23rd Mar 1918. Daylight Saving, Arrival of “Summer Time”

DAYLIGHT SAVING.
ARRIVAL OF “ SUMMER TIME.”

We remind our readers that after midnight on Saturday, March 23rd, [?] on Sunday, March 24th, they must but their clocks FORWARD one hour.

It may for convenience be done when going to bed on Saturday night.

The period of saving has been extended this year five weeks, and will terminate on Sept. 29.

LOCAL WAR NOTES.

Cadet C Wright, son of Mr E Wright, of Long Lawford, who was sent home in July last (while on active service in France) for a commission, has been gazetted Second-Lieutenant in the 4th Batt. Royal Warwickshire Regt.

FOOD PARCELS OR MONEY FOR SOLDIERS AT THE FRONT.
SYMPATHY FOR DEAR FRIENDS AT HOME.

A letter which has a bearing on this subject comes from a Rugbeian in an Artillery Regiment on the Western Front. He writes :—

“ How good of you to send us a P.O. I happened to be ‘ stoney broke,’ and we had a feed that night. We can get things at our canteen very cheap. Can get a brand of tobacco for 5d per ounce which costs at home 8½d. I see you are all on the ration system in England. We live extremely well, and begin to feel sorry for all our dear friends at home having to go so short.”

It will, therefore, be seen that, as far as the Western Front is concerned, plenty of food can be procured, provided the men have the money. But in Egypt, and Mesopotamia it is probable that parcels of suitable food which will not suffer from climatic conditions will be more useful.

THE TRIBUNALS AT WORK.
RUGBY URBAN DISTRICT.

Thursday, March 14th. Present : Messrs J J McKinnell (chairman), L Loverock, T A Wise, W H Linnell, and W A Stevenson. Mr H P Highton was the National Service representative.

The case of a jersey manufacturer (31) was again considered.—The case had been adjourned for the man to be examined by the Volunteer Corps doctor. He had not received notice to submit to this examination, however ; and even if he was passed fit, he would not now be able to attend the drills, because since the case was last heard his wife had died, and he had one to look after his house. He was making Cardigan jackets for the War Office, and he had not done any civilian work since May. He had not tried to get a protection he thought it fairer to leave for the Tribunal to decide.—The case was further adjourned, and Mr Morson was directed to communicate with Capt C H Fuller. The man was also advised to approach the War Office with a view to obtaining protection.

Other results were :—Clerk, 23, single, B3, June 15th, and advised either to get work in a munitions factory as a clerk or on the land. Fruiterer, 41, married, June 1st, on condition that he took up work of national importance for three days a week. July 15th plumber, married, and wholesale grocer, 40 married. July 1st, blacksmith’s doorman, 33, married, and accountant clerk, 41, single. June 1st, church caretaker, 42, married, and printer’s machinist.

THE NEW SYSTEM OF ALLOCATING MEAT SUPPLIES.
A GILBERTIAN SITUATION.

At a Meeting of the Rugby Food Control Committee on Thursday afternoon a resolution was passed protesting against the new system of allocating stock to butchers by which the stock in a market is divided out amongst the whole of the towns in the scheduled area which are represented at the market. As a result of this system the Rugby butchers must attend every market in Warwickshire, Worcestershire, Staffordshire, Herefordshire, and Shropshire before applying to the deputy meat agent for a further supply to make up their quota—a proceeding denounced by several members as wasteful and ridiculous.

(A report of the discussion will appear next week.)

THE PRIME MINISTER AND POTATOES.
APPEAL FOR A MILLION MORE ACRES.

A letter has been issued from 10 Downing Street for publication in the Press. It says :—“ I desire to impress upon all farmers and small growers the vital importance of increasing, to the utmost extent possible, the supply of potatoes this year. There is no crop under existing war conditions which can compare with it in importance as a food for either man or beast, and it would be quite impossible to plant too many potatoes this spring. . . . If we can get a million acres under potatoes in Great Britain this year the food situation will be safe, and farmers will have rendered an immense service to their country. The grower is in the front line of the fight against the submarine. He can defeat it if he chooses, but victory depends on his action and exertions during the next few weeks.—D LLOYD GEORGE.

THE DUNCHURCH ESTATE AGAIN ON THE MARKET.

Messrs May & Rowden, of London, in conjunction with Messrs James Styles & Whitlock, of Rugby, announce that they will sell by auction in June various portions of this property, extending to about 4,550 acres, including the whole of the parishes of Church Lawford and Kings Newnham and a portion of Dunchurch parish.

DEATHS.

MEREDITH.—November 20th, 1917, killed in action near Cambrai, OWEN WATKIN WYNN HARDINGE MEREDITH, 2nd Lieut. R.F.C., aged 24, the only and beloved child of the late Ven. Thomas Meredith, M.A., Vicar of Wolston and Archdeacon of Singapore, and of Mrs. Meredith, Park Road, Leamington.

IN MEMORIAM.

CHEDGEY.—In ever-loving memory of Sergt. PERCY JAMES CHEDGEY, Bitteswell, Lutterworth, who gave his life for his country in France on March 22, 1917.
“ To live in the hearts those we love is not to die.”

DODSON.—In loving of our dear son, Rifleman WILLIAM DODSON, who died of wounds, March 24th, 1915.
“ We loved him—oh ! no tongue can tell
How much we loved him, and how well.
His fresh young life could not be saved,
And now he lies in a hero’s grave.”
—From his loving Mother, Father, Brothers, & Sister.

FOX.—In memory of our dearly loved son, NORMAN H. FOX, killed in action, March 21st, 1915.
—From Father and Mother, who loved him better than life.

HADDON.—In loving memory of Lance-Corpl. C. F. HADDON, of the Winnipeg Rifles, who was killed at Vimy Ridge on March 29, 1917.—Not forgotten by loved ones at home.

LEESON.—In loving memory of our two dear lads, ALBERT (Bert), killed in action, March 20, 1917, and FRED ( Bob), missing since September 25, 1915.
“ Two of the best that God could send — Loving sons and faithful friends.”
—From Father, Mother, Brothers, Sister, & Hilda.

LANGHAM.—In loving memory of HAROLD F LANGHAM, who died of wounds in France on March 23, 1917.
“ He sleeps not in his native land,
But under foreign skies ;
Far from his friends who loved him best,
in a hero’s grave he lies.”
—From his Father, Brother and Sister.

MONTGOMERY.—In ever-loving memory of my dear husband, HERBERT MONTGOMERY, of 6 Oak Terrace, who was killed in Egypt on March 27, 1917.
“ A light from our household is gone.
A voice that we loved is stilled ;
A place is vacant in our home
Which never can be filled.
He bravely answered duty’s call,
He gave his life for one and all.”
—Deeply mourned by his sorrowing Wife and Children.

SALISBURY.—In ever loving memory of WILFRID, the dearly beloved son of Mr. and Mrs. E. Salisbury, 17 Clifton Road, who was killed while mine sweeping on March 25th, 1917.
“ A light has from our pathway gone,
A voice we loved is stilled ;
A place is vacant in our hearts
Which can never be filled.”
—From Father, Mother, Brothers, & Sister.

 

Langham, William. Died 16th Oct 1915

William Langham was born in about 1887 in Rugby.

He was the son of John Langham who was born in Rugby, c.1860. In 1881, John, described as a labourer and, with Sarah and a baby John, was living in a very crowded ‘licensed lodging house’ at 58 Gas Street, Rugby. On 25th July 1881 John Langham married Triniti Fletcher at St Paul’s Church, Warwick. When baby John was christened later that year on 7 October 1881, at Holy Trinity, Rugby, his mother’s name is recorded as ‘Tranette’, presumably a mistranscribed Trinity Langham, who would be recorded as John’s wife on all subsequent occasions.

Whether the Sarah named in the census was the same person as Trinity is unknown, it does not appear to be just a mistake name as the age and birthplace is different! Of course, it is possible that the enumerator made a gross error and he entered someone else’s details. Also, since this is a lodging house, the relationship of this family is just given as lodger. Sarah could be a relative of John, who was looking after the baby.

However by 1891, John Langham was with his wife, Trinity, who was born in Banbury, c.1865. He seems to have moved about in the intervening years, judging by the birthplaces of the children, and without obtaining birth certificates, it is uncertain who was the mother of the next three.   Louisa was born in Leamington in 1883; Richard Langham was born in Coventry in 1885 and William Langham was born back in his father’s home town, Rugby in 1887.   A John William died in 1887 A further child, George Henry Langham was Christened on 23 August 1889 at St Andrew, Rugby, the mother recorded as ‘Tranett’, presumably a mis-transcribed Trinity! George Henry died aged one in later 1890.

By 1891 the family were living at 11 Riley Court and John was a bricklayer’s labourer.

A further son, Albert Edward Langham was christened on 7 February 1896 at New Bilton, but died very soon afterwards, his death registered in the same quarter

By 1901 there were eight living children. The four youngest were all born in Rugby: Arthur Langham in about 1891; Lizzie Langham in 1893; Harry Langham in 1897 and Lillian Langham in 1899. The three eldest brothers, including 14 year old William were now all labourers at the cement works and the family was living at 18 New Street, New Bilton, Rugby. In 1901, William’s sister, Louisa, who was now 18, was no longer at home, as she had married William Burborough earlier in the year, he was also a labourer at the cement works, so may have been introduced to her by her brother and his workmate, William Langham.

In 1908, John Langham died, aged 53 (his death being registered in the first quarter). Very soon afterwards, and registered in the third quarter , his widow, Trinity Langham, married William Welsby in Rugby.

For the 1911 census William; his mother – still listed as ‘Mrs Langham’! – and his elder brother, Richard, had moved to live at 14 New Street, New Bilton. Not being familiar with the census rules, she has noted correctly that she was married, and that she had been married for three full years, which is indeed correct for her second marriage. However, she then incorrectly filled in the number of children from her first ‘marriage’, which whilst not needed and was struck through by the enumerator. However, it states that she had eleven children and that seven were still living.   It seems there are still some to identify!

In 1911, William, now 24, was still working as a ‘Labourer Cement Works’, this being at the Rugby Portland Cement Works as confirmed by an announcement about those joining up in the Rugby Advertiser.[1]

As was the case for a number of local men, including Walter Davis who would die a few hours later than him (see Rugby Remembers – 17 October 1915), William joined up, as a Private, No:11755, in the 5th (Service) Battalion of the Oxford and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry (Ox. and Bucks.). William was with ‘A’ Company when he was killed.

In summary, the 5th Ox. and Bucks. was formed at Oxford in August 1914 as part of Kitchener’s new army and placed under the orders of the 42nd Brigade in the 14th (Light) Division. The surviving Service Records for the Ox. and Bucks. suggest that there was a rapid response to the recruitment drive and they can be used to make an estimate of the place and date of attestation from the service numbers of other soldiers with surviving records.

With the number 11755, it is likely that William joined up on or before 2 September 1914, on which date Smith, No.11874 was ‘attested’ in Rugby. This date is further confirmed by a list of those who had joined up from the cement works in the local paper dated 12 September 1915.[2]

A summary of the earlier movements and actions of the 5th Bn. Ox. and Bucks. can be found in the description of the attack on Bellewaarde Farm on 25 September 1915 (see: Rugby Remembers for that date). They landed in Boulogne on 21 May 1915, however, whenever William actually ‘joined up’, he did not go to France until 1 October 1915, probably with reinforcements after the heavy losses at Bellewaarde Farm, when the Battalion was withdrawn to regroup and retrain, as mentioned in the Battalion Diary.[3]

The Battalion returned to a ‘Camp near Poperinge’ by 1 October, ‘… 46 other ranks were killed, six died of wounds, 249 were wounded and 136 were missing’. Two days later a draft of 200 NCOs and men, a ‘… very good looking lot of men’ arrived from 9th Bn. to provide replacements.

9th (Reserve) Battalion was formed at Portsmouth in October 1914, as a Service battalion for K4 and placed under orders of 96th Brigade, originally 32nd Division, but on 10 April 1915 it converted into a reserve battalion.[4] It seems quite likely that William had been initially in this battalion for training and was then included with the reinforcements.

However less than two weeks later they were in the trenches, as extracts from the Battalion Diary[5] indicated:

October 13th – Relieved the 8th K.R.R.C. in Railway Wood, Sector H.20 to A.2. (see location map on Rugby Remembers – 25 September 1915) … The shelling was still very heavy, and it became necessary to take shelter under the canal bank west of Ypres until 9p.m. As the shelling still continued, the C.O. decided to push on via the Dixmude Gate and Menin Road. At about 11.30p.m. the shelling ceased, and the relief was completed by 2.30 a.m. (14th).   Only one man was wounded.

October 14th – Fairly quiet. Enemy did some damage to our parapet with trench mortars, and there was a little sniping and hand-grenade throwing during the day.

October 15th – Much the same situation as yesterday. The mornings are generally foggy now, and the men can go on working as long as the fog lasts. In the afternoon there was a good deal of shelling. 1 man killed.

October 16th – Quiet morning. Between 3 and 4 p.m. a good many whizz- bangs and crumps were fired into Railway Wood. The men work all night, as there is much repairing to be done.   Casualties. 1 man killed and 7 men wounded.

It might be supposed that this one man who was killed was William Langham, whose grave, if any, must have been subsequently lost.

However, the CWGC lists 11 men from the 5th Ox. and Bucks. who were killed that day and have no known grave. This raises the question of accuracy of the casualties in the above account – or the dating by the CWGC – or whether some of the Battalion were, in fact, in action elsewhere. There is additional complication of the mine that was exploded under their position the next morning, which left the casualty count as 2 officers and 13 other ranks killed; 31 other ranks wounded; and 23 other ranks missing and buried by the mine. (see greater detail in tomorrow’s Rugby Remembers – 17 October 1915 and the loss of Private Walter Davis).

William had only been in France for just over two weeks. He was awarded the British and Victory Medals and the 1915 Star. He is remembered on the Menin Gate Memorial and on the Rugby Memorial Gates.

 

RUGBY REMEMBERS HIM

 

This summary was prepared for the Rugby Family History Group by John P H Frearson in October 2015.   Thanks are due to other members of the Group for copying data in the local newspaper

[1]       Rugby Advertiser, 12 September 1914.

[2]       Rugby Advertiser, 12 September 1914.

[3]       Record of the 5th (Service) Battalion, 1 August 1915 to 30 June 1916, at: http://www.lightbobs.com/.

[4]         http://www.1914-1918.net/oxbucks.htm

[5]       Record of the 5th (Service) Battalion, 1 August 1915 to 30 June 1916, at: http://www.lightbobs.com/.