Cleaver was discharged from the Army four months ago as the result of a severe wound.

The Director of Education for Warwickshire (Mr Bolton King) has drawn up a most interesting report, based upon returns sent in by the head teachers of all the elementary schools in the county. Ex-schoolboys who have obtained commissions include 1 Lieutenant-Colonel, 2 Majors, 10 Captains, 65 Lieutenants, 76 Sub-Lieutenants. Of these 154, 67 had all their education at the elementary and sometimes perhaps in the evening schools. One school at Rugby had ten commissioned officers, and another in a mining district six.

LIEUT HAROLD MANSFIELD KILLED.

News has reached Rugby of the death in France of Lieut Harold Mansfield, who at the time war broke out was a clerk in the Steam Shed Office at Rugby, and joined the Howitzer Battery. Recently he obtained a commission, and was transferred to another branch of his Majesty’s Forces.

SPRING FLOWERS AT COTON HOUSE.

Mr Arthur James will open the grounds and gardens to the public, on Saturday and Sunday next, April 22nd and 23rd. Visitors are requested to keep to the paths, and not take dogs with them.

WHAT THE SOLDIER THINKS OF THE CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTOR.

The Rev. C. T. Bernard McNulty, chaplain to the Forces in France, who is home on a month’s leave, preached at Leamington on Sunday. He said : “ I cannot tell you of the feelings of wonder and disgust with which we at the front read some of the claims for exemption under one pretext or another, especially the claims of the men who seek to evade duty in the name of the conscience—the ordinary conscientious objector. There are no conscientious objectors in France, no disputing who shall be first and who shall be last. In France every man wants to be first. In France compulsory military service is cheerfully and gladly obeyed by all classes. Laymen as well as clergy submit gladly to the stern, though necessary, demands of their Government.”

The Bishops of the Church of England, he added, had decided that it was not fitting that the clergy should join the combatant branches of the services. He sometimes wondered whether the Church, in coming to that decision, had not lost a golden opportunity. If, when the men came back they found clergy who had suffered with them in the trenches and endured the same hardships and faced the same risks he was sure they would flock to the churches.

THE TRIBUNALS AT WORK.

RUGBY URBAN DISTRICT.

Held at the Benn Buildings on Monday evening. Mr J J McKinnell presided, and there were also present : Messrs W flint, L Loverock, and W H Linnell. Major Neilson and Mr F M Burton represented the Military Authorities. Colonel F F Johnstone (Recruiting Officer) and Capt Allen (Supervisor of Military Representatives) were also present.

A CONFLICT OF EVIDENCE.

The first case was the adjourned one in which a dentist, living in Rugby, appealed on the grounds of ill-health. Mr Morson (Clerk) said this case had been adjourned at the wish of the Military Authorities for the appellant to be examined before the Medical Board at Warwick. On presenting himself at the Drill Hall, however, it was stated that he was refused a passport. However, he went to Warwick, where he was also refused an examination. Owing to registration difficulties, the Tribunal were doubtful as to whether they had any jurisdiction in the case, and he had written to the local Government Board. That Department had replied to the effect that on the evidence placed before them the application of the man was properly made to the Local Tribunal. The question was not affected by the fact that he was registered elsewhere. The requirement was not that a man should attend before any specified medical board, but that he should be examined by a medical practitioner nominated by the Military. Whether there had been an offence under the Registration Act was a question for the Registrar-General. Mr Morson said the man now produced a registration card stating that was registered under an address at Northampton. At the time he was registered he was boating on the Thames. He also had places at Rugby, Nuneaton, and Bedford, and he had produced a medical sheet signed by a doctor at Luton.

Mr Harold Baden represented the appellant, and said he had two medical certificates which he thought would satisfy the Tribunal. The Military Authorities asked for the man be medically examined at Warwick, and the man immediately went to the Drill Hall. Lieut-Col Johnstone was not there, but the sergeant gave appellant a form. A little later he saw Lieut-Col Johnstone, who told him that if he would come down in the afternoon he would see what could be done. The man realised his difficulty owing to not having been registered in the district, and he again went down in the afternoon, but apparently nothing could be done. In accordance with the wish of the Tribunal, the man made every endeavour to go through with it, and he went to Warwick, but was there met with the difficulty that he was an unattested man, and he had no pass or permit from the Military Authorities at Rugby, and his journey was futile. He asked the Tribunal to accept the certificates, which were perfectly bona-fide and honest. One was on a proper military form, and both of them-one granted at Blackpool, and the other at Luton—certified to the same fact, that the man was medically unfit.

Col Johnstone pointed out that these certificates were not signed by a recognised army doctor. Their orders were that men were to be examined before a medical board at Warwick. A medical history sheet or passport was given to the man by the sergeant, who was unable to be present that evening, to take to Warwick.

The Chairman asked if the fact that a man produced at Warwick a medical history sheet from the Recruiting Office at Rugby would be in itself an order to them to make a medical examination.—Col Johnstone : Yes.

Mr Eaden said with regard to Col Johnstone’s statement, his instructions were that the sergeant handed his client a form, which he took to be in order, until later on when he saw Col Johnstone, and then he understood that as his registration was not in order he could not use the form ; consequently, when he went to Warwick, he could not produce the form.—Appellant corroborated, and said he was told by Col Johnstone that he could not use the form.—Mr Eaden suggested that one of the certificates he produced was a military one, because if the doctor had nothing to do with the military he would not have been able to sign it.—The appellant said he did not take the form which was given to him by the sergeant to Warwick, because he was told by the Colonel that he was not entitled to it.

Col Johnstone then gave evidence, and said that the certificate produced by Mr Baden was not a medical history sheet, but an attestation paper, and although this was signed by a doctor to the effect that the man was unfit, it could not be accepted as an official document of the man’s rejection. A medical history sheet could be obtained from the clerk, and he told that official to give appellant one, and he believed this was done. He (Col Johnstone) also told the man that he could go through a medical examination by the Medical Board at Warwick.—The Chairman : Appellant says the impression left on his mind by the examination was that it was useless to take the form.—Col Johnstone : I don’t see how he could get hold of that impression at all.—In reply to Mr Eaden, (Col Johnstone said there was nothing to prevent him from giving a man a medical history sheet, if he came for one.—Mr Burton : If a conscript has an appeal pending, those grounds are sufficient for a medical history sheet to be given to him ?—Col Johnstone : Yes.—Appellant : The Colonel told me I was not entitled to a medical history paper, because he had no jurisdiction over me because I was not registered here.—Col Johnstone : Then why go to Warwick after all ?-Mr Eaden said if the man had taken the form which was given to him to Warwick he would have been acting under a misrepresentation, because he had been told that he ought not to use it.—Mr Burton pointed out that had appellant complied with the conditions of the Registration Act he would not have found himself in this dilemma. He asked for an adjournment for Sergt Patterson, who gave the man the form, to be present. He would have attended that evening, only he was unwell.—Mr Eaden : There are four Military representatives here. That is sufficient without Sergt Patterron.—The case was adjourned for a week for appellant to go before the medical board.

APPEAL FOR A MONOTYPE OPERATOR.

The Rugby Advertiser Co, Ltd, applied for an exemption for a monotype keyboard operator who was 39 years of age and indispensable. This case had been adjourned a week for the man to undergo a medical examination at Warwick, and he had now been passed for general service.—Mr. Hopewell pointed out in his statement of claim that the man had during the last six months worked on a monotype setting machine to release another younger man of military age, who is now in the army ; and he also acted as a machine feeder, by doing which he also released another man who had also joined the army. On medical grounds he was rejected when he offered himself in November, 1914, and when he attested under Lord Derby’s Scheme on December 8, 1915, the doctor would only pass him for home service. The machine worked by him was an exceptionally intricate one, and, as it was quite modern, they could not get older men to work it. The Tribunal granted an exemption till June1.

SCARCITY OF SLAUGTERMEN AT RUGBY.—Before dealing with the adjourned cases of several slaughtermen, the Tribunal asked Mr F Reeve, President of the Master Butchers Association, to explain the situation to them.—Mr Reeve pointed out that there were only nine qualified men who could dress a beast from start to finish in Rugby, and there were only nine butchers who had slaughtermen. Already they were co-operating in this matter. He himself had been without a man for 18 months. His son and three young men had gone, and he could not replace them. If these young men went, he did not know how they would manage.—The Chairman : Can’t you spare any.—Mr Reeve replied that he did not think they could. They did not wish to keep these men back, and they were doing all they could in the matter. The weather would be very difficult when it became warmer, and they would only be able to kill cattle in the evening. It was a very difficult thing for one man to kill a beast on his own, or for two men to do so, in the hot weather. Questions were asked as to whether or not the master butchers themselves were not qualified to slaughter if they were in a tight corner.—Mr Reeve said he could but be could not speak for others.—Mr Linnell thought all the master butchers had gone through the mill.—Mr Reeve said they required practice, and also they were not getting any younger. It was very difficult to dress a beast.-In reply to Mr Flint, he said there was now about one slaughterman to two butchers. Over 40 young men had been lost by the local butchers, and most of them were qualified slaughtermen. From 45 to 50 beast, about 250 sheep, 200 pigs, as well as calves and lambs were killed in Rugby every week. He asked the Tribunal to take into consideration the fact that there was not an ice factory in Rugby, and that a shortage of this commodity was threatened. Then, too, they must have qualified men to do the slaughtering, or the humane people would be on them.—The Chairman : Apart from that, it is the fact that if a beast is properly slaughtered it makes better food.—The appeals on behalf of three single slaughtermen were then considered, and exemptions were granted till October 1st.

OTHER CASES.

A young man appealed for an exemption to allow him to complete his articles to a local chemist, which would expire on July 31st. He also wished to go in for a qualifying examination, which would necessitate four or six months’ course at College.—The Military Authorities recommended an exemption til August 1st, and this was confirmed.

A master butcher and slaughterman appealed on the ground that he was the sole support of a widowed mother. He had one brother, who was married. The Military Authorities offered an exemption till May 15th, but the Tribunal granted a conditional exemption.

A conditional exemption till October 15th was granted to an employe of Messrs Willans & Robinson’s, who wished to go to Nigeria to erect machinery at some tin mines there.

The Military Authorities offered conditional exemption in the cases of several young single bakers, but it was discovered that all of these were under the age of 25 and therefore not in a certified trade. It was decided to grant conditional exemption in each case, and if they wished the Military could ask for a revision of the certificate.

ABSENTEES UNDER THE MILITARY SERVICE ACT.

Two absentees under the Military Service Act were before the Birmingham magistrates on Monday. They were George K Earl, aged 34, farm labourer, of Yelvertoft, near Rugby, and William Price, aged 19, of 8 Claremont Road, Rugby, a carpenter. In the first case Earl had not registered, and had been working in various parts of the country. He should have reported himself on March 1st.—The Chairman remarked that the prisoner had rendered himself liable to a fine of £25, but as that was the first case to come before them they would let him off with £3, at the same time ordering him to await a Military escort.

In the case of Price, who should have joined on March, 16th the prisoner told the magistrates he went to see the Military Authorities, and the recruiting officer told him that they would send him straight away, but he said. “ What about my widowed mother ?” The recruiting officer said they would send someone to see her, but he replied that it was no use.—Eventually the Military Authorities said he could go, and they would send him another paper. He had not received it, and had not troubled since. He had supported the home since his father died, and was the only son. There was a baby just a year old.—In reply to other questions, he said he had not attested as his employer was on Government work, and told him not to bother, and if anything was said to refer the authorities to him. It was not that he did not want to do his bit.—A fine of £2 was imposed, and he was ordered to await his escort.

12th Feb 1916. Another Interesting Letter from the Front

ANOTHER INTERESTING LETTER FROM THE FRONT.

The Rev CT Bernard McNulty, Vicar of Holy Trinity, Leamington, contributes to his Parish Magazine for this month another interesting letter written from the Headquarters, Divisional Artillery, British Expeditionary Force, where he is attached as a chaplain.

“ I write again,” he says, “ from this little village in France, a village in which every little farmhouse, and every tumble-down barn, is crowded with British soldiers—troops to whom the inhabitants as a rule show much kindness and consideration, and yet think what such a state of affairs means to the people here ! The best rooms in their houses are given us, the very straw is turned out of their barns in order to make room for our men ; consider how very small is the payment which the French people receive from their Government for all this, when compared to the prices paid in England for the billeting of troops. In England the house-holder receives 3s a night for every officer who sleeps in his house, and in many cases there are several officers in the one house, and for every private soldier payment of 6d a night is made ; but here in this country the rate of payment is one franc (8d) a night per officer, and 1/2 d a night for each soldier ! When troops are stationed in any district in England, it means an enormously increased prosperity in that particular locality, or town, but here the inhabitants gain very little pecuniary benefit by our presence, for with the exception of eggs and vegetables bought from the small farms, any extras which the soldiers purchase are bought at our army canteens, a number of which are provided in every division. Yet the people, with but few exceptions, are as a rule kind and obliging, at any rate, such has been my experience, and why ? Because they fully realise that we are here to protect and safeguard their homes from a foe who is close to their very doors, and they know full well that the safety and welfare of their country is at stake, and on every French person’s lips to-day there is but one motto. It is this: ‘ Honneur et Patrie.’

“ A few days ago I passed through several French villages, and in each village, here and there, I noticed houses brightly decorated with evergreens and holly, whilst over the door in large letters the motto was printed. I asked the reason for this, and I was told that the recruits of the 1916 class were being called out, and soon I saw companies of lads marching away from their villages, as years ago their fathers marched, for there are practically no men to-day in France who do not know what it is to fight in the wars. How it thrilled my heart to see these lads ! Strong, healthy-looking youths, tramping along with their rifles on their shoulders, with heads held high, and a smile on their lips, leaving their homes, yet bravely hiding the aching hearts proud that at last the looked-for day had come for them, when they could don the uniform of their army. ‘ Honneur et Patrie.’ Such were the words over each home from which a son had gone forth, and the parents’ hands had put up those evergreens, had written the glorious motto. They, too, had hidden the aching heart. Is it not a matter of rejoicing, say they, for has not our boy gone forth to the war ? And in the silence of the night, as they whisper his name in their prayers, it will be as if they heard the voice of God answering ‘ Honneur et Patrie ‘ !

“ Ah, yes, this is the dominating thought throughout the length and breadth of France, the one thought influencing the actions of all its people. It is honour and country which makes one man eager to go forth to the battery or the trench. It is the self-same motto which makes his brother work earnestly and cheerfully in factory or workshops. In the workshops the same golden motive is inspiring labour. They know that they toil for something higher and nobler than wages. The other day I was speaking to a French interpreter, a member of one of France’s noblest families, like many another French nobleman serving to-day as a private in the army of France. He told me that his brother had large munition works near Paris, and that the workmen had petitioned that they might be allowed to work on Sundays. They stated, as their reason, that they felt they could not rest that day, whilst their brothers were fighting in the trenches ! Dare I say that the sanctity of the Sabbath is violated by labour undertaken from such a motive ?

“ Soon there is to be in Great Britain a very modified form of compulsory service. Whatever may have been our opinions on that subject in the past, to-day such a course is right because it is necessary. It is necessary for honour and country. Let that sublime thought silence the voice of opposition, and let those who are called upon to send forth their sons, remember the decorated homes of France !

“ ‘ Honneur et Patrie.’ May that, indeed, be the proud motto for all in our country during this year of 1916. I can wish no grander thing. May it be the sole motive underlying the sayings and actions of every politician who sits within the walls at Westminster. May that same motive lighten the labours of thorn who toil in our workshops, making both employers and men earnest and faithful. May it make the women of our country eager and proud to send forth their manhood, and may that same thought make our soldiers brave in the face of danger. May it also bring consolation to those who mourn ! ”

LETTERS FROM OLD MURRAYIAN8.

Mr W T Coles Hodges, headmaster of the Murray School, has received several letters from Old Boys with the Colours.

Ptes C E Williams and E A Welch, C Section, Machine Gun Company, 143rd Infantry Brigade, write:—

“ We chaps of the Machine Gun are now no longer attached to our old Battalion, for we have been formed into a Machine Gun Company; find so we are away from the rest of they old “ E ” Company. However, we are still able to see them occasionally, and we are pleased to say that they all seem to keep in fairly good health. Would you kindly thank the Rugby Territorial Comforts Committee from the Rugby boys of the Machine Gun Company for all the gifts they so kindly sent us, which were handed on to us by Q.M.Sergt Tomlinson. They were much appreciated by all. At present, there are only two Old Murrayians in our section. The trenches are a little better now than they have been for a month or two. We still have our share of mud, but it is drying up a treat.

“ Fritz is as amiable as ever, only just lately he has begun to talk too much with his artillery. He always get paid back with interest, though, by our artillery, which includes the Rugby Howitzer Battery. We are out of the trenches now, but go in again shortly. While out, we have to man a gun for anti-aircraft purposes, and we are anxiously waiting for a Taube to come over, so that we can warm our gun up a little.”

W Holmes, a sailor boy on one of H.M. warships, has also written to Mr Hodges, stating that he is having a good time and is now at sea.

LOCAL WAR NOTES.

In response to the appeal of the Rugby Womens’ Volunteer Reserve for fresh fruit and vegetables for the sailors—who have to depend upon gifts from friends for such luxuries—a gift ? held at the Murray School on Friday in last week, when neatly 7cwt. of produce, consisting of artichokes, parsnips, oranges, apples, beet, cabbage, onions, carrots, turnips, etc, were received. The gifts were afterwards packed up under the supervision of Captain , Moss and Quartermaster Dickinson, of the W.V.R.

NEW BILTON SOLDIER WOUNDED.

Mr C Pegg, of 1 Addison Road, New Bilton, received an official intimation that his son, Pte George Pegg, of the Leicestershire Regiment, was wounded on January 6th. Particulars of nature of the wounds have not yet come to hand.

 

PTE FREDK BAXTER DIES OF WOUNDS.

Pte Fredk Baxter, youngest son of Mrs Baxter, New Street, New Bilton, who, as we recently reported, was seriously wounded in the knee in France on January 7th, died as the result of his injuries in Colchester Hospital on Saturday. Pte Baxter, who belonged to the Royal Warwickshire Regiment, was out with a scouting party when a bullet passed through his knee, killing the officer in charge who was behind him. Pte Baxter was brought to England about three weeks ago, and it was ascertained that his injury was so serious that it was found necessary to amputate the limb. At first he made good progress, and it was hoped that he would ultimately recover, but towards the end of last week he became worse, and his mother was summoned on Saturday, but he died before she reached the hospital. He was 26 years of age, and joined the army after the outbreak of war. The body was brought to Rugby, and the funeral took place in the Cemetery yesterday (Friday) afternoon.

[Private Baxter is remembered on the Croop Hill War Memorial]

SCHOOLBOYS WITH ARMLETS.

We understand that every master of military age at Rugby School has attested or been rejected, and a number of the senior boys of the school may be seen wearing armlets, showing they, too, have done their duty in this connection.

RECRUITING AT RUGBY.

There have been very few enlistments under the Group System during the past week, but the majority of those who have presented themselves were single men. We would remind single men who have not yet attested that the Group System so far as they are concerned comes to an end this month, after which time they will be automatically absorbed into the Army.

POST OFFICE NOTICE.

REDUCTION OF DELIVERIES IN RUGBY.

On and from Monday, the 21st inst, there will only be two deliveries on weekdays in Rugby, at 7 a.m and 12.30 p.m. Sunday deliveries will remain for the present.

In the rural districts the deliveries are being limited to one daily, and these changes are being carried out as circumstances permit.

PROTECTIVE MEASURES AGAINST ZEPPELINS.

CONFERENCE IN BIRMINGHAM.

A DEMAND FOR EARLY WARNING.

The conference of representatives of Midland authorities, convened by the Lord Mayor of Birmingham (Alderman Neville Chamberlain), to consider the question of the better protection of the Midlands in the event of further aircraft raids, was-held on Wednesday afternoon at the Council House Birmingham. The Lord Mayor presided, and there was a large and representative attendance of nearly 100 public gentlemen from all parts of the counties of Warwick, Worcester, and Stafford.

A resolution was passed calling on the military authorities to organise a system for giving an early warning of the approach of hostile aircraft and information as to subsequent movements inland. A committee was appointed to lay before the authorities the methods which the meeting considered would best the situation.

The meeting then proceeded to discuss the various methods to be adopted in giving warning to the public, and while so engaged a telegram was received by the Lord Mayor from the Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department, stating that “ the matter of organisation for conveying to police, factories, etc, information of movements of hostile aircraft being actively pressed forward by Field-Marshal Commanding-in-Chief Home Forces in co-operation with Post Office.”

TEST MOBILISATION OF BOY SCOUTS.

On Wednesday, February 2nd, a surprise mobilisation, was held of the town, troops of the Boy Scouts, the idea being to ascertain how soon the boys could turn out in the event of their being required in case of an air raid, to assist the public organisations such as the St John’s Ambulance Brigade, Red Cross Nurses, Fire Brigades, etc.

Although the Scouts were quite unaware when the mobilisation would take place, 50 responded to the call, and assembled on the B.T.H. Athlete Field. A number of the boys, of course, were prevented by overtime, and by evening classes, from taking part. After the mobilisation had taken place, the boys were practised in outpost and sentry duty under the following scheme :— Important military stores were supposed to be located in the field, the Scouts being deputed to defend same from hostile attack while some kind friends had previously undertaken to set as “ enemies ” and. endeavour to obtain access to these stores. Some of these spies were duly caught by the Scouts…

DEARTH OF PETROL

The supply of petrol available for the use of owners of private motor cars will in future be considerably restricted.

Nearly a month ago restrictions upon the supplies of petrol were foreshadowed by the British Petroleum. Company in a circular which they sent out. Now, by some companies at any rate a limit has been placed upon the number of gallons to be supplied to various districts. Hitherto the public have paid little attention to the warnings they have received that, in the national interests, private users should exercise the utmost economy. The restrictions upon the supply which have now been put into force do not affect the owners of vehicles used for commercial purposes.

THE MILK SUPPLY.

COTTAGERS & GOAT-KEEPING.

A very interesting circular has been issued by the Board of Agriculture and Fisheries, pointing out how in certain districts goat-keeping might be extended with advantage. It is well known (says the “ Lancet”) that many cottagers and others living outside the area of retail delivery find it difficult to obtain milk for their families. The large dairy farms are, as a rule, under contract to supply milk to distributing agencies in towns, or else they, turn their milk into cheese and butter. As the Board rightly says, all the objections which apply to the keeping of a cow by a cottager would be met in the case of a goat. The first; expenditure for its purchase is within his means, the housing accommodation is reduced to a minimum, the food costs little, and there is no great expense to be borne for the maintenance of the animal.

Even in the event of a cow’s milk supply being available, goats may profitably be kept to supply milk for domestic use. It is, as a rule, a most wholesome milk, and its flavour, if the food of the animal is regulated, is not any real drawback to its employment. Moreover, goat’s milk is easily digested by children, and especially infants, and, as is well known, it is fair lets likely than cow’s milk to contain tubercle bacilli of animal origin. The average goat will give at its flush three pints of milk a day, and, on the whole, calculations based on extreme cost of keep, outlay, and so forth, show that while a good supply of milk could be maintained, a very fair profit could be made. The suggestion is a valuable one, and the information contained in this circular as to how to start goat-keeping, as to the choice of breeds, as to breeding itself, housing, feeding, tethering, milking, and the care of the milk, and so forth, should be spread up and down the land.

The composition of cow’s milk and goat’s milk is much the same, although goat’s milk is superior as regards fat, which is an advantage. Human milk differs chiefly from goat’s and cow’s milk in that it contains a much smaller proportion of mineral salts and casein.

 

TO RELATIVES OF WOUNDED SOLDIERS.

AN OFFER FROM CHICHESTER.

Mr Robert Bottrill, of Rugby House. Chichester, wishes to be informed when Rugby soldiers are patients in the Graylingwell War Hospital. If relatives will communicate with him, he says he. will be very pleased to visit such soldiers and to take them motor rides ; also, if any friends of the wounded would like to visit them at Chichester, Mr Bottrill offers to provide them with a bed, etc. He adds : “ I believe we have had several Rugby boys here, and I have missed them.”

Mr. Bottrill is a native of Rugby, which explains his desire to show kindness to wounded soldiers from homes in the town who may be staying in the Graylingwell Hospital.